- India is a party to the treaty.
Enrich Your Learning:
- The Antarctic Treatyand related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS).
- It regulates international relations with respect to Antarctica.
- The treaty sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation, and bans military activity on the continent.
- Article 1 of the treaty says that Antarctica shall be used for peaceful purposes only but it does not prohibit the scientific research carried on by military personnel or equipment.
- Article 2 states the freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica and cooperation toward that end, as applied during the International Geophysical Year, shall continue, subject to the provisions of the present treaty.
- The treaty entered into force in 1961.
- It has currently 54 parties.
- Secretariat:Buenos Aires, Argentina
The Antarctic Treaty System’s yearly Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings (ATCM) are the international forum for the administration and management of the region. Only 29 of the 54 parties to the agreements have the right to participate in decision-making at these meetings, though the other 25 are still allowed to attend
Legal system of Antarctica
- Antarctica currently has no permanent population and therefore it has no citizenship nor government.
- All personnel present on Antarctica at any time are citizens or nationals of some sovereignty outside Antarctica, as there is no Antarctic sovereignty.