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Satkosia tiger reserve:
- It is located in the Angul district of Odishawhere the Mahanadi River passes through gorge in the Eastern Ghats mountains.
- The area is also a part of the Mahanadi elephant reserve.
- Satkosia Tiger Reserve comprises of two adjoining Sanctuaries of central Odisha named as Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary and Baisipalli Sanctuary.
- Satkosia is themeeting point of two bio-geographic regions of India; the Deccan Peninsula and the Eastern Ghats, contributing to immense biodiversity.
- The major plant communities are mixed deciduous forests including Sal and riverine forest.
- Tiger (Mahavir) and tigress (Sundri) were translocated from Madhya Pradesh to Satkosia Tiger Reserve (STR), Odisha.
Who conducts the Livestock Census in India?
The Livestock Census has been conducted in India by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
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Highlights of 20th livestock census report:
Total cattle population in India is 192.5 million in 2019. It was 190.9 million in 2012 when the last such census was conducted.
Increase in numbers:
- The total Livestock population (535.78 million) increase by 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012.
- The total number of cattle (192.49 million) – increase by 0.8 %
- Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) – increase by 1%
- The Female Cattle (Cows population) – increased by 18 %
- The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle – increased by 27 %
- The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes – increase by 6%
- The total buffalo’s population – increase by 1 %.
- The total sheep population- increased by 14 %
- The Goat population – increase of 10%
- The total poultry – increase of 16 %
Decline in Numbers:
- Total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population – decreased by 6 %.
- However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
- The total Pigs population – declined by 12 %
The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 0.23% of the total livestock.
About the livestock census:
- The Livestock Census has been conducted in India by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying periodically since 1919-20.
- The Livestock Census covers all domesticated animals and its headcounts. So far 19 such censuses have been conducted. The last such census was carried out in 2012.
Uniqueness of 20th livestock census:
- The major thrust given to 20th Livestock Census is the collection of data through tablets computers.
- The 20th livestock census is a unique attempt as for the first time such a major initiative has been take to digitise household level datathrough online transmission from the field.