Solution: Climate Transparency Organisation
Enrich Your Learning:
The Brown to Green Report 2019:
- The Brown to Green Report is the world’s most comprehensive review of G20 climate action providing concise information on G20 countries mitigation action, finance, and adaptation on climate.
- This report was produced by Climate Transparency Organisation.
Highlights of the report:
- India is the only country that is close to 1.5-degree Celsius temperature rise. (It is the scenario set by the global Paris Agreement that will lead to disastrous consequences.)
- India has set ambitious NDCs (Nationally determined contributions) and is investing more in long term goals.
- Russia, France, Italy, Germany and India were the highest ranked countries that faced economic losses from extreme weather events.
- G20 countries are responsible for 80% of global Green House Gas emissions.
- Brazil and Germany were the only two countries with long term goals.
- Australia was the worst performing country in terms of climate response.
- In 2018, global emissions grew once again signalling that ever stronger efforts to reduce emissions are required to arrest global warming at 1.5°C. So that G20 countries will have to ratchet up their 2030 emissions targets in 2020.
- The ‘Brown to Green Report 2019’ takes stock of where the G20 countries stand in terms of 1.5°C benchmarks.
- The G20 is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 19 countries including India and the European Union.
- And G20 Climate Action is core issue of the G20 Agenda on Economic Growth.
Nationally determined contributions (NDCs):
- The Paris Agreement requests each country to outline and communicate their post-2020 climate actions, known as their NDCs.
NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.