Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-48] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Malai Poondu Garlic; Innovating for Clean Air (IfCA) initiative; Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC); Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence or RACE; ‘Strangers to Justice' Report; Warsaw International Mechanism; Lambahraun lava field; Yemen Crisis; Logistics Performance Index; The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation;
By IASToppers
April 27, 2020

Is India a signatory to the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation?

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Answer:

Yes. India is a signatory to the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation.

Enrich Your Learning:

The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation

  • The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, also known as The Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC), is a political initiative aimed at globally curbing ballistic missile proliferation.
  • HCOC is a voluntary, legally non-bindinginternational confidence building and transparency measure.
  • It was established on 25 November 2002 at a launching conference hosted by the Netherlands in The Hague. As of April 2019, 140 countrieshave subscribed to the HCOC.
  • It is an agreement between states on how they should conduct trade; it does not call for the destruction of missiles.
  • The HCOC consists of a set of general principles, modest commitments, and limited confidence-building measures.
  • India joined the group in July, 2018.

Which international organization releases Logistics Performance Index?

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Solution:

World Bank

Enrich Your Learning:

Logistics Performance Index

  • The Logistics Performance Index is an interactive benchmarking toolcreated to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance
  • The LPI is based on a worldwide surveyof operators on the ground, providing feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which they operate and those with which they trade.
  • Feedback from operators is supplemented with quantitative data on the performance of key components of the logistics chainin the country of work.
  • The LPI consists of both qualitative and quantitative measuresand helps build profiles of logistics friendliness for these countries.
  • LPI is the weighted average of the country scores on six key dimensions:
    • Efficiency of the clearance process by border control agencies, including Customs.
    • Quality of trade and transport related infrastructure.
    • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments.
    • Competence and quality of logistics services.
    • Ability to track and trace consignments.
    • Timeliness of shipments in reaching destination within the scheduled or expected delivery time.
  • LPI offers two different perspectives: international and domestic.
  • International LPI: provides qualitative evaluationsof a country in six areas by its trading partners—logistics professionals working outside the country.
  • Domestic LPI: provides both qualitative and quantitative assessmentsof a country by logistics professionals working inside it.
  • It includes detailed information on the logistics environment, core logistics processes, institutions, and performance time and cost data.

Logistics Performance Index of 2018

  • India ranks 44 in the Logistics Performance Index 2018.

Give a brief overview of Yemen crisis.

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

What is Yemen Crisis?

  • Yemen, one of the Arab world’s poorest countries, has been devastated by civil war. 
  • The conflict has its roots in the failure of a political transitionsupposed to bring stability to Yemen following an Arab Spring uprising that forced its long time authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, in 2011.
  • But Mr Hadi struggled to deal with a variety of problems, including attacks by jihadists, a separatist movement in the south, the continuing loyalty of security personnel to Saleh, as well as corruption, unemployment and food insecurity.
  • The Houthi rebels (Shia muslim minority of Yemen) took advantage of the new president’s weakness by taking control of their northern heartland of Saada province and neighbouring areas.
  • The Houthis and security forces loyal to Saleh– who is thought to have backed his erstwhile enemies in a bid to regain power – then attempted to take control of the entire country, forcing Mr Hadi to flee abroad in March 2015.
  • Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states known as the coalition began an air campaign aimed at restoring Mr Hadi’s government fearing the rise of Houthi group.              
  • The coalition receives support from the US, UK and France.
  • Coalition ground troops landed in the southern port city of Aden in August 2015 and helped drive the Houthis and their allies.
  • Militants from al-Qaedain the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the local affiliate of the rival Islamic State group (IS) have taken advantage of the chaos by seizing territory in the south and carrying out deadly attacks, notably in Aden.
  • Yemen is experiencing the world’s worst man-made humanitarian disaster in this crisis. Thousands of more civilians have died from preventable causes, including malnutrition, disease and poor health
  • The UN says at least 7,025 civilians have been killed and 11,140 injured in the fighting since March 2015.

Recently, NASA has started its new robotic space explorer in which part of the world?

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Answer:

The new robotic space explorer has been started in Iceland’s Lambahraun lava field.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Lambahraun lava field?

  • The Lambahraun lava field is located at the foot of Iceland’s second biggest glacier, Langjokull.
  • Since the volcanic island in many ways resembles or reminiscent of Mars, NASA is testing its rovers for the next mission to Mars in 2020.

What is the main objective behind establishing the Warsaw International Mechanism?

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Answer:

  • To address loss and damage associated with impacts of climate change in developing countries.

Enrich Your Learning:

Warsaw International Mechanism

  • At COP19 (November 2013) in Warsaw, Poland, the COP established the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts.
  • It was established to address loss and damage associated with impacts of climate change,including extreme events and slow onset events, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.
  • The COP will review the Loss and Damage Mechanism, including its structure, mandate and effectiveness at COP22 (2016) with a view to adopting an appropriate decision on the outcome of review.

