Grounds for cancelling OCI (Overseas Citizenship of India) registration:
- The Act provides that the central government may cancel registration of OCIs on five grounds registration through fraud,
- Showing disaffection to the Constitution,
- Engaging with the enemy during war,
- Necessity in the interest of sovereignty of India,
- Security of state or public interest, or
- If within five years of registration the OCI has been sentenced to imprisonment for two years or more.
- The Bill added one more ground for cancelling registration, that is, if the OCI has violated any law that is in force in the country.
Enrich Your Learning:
Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019:
- In 2016, a Bill was introduced to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955. The bill sought to provide citizenship to six minorities — Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh who came to India before 2014.
- It was lapsed due to dissolution of Lok Sabha. Subsequently, the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha in December 2019.
Highlights of the bill:
Eligibility for citizenship for certain illegal migrants:
- The bill amended the Act to provide that illegal migrants from religious minorities – Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians – from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who entered India on or before December 31, 2014, eligible for Indian citizenship.
- In order to get this benefit, they must have also been exempted from the Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 by the central government.
- Provisions on citizenship for illegal migrants will not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, or Tripura, as included in the Sixth Scheduleto the Constitution.
- These tribal areas include Karbi Anglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya), Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District. I
- t will also not apply to the areas under the ‘Inner Line’ under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. The Inner Line Permit regulates visit of Indians to Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.
Citizenship by naturalization:
- The Act allows a person to apply for citizenship by naturalisation, if the person meets certain qualifications.
- One of the qualifications is that the person must have resided in India or been in central government service for the last 12 months and at least 11 years of the preceding 14 years.
- The Bill further reduces the period of naturalization to 5 years.