Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-27] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Subhash Chandra Bose in Andaman; Multidimensional Poverty Index; ‘Referendum 2020’; Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme; International Cooperation (IC) Scheme; India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO); Basel banking norms; Non-Functional Financial Upgradation (NFFU); Mahajan Commission;
By IASToppers
April 03, 2020

Mahajan Commission was constituted by the government of India for the state border dispute settlement between which two states of the India?

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Maharashtra and Karnataka

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Mahajan Commission’:

Why in news?

  • Baelgaum also known as Belagavi in Kannada, currently a part of Karnataka and earlier the erstwhile Bombay Presidency, is claimed by Maharashtra on linguistic grounds.


  • After the independence, the Belgaum district was incorporated into the newly formed Mysore state (now Karnataka) with the passage of the States Reorganization Act, although other adjoining areas of the Bombay State were included in the newly formed Maharashtra state.
  • The Government of India constituted the Mahajan Commission on 25 October 1966 to solve the issue.

Mahajan Commission:

  • The commission was headed by the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, Meher Chand Mahajan.
  • The commission, upon review of Maharashtra’s claims; recommended the exchange of several villages in Belgaum district between the two states, but rejected Maharashtra’s claim on Belgaum city.
  • The Mahajan commission, used 1961 census. According to maps of 1961 census, Belgaum was surrounded by Kannada speaking areas on all sides.
  • Mahajan commission said that its decisions on border dispute is not related with number of Marathi schools and students in Belgaum.

Key points of from commission: 

  • Belgaum to continue in Karnataka  
  • Around 247 villages/places including Jatta, Akkalakote; Sholapur to be part of Karnataka
  • Around 264 villages/places including Nandagadi Nippani Khanapur to be part of Maharastra
  • Kasaragod (of Kerala) to be part of Karnataka

Which island was named Shaheed by the Subhash Chandra Bose?

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Andaman island

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Subhash Chandra Bose in Andaman:

  • During World War II, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were under Japanese occupation for three years (1942-45) and were formally handed over to Bose’s Azad Hind government, although effective control remained with Japan.
  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are strategically located in the Indian Ocean between the Indian mainland, Myanmar, and Indonesia, and are close to important maritime routes.
  • At that time, the islands were first controlled by the Dutch, then by the British, and were taken over by the advancing Japanese military during World War II.
  • Bose, who had allied with the Japanese during the War, declared in August 1943 that the Azad Hind Fauj would be on Indian soil before the end of that year.
  • He hoisted the Indian Tricolour at the Gymkhana grounds in Port Blair.
  • The Azad Hind government was able to obtain de jure control of the islands from the Japanese.
  • He renamed Andaman as Shaheed (“Martyrs”) Island, and Nicobar as Swaraj (“Freedom”) Island.

The Kalak Tartar plateau is located in area: a) Leh OR b) Jammu OR c) Ladakh OR d) Gilgit-baltistan?

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  • Ladakh

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Kalak Tartar’:

  • The Kalak Tartar plateau in the Hanle River basin, has large surviving gazellepopulation in Ladakh.
  • The Kalak Tartar plateau is a small island of suitable habitat with relatively low livestock grazing (due to restricted availability of drinking water for livestock), surrounded by habitats that undergo considerably high disturbance and livestock grazing.

The term ‘Non-Functional Financial Upgradation’ was seen in news in which context?

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It is a scheme to reward the Central Group Civil Service with automatic time bound pay promotions till the Higher Administrative Grade.

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What is Non-Functional Financial Upgradation (NFFU)?

  • NFFU is a concept introduced in the 6thpay commission and was granted to the Group ‘A’ organised services.
  • NFU implies that whenever an IAS officer gets empanelled at a particular appointment at the Centre, all other Group-A service officers are also upgraded to the same level after a period of two years from the date of empanelment, on a non-functional basis, irrespective of whether they are actually promoted or not.
  • For example, if an officer of the IAS of 1989 batch is empanelled as an Additional Secretary to Govt of India, then all other Organised Group-A officers of the 1987 batch shall also be placed in the ‘Additional Secretary to Government of India’ pay grade (Higher Administrative Grade/HAG).
  • The purpose of granting NFFU was to give relief to group A officers facing the problem of stagnation as fallback option when regular promotions do not come into various factors.

Basel III introduced less strict capital requirements in comparison to Basel I and Basel II to revamp finical market in the wake of 2008 financial crisis. True OR False?

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Right Statement:

  • Basel III introduced tighter capital requirements in comparison to Basel I and Basel II.