 Loss and Damage Mechanism:

  • Facilitate support of actionsto address loss and damage.
  • Improve coordination of the relevant workof existing bodies under the Convention.
  • Convene meetingsof relevant experts and stakeholders.
  • Promote the development of, and compile, analyse, synthesize and review information.
  • Provide technical guidanceand support.
  • Make recommendations, on how to enhance engagement, actions and coherence under and outside the Convention, including on how to mobilize resources and expertise at different levels.

Which international imitative publishes ‘Strangers to Justice’ Report?

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Answer:

Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative publishes ‘Strangers to Justice’ Report.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • Delhi High Court ordered the Ministry of External Affairs and authorities of the Central government to have “speediest communication with the embassy of the respective countries of the foreign inmates who are in jail”.

‘Strangers to Justice’ Report

  • The report is to document and examine the challenges faced by foreign national prisoners(FNPs) in India.
  • The report addresses problems related to the arrest, imprisonment, consular access, deportation and repatriationof FNPs.
  • It seeks to bring to the fore the ways in which the existing system is inadequate in dealing with FNPs’ issues.
  • The report also reviews and revises the existing guidelines that govern the detention and deportation of foreign nationals in India.
  • It highlights the existing system as ‘a chaotic network of systems’ that intricately intertwines immigration law and criminal law making it complicated.

Who are FNPs?

  • FNPs refer to prisoners who do not carry the passport of the countryin which they are imprisoned.
  • They are entitled to the basic minimum guaranteesas enshrined and carefully set out in the Constitution of India.

Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence (RACE) is the initiative launched by which state Government of India?

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Answer:

Government of Rajasthan launched Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence or RACE initiative as a higher education model.

Enrich Your Learning:

Resource Assistance for Colleges with Excellence or RACE:

  • To rationalise the availability of resources, the Government of Rajasthanlaunched a higher education model for distribution of faculties and movable assets among the government colleges at the district level.
  • The model will create a pool for sharing of facilities which will benefit the colleges lacking infrastructure.
  • The model will provide teachers on deputationand facilities such as projectors, digital libraries, equipment and technicians.
  • This can help thecolleges situated in small towns facing shortage of faculties and infrastructure.
  • The model effectively decentralises the decision-making power of collegesand encourage them to share physical and human resources within the district.

Mekong–Ganga Cooperation initiative was launched by which countries?

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Answer:

Mekong–Ganga Cooperation initiative was launched by India and five ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries including Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC):

  • Mekong-Ganga Cooperation is an initiative by six countries – India and five ASEAN countries for cooperation in tourism, culture, education, as well as transport and communications.
  • The initiative was launched in 2000 at Vientiane, Lao PDR.
  • MGC initiative aims to facilitate closer contacts among the people inhabiting these two major river basins.
  • It is also indicative of the cultural and commercial linkages among the member countries of the MGC down the centuries.
  • The initiative also includes the MGC Asian Traditional Textile Museum (MGC ATTM) in Siem Reap, Cambodia and the Common Archival Resource Centre (CERC) at Nalanda University, Rajgir.
  • India also offers a large number of scholarships for MGC countries.

What is Malai Poondu and why it was in the news?

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Answer:

Malai Poondu is a garlic variety from Tamil Nadu, which recently received a GI tag.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Malai Poondu Garlic?

  • Malai Poondu Garlic is indigenous to Kodaikanal hill station of Tamil Nadu. It is a pungent, raindrop shaped garlic bulbs. Recently, it has earned the Geographical Indication (GI)tag for its unique features.
  • The uniqueness of Malai Poondu is attributed to the hills altitude, soil conditions and overall climatic conditions of the region like rainfall, temperature and rainfall.
  • Organosulphur compounds phenols and flavinoidsimpart antimicrobial and antioxidant characteristics and thus is widely used as a medicine and as a preservative. Malai Poondu Garlic is used to treat medical conditions like body pains, digestive problems etc.
  • Nilgiri Tea, Madurai Jasmine and Erode Turmeric are some examples of agriculture products from Tamil Nadu to receive GI tag.

Key Fact

  • The state with the highest number of GI tags is Karnataka (42).

Innovating for Clean Air initiative was recently launched by India and UK in which Indian city?

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Answer: 
The Innovating for Clean Air initiative was launched in Bengaluru, Karnataka. 

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Innovating for Clean Air (IfCA) initiative?

  • The Innovating for Clean Air initiative(IfCA) is a 2 year India-UK joint initiative in Bengaluruto test interventions related to air quality and its success.
  • It provides a unique air quality measurement system by integrating satellite imageries and sensor data.
  • At the same time, the UK will help India towards a smoother transition to electric vehicles.
  • This initiative is led by INNOVATE UK, a part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)and will be funded by Newton Fund. The other resources will be contributed by Karnataka.
  • Key Partners:Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Project Lithium, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), C 40 Cities, Clean Air Platform and Enzen.

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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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