- The key outcomes (among others) of the 2nd Indo-US 2+2 dialogue were
- ON CROSS BORDER TERRORISM AND PAKISTAN
- ON CHABAHAR PORT
- DEFENCE COOPERATION WITH US
- WITH RESPECT TO CHINA
Analysis of Indo-US 2+2 Dialogue
The 2nd Indo-US 2+2 dialogue took place in Washington D.C. The 2+2 dialogue is an interaction between the defence and foreign ministers/secretaries of both the countries.
The key outcomes (among others) of the 2nd Indo-US 2+2 dialogue were
- The signing of Industrial Security Annex, allowing industry-to-industry collaboration for co-production and co-development in the defence sector.
- It has been decided to hold the India-U.S. joint tri-services and amphibious exercise ‘Tiger Triumph’ on an annual basis.
- Expanding cooperation in the field of capacity-building of UN peacekeepers from Indo-Pacific countries.
- The US appreciated India`s Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative.
- Judicial cooperation between The U.S. Federal Judicial Center and India’s National Judicial Academy in Bhopal.
- The US has announced its commitment to being the founding member of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.
- Finalisation of Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI).
- Improving Space ties between the two countries.
[THE NEWS ON AIR DISCUSSION WAS BASED ON FOUR KEY THEMES: CROSS BORDER TERRORISM AND PAKISTAN, ON CHABAHAR PORT, DEFENSE COOPERATION WITH US AND WITH RESPECT TO CHINA]
ON CROSS BORDER TERRORISM AND PAKISTAN
Que 1: The meeting issued a statement condemning Pakistan on sponsoring cross border terrorism. How is this significant, since India has been raising the issue for a long time?
- In keeping with the past, the US has continued to express solidarity with India on this issue and has put on Pakistan. Despite pressure from the International community, not much has happened in terms of value and how it affects India.
Ques 2: We have seen China attempting or using the veto to shield Pakistan. How much of the joint statement is a message to China?
- The US is consistent in its stand in pointing out China`s support for terrorists in Pakistan. There is a clear understanding across the world that terrorism is an issue that needs to be tackled on a collective basis.
- China uses its veto power to support its proxy in South Asia. According to the speaker, China has gone to the extent of actually opposing any actions taken by the United Nations. China is quite isolated in the United Nations on this issue.
Ques 3: We have seen a considerable shift in the US relations with Pakistan and with India. With India, we have seen a positive trajectory. Do you feel that the US-Pakistan relations have gone down the ladder and seem to suffer in the future if Pakistan does not stop the sponsorship of terrorism?
- The US aid to Pakistan has considerably gone down and is replaced by a number of sanctions.
- Harbouring of terrorists and not taking any action against personalties, organisations and training camps on those indulging in cross border terrorism has made it a country which is now being targeted by organizations like the FATF.
- Also, the fact that it has not complied with so many requirements under the strictures passed by the United Nations bodies, has made it stand out as a country which supports terrorism.
Ques 4: How does one deal with the problem of Pakistan when it comes to resolving regional conflicts like Afghanistan?
- The US plans to withdraw from Afghanistan and seeks to ensure peace prevailing in the country.
- Pakistan has been called upon to take an immediate, sustained and irreversible action to ensure that no territory under its control is used against any other countries in any manner.
- Pakistan would be looked upon as a country which has not allowed peace to prevail in Afghanistan in a long period of time.
Ques 5: Is the pressure working?
- The pressure is not working to the extent that is should have, the communique conveys exactly that. It says that Pakistan should be much more and sincere in its actions.
ON CHABAHAR PORT
The US has granted an exemption to India as far as the Chabahar Port is concerned. What is your view?
- Chabahar will enhance connectivity in Afghanistan which is an important area of cooperation between the United States and India.
- Both sides have decided that they will cooperate in terms of boosting the Afghan economy and making sure that the people of Afghanistan are prosperous in the future.
DEFENCE COOPERATION WITH US
India and the US have signed a number of agreements that have been signed related to Defense Cooperation. Among them, the Industrial Security Annex stands out, which will allow US defence manufacturers to do business with Indian private sector companies.
How do you see this growing and really strong defence security relationship between India and the US and how much weight does it add to the bilateral ties?
- When read together with other agreements and initiatives India and the US are engaged in, it strengthens the defence cooperation between India and the United States to a considerable extent.
- Exchange of classified military information between the defence industries of both sides will go a long way in the diversification of the trade-in defence and also help in manufacturing in India in the future.
WITH RESPECT TO CHINA
Another topic that came up consistently during the 2+2 dialogue that is something that has been mentioned is the Indo-Pacific region. And a free, open and prosperous Indo-Pacific region is what is emphasized at the end of the dialogue. When India and the US emphasizes a free, open and prosperous Indo-Pacific is it a subtle hint also to China, that it will have to obey the laws of the seas. Something that it is refusing to do for a very long time. And we have seen really aggressive behaviour from China in the waters? [ The implicit understanding of the question is the interviewer seeks the opinion of the speaker on this issue]
- China has moved on very aggressively in the region. It has refused to abide by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). It has got into a number of disputes on territorial jurisdiction with at least five ASEAN states.
- Additionally, there is a face-off happening between the United States and China and other countries in the region because of China`s claim of the South China Sea on the basis of Nine- Dashed Line which is not recognized by other countries.
The Joint communique in 2+2 dialogue:
- Emphasizes on a free and open Pacific which is inclusive, peaceful and prosperous.
- It also expresses support for ASEAN centrality, the rule of law, freedom of navigation and overflight.
When we look at this positive outlook that we have achieved at the end of the second India-US 2+2 dialogue. What do you feel is one big takeaway from these talks and what is one focus area that both India and US need to look on as we continue on this bilateral relationship growing in strength in the coming years?
- The interaction sets the tone for future cooperation between India and the United States.
- As one of the subheadings in the joint Communique says that “This is for building enduring defence and counter-terrorism partnership” which sets the stage and the basis for long term security and diplomatic ties. This will be helpful in terms of keeping peace in general around the world and in particular in our own neighbourhood.