Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-40] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

AG600; Ashok Dalwai committee; Satkosia tiger reserve; 20th livestock census report; District Mineral Foundation; African Development Bank (AfDB); Rafael jets; Genome India Project; Shangri-La Dialogue; Jamdani;
By IASToppers
April 17, 2020

Which country built world’s largest amphibious plane named AG600?

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Answer: China

Enrich Your Learning:

AG600:

  • China has launched homegrown AG600, the world’s largest amphibious aircraft.
  • The plane, codenamed Kunlong, will further strengthens China’s rapidly modernising military.
  • Its successful maiden flight makes China among the world’s few countries capable of developing a large amphibious aircraft.
  • The aircraft has military applications but will be also used for firefighting and marine rescue.
  • The AG600 amphibious aircraft can land and take off from water. It has wingspan of 38.8 metres. It is powered by four turboprop engines.

India has registered for the geographical indication (GI) for Uppada Jamdani Saree that belongs to which Indian state?

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Answer: Andhra Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Jamdani:

  • Jamdaniis a discontinuous weft technique of weaving, and can be defined as the art of fine ‘Parsi Gara’ done on the loom.
  • In Jamdani, motifs are inlaid into the fabric by adding a denser thread to fine warp threads by hand.
  • The traditional art of weaving jamdani has been declared by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. 
  • Jamdani is essentially a ‘cotton’ fibre woven delicately into finest muslin.
  • The Jamdani weaving originated in India (modern Bangladesh).

Shangri-La Dialogue is related to which field? a) Defence and security OR b) Disaster Management

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Answer:

Defence and security

Enrich Your Learning:

Shangri-La Dialogue:

  • Shangri-La Dialogue is Asia’s premier defence summit.
  • It’s a unique meeting where ministers debate the region’s most pressing security challenges, engage in important bilateral talks and come up with fresh solutions together.
  • It is held annually by an independent think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
  • It has been attended by defence ministers, permanent heads of ministries and military chiefs of 28 Asia-Pacific states.
  • The forum gets its name from the Shangri-La Hotel in Singapore where it has been held since 2002.
  • The Dialogue has built confidence and fostered practical security cooperation, by facilitating easy communication and fruitful contact among the region’s most important defence and security policymakers.
  • Each year’s agenda is intentionally wide-ranging, reflecting the many defence and security challenges facing a large and diverse region.
  • The SLD has evolved into a key strategic gathering of the Asia-Pacific region.

Which Indian institute heads the Genome India Project?

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Answer:

The Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.

Enrich Your Learning:

Genome India Project:

  • The project is being headed by the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru as the nodal point of about 20 institutions including a few IITs, each doing its bit in collecting samples, doing the computations, and then the research.
  • Aim:To ultimately build a grid of the Indian reference genome, to understand fully the type and nature of diseases and traits that comprise the diverse Indian population.
  • The mega project hopes to form a grid after collecting 10,000 samples in the first phase from across India, to arrive at a representative Indian genome.
  • The Indian project will aim to vastly add to the available information on the human species and advance the cause, becauseof the scale of the Indian population and the vertical and horizontal diversity here.

India is the only third country to have the Rafael jet after France and Egypt. True OR False.

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Answer: False.

Correct Statement: India is the fourth country to have the Rafael jet after France, Egypt and Qatar.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rafael jets:

  • The Rafael is a multirole fighter aircraft designed based on technology 4+ generation and built by the French aircraft manufacturer, Dassault Aviation.
  • India had signed an inter-governmental agreement with France in September 2016 for procurement of 36 Rafael fighter jets.
  • The aircraft can be used for numerous roles including Air dominance, interdiction, aerial recce, precision long-range strikes including in the maritime environment.

Specifications:

  • It can fly at speeds of 1.8 mach (2,222.6km per hour) and has a range of 3,700km.
  • France has promised to ensure that at least 75 per cent of the Rafale fleet is combat-worthyat any given point, failing which, heavy penalties will be invoked.
  • It can be equipped with air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and air-to-surface missiles along with Nuclear weapons
  • Besides the missile systems, the Rafale jets come with various India-specific modifications, including Israeli helmet-mounted displays, radar warning receivers, low band jammers, 10-hour flight data recording, infra-red search and tracking systems etc.

India is not a member of the African Development Bank (AfDB). True OR False.

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Answer: False.

Correct Statement: India became member of the African Development Bank (AfDB) in 1983.

Enrich Your Learning:

African Development Bank (AfDB):

  • The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) is a multilateral development finance institution established to contribute to the economic development and social progress of African countries.
  • The AfDB was founded in 1964 and comprises three entities:
  1. The African Development Bank,
  2. The African Development Fund and
  3. The Nigeria Trust Fund.
  • The AfDB’s mission is to fight poverty and improve living conditions on the continent through promoting the investment of public and private capital in projects and programs that are likely to contribute to the economic and social development of the region.
  • The AfDB is controlled by a Board of Executive Directors, made up of representatives of its member countries.
  • The voting power on the Board is split according to the size of each member’s share, currently 60%-40% between African (or “regional”) countries and “non-regional” member countries (“donors”). The largest African Development Bank shareholder is Nigeria with nearly 9% of the vote.
  • All member countries of the AfDB are represented on the AfDB Board of Executive Directors. Member governments are officially represented at the AfDB by their Minister of Finance, Planning or Cooperation who sits on the AfDB Board of Governors. The AfDB Governors meet once a year to take major decisions about the institution’s leadership, strategic directions and governing bodies.
  • The African Development Bank is using a Unit of Account which is registered as XUA as ISO 4217 standard currency code. It is not exchanged directly by individuals, it is used for accounting between state members.

