- It is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
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Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO)
- The Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of global biodiversity.
- It is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The report summarizes the progress made towards achieving the objectives of the Convention, such as the Aichi Targets and identifies key actions to achieve these.
- Till December 2019, the latest report is the Global Biodiversity Outlook-4 report has been published.
What is the Convention of Biological Diversity?
- The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international legally-binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity; sustainable use of biodiversity; fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources.
- The CBD’s governing body is the Conference of the Parties (COP). This ultimate authority of all governments (or Parties) that have ratified the treaty meets every two years to review progress, set priorities and commit to work plans.
- The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) is based in Montreal, Canada.
- The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. CBD has two supplementary agreements – Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
What are the Aichi Targets?
Aichi Targets are a set of 20 global targets under the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The objective of Aichi Target is to address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss, reduce the pressures on biodiversity, safeguard biodiversity at all levels, enhance the benefits provided by biodiversity, and provide for capacity-building. They are grouped under five strategic goals.
- Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society.
- Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use.
- Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity.
- Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.