Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-13] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Grizzled Giant Squirrel; Rhode Island; International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI); Banking Codes and Standards Board of India (BCSBI); Price Stabilization Fund Scheme; Akademik Lomonosov; Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary; Etikoppaka toys; Mahanadi river; Eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland;
By IASToppers
March 19, 2020

 

 

Grizzled giant squirrel are generally found in the north-eastern states of India. True OR False.

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Answer:

False

Correct Statement

  • In India, it is found in patches of riparian forest along Kaveri River and in hill forests of southern states: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Enrich Your Learning:

For the first time more than 300 nests of Grizzled Giant Squirrel were sighted by researchers at Pakkamalai Reserve Forests near Gingee (in Eastern Ghats) in Tamil Nadu.

Grizzled Giant Squirrel

  • The grizzled giant squirrel is a large tree squirrel in the genus Ratufa.
  • It is smallest of all the giant squirrels found in Indian subcontinent.
  • In India, it is found in patches of riparian forest along Kaveri River and in hill forests of southern states: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is also found in Sri Lanka.
  • Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuaryis located in Shenbagathoppu, SrivilliputturTamil Nadu.
  • It is threatened by habitat loss, poaching and is also in high demand in pet trade.

Conservation Status:

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status: Near Threatened
  • Listed under Schedule II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
  • Listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA),1972.

 

 

Eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland, as recently seen in news, is related to?

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Answer:

The Eighth Amendment of the Constitution Act 1983 amended the Constitution of Ireland to allow abortion in circumstances where the life of a pregnant woman was at risk. In 2018, a referendum was passed to remove the constitutional ban on abortion.

Enrich Your Learning:

Eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland:

  • Abortion in Ireland is regulated by the Health (Regulation of Termination of Pregnancy) Act 2018.
  • Abortion had been subject to criminal penalty in Ireland since 1861.
  • Abortion is permitted during the first twelve weeks of pregnancy, and later in cases where the pregnant woman’s life or health is at risk, or in the cases of a fatal foetal abnormality.
  • The Eighth Amendment of the Constitution Act 1983 amended the Constitution of Ireland by inserting a subsection recognising the equal right to life of the pregnant woman and the unborn.
  • The amendment ensured that legislation would be restricted to allowing abortion in circumstances where the life of a pregnant woman was at risk.

 

 

The Seonath River is the longest tributary of which river?

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Solution:

The Seonath River is the longest tributary of Mahandai.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mahanadi river

  • The Mahanadi rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh. It flows through Odisha to reach the Bay of Bengal.
  • Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha.
  • Like many other seasonal Indian rivers, the Mahanadi too is a combination of many mountain streams. The main stream of Mahandi gets divided into several distributaries such as Paika, Birupa, Chitartala, Genguti and Nun.
  • Near the city of Sambalpur, it is dammed by the largest earthen dam in the world, the Hirakud Dam.
  • The Mahanadi river ranks second to the Godavari river among the peninsular rivers in respect of water potential.
  • It empties into Bay of Bengal via several channels near Paradeep at False Point, Jagatsinghpur.

Tributaries of Mahanadi:

  • Seonath River (longest)
  • Jonk River
  • Hasdo River
  • Mand River
  • Ib River
  • Ong River
  • Tel River

 

 

Etikoppaka toys, also called lacquer toys, has geographical indication of which State?

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Answer:

Etikoppaka toys has geographical indication of Andhra Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Etikoppaka toys or Etikoppaka Bommalu

  • Etikoppaka Bommalu are made in the Etikoppaka region of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The toys are also called as lacquer toys because of application of lacquer coating. Lacquer or lac is a colourless resinous secretion of a certain species of insects. It is collected by tribals from forest.
  • It gets geographical indication (GI) tag in 2017.

Key Fact

  • Etikoppaka is located on the banks of the river Varaha in Vishakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh.

 

 

Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary, located in Odisha, is the world’s largest nesting beach for which Reptile?

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Solution:

  • It is the world’s largest nesting beach for Olive Ridley Turtles.

