Battle of Chausa (1539) was fought between Mughal Emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri of Suri Empire, and resulted in defeat of Humayun.
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- BABUR (1526-1530):
1526 – Defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at the first battle of Panipat.
1527 – Defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at the battle of Khanua.
1528 – Defeated the Rajputs at the battle of Chanderi.
Established control over Agra and Delhi before his death.
- HUMAYUN (1530-1540, 1555-1556):
- Humayun divided his inheritance according to the will of his father.
- His brothers were each given a province.
- The ambitions of his brother Mirza Kamran weakened Humayun’s cause against Afghan competitors.
- Sher Khan defeated Humayun at the battle of Chausa (1539) and Kanauj (1540), forcing him to flee to Iran.
- In Iran, Humayun received help from the Safavid Shah.
- He recaptured Delhi in 1555 but died the next year after an accident in this building.
- AKBAR (1556-1605):
Akbar was 13 years old when he became emperor. His reign can be divided into three periods:
- Akbar became independent of the regent Bairam Khan and other members of his domestic staff.
- Military campaigns were launched against the Suris and other Afghans, against the neighbouring kingdoms of Malwa and Gondwana, and to suppress the revolt of his half-brother Mirza Hakim and the Uzbegs.
- In 1568 the Sisodiya capital of Chittor was seized and in 1569 Ranthambhor.
- Military campaigns in Gujarat were followed by campaigns in the east in Bihar, Bengal and Orissa.
- These campaigns were complicated by the 1579-1580 revolt in support of Mirza Hakim.
- Expansion of Akbar’s empire. Campaigns were launched in the north-west.
- Qandahar was seized from the Safavids, Kashmir was annexed, as also Kabul, after the death of Mirza Hakim.
- Campaigns in the Deccan started and Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar were annexed.
- In the last years of his reign Akbar was distracted by the rebellion of Prince Salim, the future Emperor Jahangir.