Enrich your learning:

What are Basel banking norms?

  • Basel guidelines refer to broad supervisory standards formulated by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS).
  • The set of agreement by the BCBS, which mainly focuses on risks to banks and the financial system are called Basel accord.
  • BCBS has 45 members, comprising central banks and bank supervisors from 28 jurisdictions.
  • The purpose of the accord is to ensure that financial institutions have enough capital on account to meet obligations and absorb unexpected losses.
  • India has accepted Basel accords for the banking system.

The government of India is building ‘India-based Neutrino Observatory’ (INO) in which Indian state?

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Tamil Nadu

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About the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO)

  • The INO project, in Theni district of Tamil Nadu, is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building an underground laboratory for non-accelerator based high energy and nuclear physics research in India.
  • The observatory is placed at the end of a carven in Bodi West Hills on the Tamil Nadu-Kerala boundary to reduce the noise from cosmic rays which would outnumber the rare neutrino interactions.

Components of INO:

  • Construction of an underground laboratory and associated surface facilities.
  • Construction of an Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector to observe naturally occurring atmospheric neutrinos.
  • Setting up of National Centre for High Energy Physics at Madurai, for the operation and maintenance of the underground laboratory.

Controversy over INO in Tamil Nadu:

  • Environmental activists from Tamilnadu have raised concerns regarding the project being located in the fragile ecosystem of the Western Ghats.
  • Moreover, the activist blame that the project did not took clearance from Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board as well as from Animal Welfare Board of India. The project also did not study the impact of blasting rocks to make INO in western Ghats.
  • However, the government says that the INO project does not disturb the ecosystem around the site and does not release any radiation as it does not have any radioactive substance.

International Cooperation (IC) Scheme is being implemented by which Union Ministry?

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Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

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About the International Cooperation (IC) Scheme:

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) is implementing International Cooperation (IC) Scheme.


  • Technology infusion and/or upgradation of Indian MSMEs
  • Promotion of the exports of MSMEs
  • Modernisation of MSMEs

Target group:

  • State/Central Government Organisations
  • Industry/Enterprise Associations
  • Registered Societies/Trusts and Organisations associated with the MSME

The ‘Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme’ is related to: (a) Disaster funding arrangements OR b) Development of North Eastern Region OR c) Human Resources Development Programme in New and Renewable Energy?

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The ‘Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme’ is related to development of North Eastern Region.

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About Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme

  • The broad objective of the Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme is to ensure speedy development of infrastructure in the North Eastern Region by increasing the flow of budgetary financing for new infrastructure projects in the Region.
  • Both physical and social infrastructure sectors such as Irrigation and Flood Control, Power, Roads and Bridges, Sanitation etc. are considered for providing support under the Central Pool, with projects in physical infrastructure sector receiving priority.

The term ‘Referendum 2020’ as sometimes seen in news. It is related to which context?

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  • The secessionist campaign, called ‘Referendum 2020’, seeks to liberate Punjab from Indian occupation.

Enrich your learning:

What is Sikhs for Justice group?

  • Sikhs for Justice (SFJ), formed in 2007, is a US-based group.
  • The group’s primary objective is to establish an independent and sovereign country in Punjab.
  • SFJ has announced to hold polling for referendum in November 2020 which it has planned to hold in Punjab along with major cities of North America, Europe etc.
  • However, the government banned SFJ under Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act for its alleged anti-national activities.
  • Moreover, the government blames SFJ for indulging in activities prejudicial to the internal security of India and public order and have the potential of disturbing peace and unity and integrity of the country.
  • SFJ urged Pakistan to support ‘Referendum 2020’, citing the fall of Dhaka in December 1971 with the intervention of Indian army and advice Pakistan to undo its failure to support Sikhs during the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.

Which is not an indicator used in calculation of Global Multidimensional Poverty Index? (a) Government’s efficiency OR (b) School attendance OR (c) Cooking fuel?

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Answer: A

Enrich your learning:

About the Multidimensional Poverty Index:

  • The global MPI was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the flagship Human Development Report.
  • It defines Multidimensional poverty not simply by income but by a number of indicators, including poor health, poor work quality, and the threat of violence.





  • The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute multidimensional poverty covering over 100 developing countries.
  • It complements traditional monetary-based poverty measures by capturing the acute deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.


  • Nutrition
  • Sanitation
  • Child mortality
  • Drinking water
  • Years of schooling
  • Electricity
  • School attendance
  • Housing
  • Cooking fuel
  • Assets

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