The United Nations Security Council consists of 10 non-permanent members.
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Why is it news?
- India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for a two-year term was endorsed by the 55-member Asia-Pacific grouping, including China and Pakistan in June 2019.
- India will need the vote of two-thirds of the 193 UN General Assembly members to win a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.
Election of five non-permanent members of UNSC
- The General Assembly of United Nations increased the number of non-permanent members of the Security Council from 6 to 10 in 1965.
- The Security Council consists of five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years.
- Each year the 193-member General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term at the UN high-table.
The 10 non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis:
- Five for African and Asian States;
- One for Eastern European States;
- Two for the Latin American and Caribbean States;
- Two for Western European and other States.
- The five permanent members of the Council are China, France, Russia, UK and the US.
- India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the Council for the years 1950–1951, 1967–1968, 1972–1973, 1977–1978, 1984–1985, 1991–1992 and in 2011–2012.
- India has been keen to hold the seat in 2021-22 to coincide with the 75th anniversary of Independence in 2022.
- India will be hosting the G-20 meeting in 2022.