All the important steel producing centers such as Bhilai, Durgapur, Burnpur, Jamshedpur, Rourkela, Bokaro are situated in a region that spreads over four states — West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
Bhadravati and Vijay Nagar in Karnataka, Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, Salem in Tamil Nadu are other important steel centers.
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Iron and Steel Industry
- In India, iron and steel industry has developed taking advantage of raw materials, cheap labour, transport and market.
- Before 1947, there was only one iron and steel plant in the country – Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO). It was privately owned.
- After Independence, the government set up several iron and steel plants.
- TISCO was started in 1907 at Sakchi, near the confluence of the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai in Jharkhand.
- Later on, Sakchi was renamed as Jamshedpur.
- Geographically, Jamshedpur is the most conveniently situated iron and steel center in the country.
- Sakchi was only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal-Nagpur railway line.
- It was close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits as well as to Kolkata, which provided a large market.
- TISCO, gets coal from Jharia coalfields, and iron ore, limestone, dolomite and manganese from Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
- The Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers ensured sufficient water supply.
- It is an important steel city of the United States of America.
- The steel industry at Pittsburgh enjoys locational advantages. Some of the raw material such as coal is available locally, while the iron ore comes from the iron mines at Minnesota, about 1500 km from Pittsburgh.
- Pittsburgh is one of the world’s best routes for shipping ore cheaply – the famous Great Lakes waterway.
- The Ohio, the Monogahela and Allegheny rivers provide adequate water supply.