Enrich Your Learning:

Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary

  • It is located in Orissa’s Kendrapara District.
  • It is world famous for Olive Ridley sea turtles.
  • The entrance of the River Dhamra is the breeding place of the olive Ridley sea turtles.
  • It has been confirmed as a world heritage site.
  • Major Wildlife of the park: Olive Ridley Sea Turtle, Hyena, Sambhar, Crocodiles

National Chambal Sanctuary

  • It is a division of one large region jointly managed by the governments of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • It is well known for the endangered Gangetic Dolphin. It also gives shelter to more than thousand Gharials and over three hundred Marsh Crocodiles.
  • The Chambal Ravines (height 200-500m) are the creation of hundred decades of soil attrition by the natural things like floods as well as rain waters.
  • They create an unbelievable maze of interweaving mud faces, with humid arid scrub jungle flora, that offer protection for many birds, animals and reptiles.

 

 

Akademik Lomonosov, as recently seen in news, is a) Russin Missile b) Russian Power Facility c) Russian Digital Revolution?

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Answer:

  • Akademik Lomonosov is the first Russian floating nuclear power station.

Enrich Your Learning:

Akademik Lomonosov

  • Akademik Lomonosov is an autonomous power facility, manufactured as non-self-propelled vessel.
  • It is the first Russian floating nuclear power station.
  • It started operation in December 2019.
  • It has come under widespread criticism from environmental groups.
  • Greenpeace criticized the project as one that may cause harm to a fragile environment as well as calling it a nuclear Titanic and a Chernobyl on Ice.

 

 

The Price Stabilization Fund is maintained as a Central Corpus Fund by?

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Answer:

The Price Stabilization Fund is maintained as a Central Corpus Fund by Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).

Enrich Your Learning:

Price Stabilization Fund Scheme

  • Price Stabilization Fund (PSF) with a corpus of Rs.500 crores is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • It was launched in the union budget 2014-15.
  • The PSF is maintained as a Central Corpus Fund by Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).
  • The scheme provides for maintaining a strategic buffer of aforementioned commodities for subsequent calibrated release to moderate price volatility.
  • It aims to discourage hoarding and unscrupulous speculation.
  • For building such stock, the scheme promotes direct purchase from farmers/farmers’ association at farm gate/Mandi.
  • The PSF is utilized for granting interest free advance of working capital to Central Agencies, State/UT Governments/Agencies to undertake market intervention operations.
  • Apart from domestic procurement from farmers/wholesale mandis, import may also be undertaken with support from the Fund.
  • The States set up a ‘revolving fund’ (a fund which is constantly replenished and not limited by the fiscal year considerations) to which Centre and State will contribute equally (50:50).
  • The ratio of Centre-State contribution to the State level corpus in respect of North-East States is 75:25. Central Agencies set up their revolving fund entirely with the advance from the Centre.

 

 

Which committee suggested the creation of Banking Codes and Standards Board of India (BCSBI)?

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Answer:

  • S. Tarapore committee (2003) suggested the creation of Banking Codes and Standards Board of India (BCSBI) in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Banking Codes and Standards Board of India (BCSBI):

  • It is an autonomous body under RBI.
  • It was formed to bring uniformity in systemic issues of banking relating to products and services.

History:

  • In 2003, RBI constituted a committee under S.S. Tarapore on procedures and performance audit of Public services.
  • Although the scheme of BO: Banking Ombudsman was already functional, systemic issues relating to quality of service were not being taken care of. Hence in the Monetary Policy statement of 2005, announcement of BCSBI formation was made.

 

 

International Coral Reef Initiative is an initiative of which countries?

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Answer:

The International Coral Reef Initiative was founded in 1994 by eight governments: Australia, France, Japan, Jamaica, the Philippines, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and USA.

Enrich Your Learning:

International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI)

  • The Initiative was founded in 1994 by eight governments: Australia, France, Japan, Jamaica, the Philippines, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.
  • It was announced at the First Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity in December 1994, and at the high level segment of the Intersessional Meeting of the U.N. Commission on Sustainable Development in 1995.
  • ICRI now counts more than 60 members.

ICRI’s objectives are to:

  • Encourage the adoption of best practice in sustainable management of coral reefs and associated ecosystems
  • Build capacity
  • Raise awareness at all levels on the plight of coral reefs around the world.

 

 

Rhode Island is located near which ocean?

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Answer:

Atlantic Ocean

Enrich Your Learning:

Rhode Island

Rhode Island is part of the mainland United states of America. It is located at the western part of Atlantic Ocean.

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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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