The programmes and schemes through which government is securing the food and nutrition are:
The National cooked Mid-day Meal Programme, National Food Security Act, 2013, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Public Distribution System and Antyodaya Anna Yojana.
Enrich Your Learning:
Food and Nutrition Security
Mid-Day Meal Programme
- The Mid Day Meal is the world’s largest school feeding programme reaching out to about 12 crore children in over 12.65 lakh schools/EGS centres across the country.
- Mid day Meal scheme is serving primary and upper primary school children in entire country.
- The programme aims at enhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children studying in Government, Local Body and Government-aided schools and the Centres run under Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) / Alternative & Innovative Education (AIE) and National Children Labour Project (NCLP) schools across the country.
- MDM is also served in drought-affected areas during summer vacation also.
National Food Security Act
- The National Food Security Act, 2013 was notified with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach.
- It ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
- The Act provides for coverage of up to 75% of the rural population and up to 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized food grains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).
- The eligible persons will be entitled to receive 5 Kgs of food grains per person per month at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains.
- The Act provides meal to pregnant women and lactating mothers during pregnancy and six months after the child birth, such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6000.
- The Act provides for payment of food security allowance to entitled persons by State Government in case of non-supply of entitled quantities of food grains.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
- One of the long-standing demands of the right to food campaign is a national “employment guarantee act”.
- This demand was partially met in mid-2005 with the enactment of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA 2005).
- Under this Act, any adult willing to do casual labour at the minimum wage is entitled to employment on local public works within 15 days, subject to a limit of 100 days per household per year.
Public Distribution System
- The Public Distribution System (PDS) plays an important role in the provision of food security. The PDS in India is perhaps the largest distribution network of its type in the world.
- PDS is a network of more than 4 lakh Fair Price Shops (FPS) claiming to distribute annually commodities worth more than Rs 15,000 crore to about 16 crore families.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana
- The “Antyodaya Anna Yojana” (AAY) was launched in December, 2000 for one crore poorest of the poor families.
- AAY contemplates identification of one crore poorest of the poor families from amongst the BPL families covered under TPDS within the States.
- A priority group under this scheme is to receive 7 kg of subsidised food grains per person per month i.e. 35 kg of food grain/family/month.
- 46 percent of the rural and 28 percent of the urban population will be designated as priority households.