International Labour Organisation (ILO)
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Working on a Warmer Planet Report:
- A report named ‘Working on a Warmer Planet: The Impact of Heat Stress on Labour Productivity and Decent Work’ is released by International Labour Organisation(ILO).
- The report stated that by 2030, the equivalent of more than two per cent of total working hours worldwide is projected to be lost every year.
- This is either because it is too hot to workor because workers have to work at a slower
- This projected loss will be equivalent to 80 million full-time joband this loss is expected to reach USD 2,400 billion by 2030.
- The projections are based on a global temperature rise of 1.50C by the end of the 21st century.
- Southern Asian and western African Stateswill be the most affected suffer to up to 5.3 per cent of total working hours (the equivalent of 43 million full-time jobs), which is at least two per cent losses will faced by two-thirds of Southern Asian countries.
Effect of increased temperature on work efficiency:
- Heat stress is defined as generally occurring at above 35 degrees Celsius, in places where there is high humidity. It affects all outdoor workers.
- Excess heat at work is an occupational health risk and in extreme cases can lead to heatstroke, which can be fatal.
- Above 390C, temperature can kill. Also such temperatures can leave many people unable to work or able to work only at a reduced rate.
- Older workers have lower physiological resistance to high levels of heat.
Effects in India:
- The report said that the country most affectedby heat stress is India.
- India lost 4.3 per cent of working hours in 1995 and is projected to lose 8 per cent of working hours in 2030.
- India is expected to lose the equivalent of 34 million full-time jobsin 2030 in productivity because of its large population.
- And the most impact will be felt in the agricultural sector and in the construction sector as major population is associated with these sectors in India.
Sectors to be affected:
- Farmers are set to be worst hit by rising temperatures and the agriculture sectorwill be responsible for 60 per cent of global working hours lost by 2030.
- Other at-risk sectors include refuse collection, emergency services, transport, tourism and sports.