What are the benefits of District Mineral Foundation (DMF)?

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Answer:

  • DMF funds are treated as extra-budgetary resources for the State Plan. And thus, helps to implement the State and the District Plans.
  • The DMFs also help implement the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY), for the welfare of mining areas and the affected population.

Enrich Your Learning:

District Mineral Foundation:

  • District Mineral Foundation (DMF) is a trust set up as a non-profit body, in those districts affected by the mining works, to work for the interest and benefit of persons and areas affected by mining-related operations.
  • It is funded through the contributions from miners. Mandated by the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, (MMDRA) 2015
  • The Central Government retains the power to prescribe the rates of contribution but its manner of operation comes under the jurisdiction of the relevant State Government.
  • The composition and functions of the DMF are prescribed by the State government.
  • The contributions made to DMFs are collected by the State Governments. DMF contribution would not be exceeding one-third of royalty.
  • In case of all mining leases executed before 12th January 2015 miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 30% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs.  Where mining leases are granted after 12.01.2015, the rate of contribution would be 10% of the royalty payable
  • If the mining area is spread across several districts, the fund is shared on a pro-rata basis by these districts.

What is the objective of DMF?

  • Mining related operations largely affect less developed and very remote areas of the country, and vulnerable sections of the population, especially Scheduled Tribes.
  • It is especially necessary that special care and attention is devoted, in an organized and structured manner so as to ensure that these areas and affected persons are benefitted by the mineral wealth in their regions and are empowered to improve their standard of living.

Satkosia tiger reserve is located in which Indian State? a) Odisha OR b) Karnataka

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Answer: Odisha

Enrich Your Learning:

Satkosia tiger reserve:

  • It is located in the Angul district of Odishawhere the Mahanadi River passes through gorge in the Eastern Ghats mountains.
  • The area is also a part of the Mahanadi elephant reserve.
  • Satkosia Tiger Reserve comprises of two adjoining Sanctuaries of central Odisha named as Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary and Baisipalli Sanctuary.
  • Satkosia is themeeting point of two bio-geographic regions of India; the Deccan Peninsula and the Eastern Ghats, contributing to immense biodiversity.
  • The major plant communities are mixed deciduous forests including Sal and riverine forest.
  • Tiger (Mahavir) and tigress (Sundri) were translocated from Madhya Pradesh to Satkosia Tiger Reserve (STR), Odisha.

 

 

Que-50

Who conducts the Livestock Census in India?

Answer:

The Livestock Census has been conducted in India by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

Enrich Your Learning:

Highlights of 20th livestock census report:

Total cattle population in India is 192.5 million in 2019. It was 190.9 million in 2012 when the last such census was conducted.

Increase in numbers:

  • The total Livestock population (535.78 million) increase by 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012.
  • The total number of cattle (192.49 million) – increase by 0.8 %
  • Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) – increase by 1%
  • The Female Cattle (Cows population) – increased by 18 %
  • The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle – increased by 27 %
  • The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes – increase by 6%
  • The total buffalo’s population – increase by 1 %.
  • The total sheep population- increased by 14 %
  • The Goat population – increase of 10%
  • The total poultry – increase of 16 %

Decline in Numbers:

  • Total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population – decreased by 6 %.
  • However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
  • The total Pigs population – declined by 12 %

The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 0.23% of the total livestock.

About the livestock census:

  • The Livestock Census has been conducted in India by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying periodically since 1919-20.
  • The Livestock Census covers all domesticated animals and its headcounts. So far 19 such censuses have been conducted. The last such census was carried out in 2012.

Uniqueness of 20th livestock census:

  • The major thrust given to 20th Livestock Census is the collection of data through tablets computers. 
  • The 20th livestock census is a unique attempt as for the first time such a major initiative has been take to digitise household level datathrough online transmission from the field.

Ashok Dalwai committee was constituted by the central government of India for which objective?

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Answer:

The Union Government had constituted an inter-ministerial committee headed by Ashok Dalwai to prepare a blueprint for doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Enrich Your Learning:

Ashok Dalwai committee:

  • A high-level committee appointed by the government & headed by Ashok Dalwai, CEO of National Rainfed Area Authority has called for placing agricultural marketing in the Concurrent list.
  • Committee recommended greater private sector participation in agri-marketing and logistics. The report pertains to three areas — productivity gains, reduction in cost of cultivation, and remunerative prices.

Recommendations:

One-India market

  • The one-India market concept may benefit from placing agricultural marketing under the Concurrent List (in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution).

Role of FPO/VPO:

  • It suggested that farmer producer and village producer organisations (FPO/VPO) could play a critical role in integrating small and marginal farmers into the agricultural market system.
  • The committee also called for amending the Companies Act to facilitate private sector shareholding in FPOs up to 26 per cent and incentivising them by treating them at par with cooperative societies.

Setting up Markets:

  • The committee estimated that the country would need about 10,000 wholesale and nearly 20,000 rural retail markets to achieve the desired market density to build a pan-India system.
  • State Governments may convert these principal and sub-market yards into full-fledged and independent markets.

APLM rollout sought:

  • The committee also urged the Union Agriculture Ministry to roll out the Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion and Facilitating) Act (APLM) Rules so that States can make the act operational.
  • States could upgrade existing facilities such as warehouses and silos as markets.

Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020 LAKSHYA-75
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