Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-5] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Bering Sea; Garuda VI military exercise; Impressed tortoise; Country of Particular Concern (CPC); Surjit Bhalla Committee; Location of Mauritania; Goa Liberation movement; Election of five non-permanent members of UNSC; Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI); Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
By IASToppers
March 10, 2020

 

 

 

The Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is located close to which port city in Andhra Pradesh?

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Answer:

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is located close to the port city of Kakinada.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why is it news?

  • The government has begun the process to get UNESCO’s World Heritage Site status for Godavari Mangroves at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • It is situated near the Rajahmundry, close to River Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. It is nestling on the deltaic branches of Gouthami and Godavari Rivers at Kakinada Bay.
  • Its main wildlife attractions are Golden Jackal, Sea turtle, Fishing cat, Estuarine Crocodile, Small Blue Kingfisher, Cattle Egret.
  • It is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India and has 24 mangrove tree species and more than 120 bird species.
  • The sanctuary is a part of the Godavari estuary and has extensive mangrove and dry deciduous tropical forest.
  • Endangered species such as long billed vulture and spot billed pelican, white ibis and other birds are nesting in the sanctuary.
  • It is home to the critically endangered white-backed vulture and the long billed vulture.

 

 

 

The ‘Directorate of Revenue Intelligence’ works under the aegis of which Ministry?

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Answer:

Ministry of Finance

Enrich Your Learning:

Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI)

  • The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence is the apex anti-smuggling agency of India.
  • It works under the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
  • The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence was constituted on 4th December 1957.

Functions:

  • It detects and curbs smuggling of contraband, including drug trafficking and illicit international trade in wildlife and environmentally sensitive items.
  • It also combats commercial frauds related to international trade and evasion of Customs duty.
  • It deals exclusively with the work relating to the collection and study of information on smuggling activities and the deployment of all anti-smuggling resources at the all India level.

Features of the organization:

  • It is designed to collect and collate information and to strike swiftly.
  • Although small, it is a high-powered organization so that it can issue instructions to Collectors and can command the confidence and respect of the other State and Central organizations.

 

 

 

How many non-permanent members are in the United Nations Security council?

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Answer:

The United Nations Security Council consists of 10 non-permanent members. 

Enrich Your Learning:

Why is it news?

  • India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for a two-year term was endorsed by the 55-member Asia-Pacific grouping, including China and Pakistan in June 2019.
  • India will need the vote of two-thirds of the 193 UN General Assembly members to win a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.

Election of five non-permanent members of UNSC

  • The General Assembly of United Nations increased the number of non-permanent members of the Security Council from 6 to 10 in 1965.
  • The Security Council consists of five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years.
  • Each year the 193-member General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term at the UN high-table.

The 10 non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis:

  • Five for African and Asian States;
  • One for Eastern European States;
  • Two for the Latin American and Caribbean States;
  • Two for Western European and other States.

Key Facts

  • The five permanent members of the Council are China, France, Russia, UK and the US.
  • India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the Council for the years 1950–1951, 1967–1968, 1972–1973, 1977–1978, 1984–1985, 1991–1992 and in 2011–2012.
  • India has been keen to hold the seat in 2021-22 to coincide with the 75th anniversary of Independence in 2022.
  • India will be hosting the G-20 meeting in 2022.

 

 

 

What was the purpose of Goa Liberation movement?

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Answer:

Ending the Portuguese colonial rule in Goa.

Enrich Your Learning:

Goa Liberation movement

  • The Goa liberation movement was a movement which was aimed at ending Portuguese colonial rule in Goa.
  • The movement built on the small scale revolts and uprisings of the 19th century.
  • Between 1852 and 1912, fourteen different rebellions were sprung by the locals against the Portuguese. Such as Dipaji Rane, who carried the fight for four years and was able to extract several leniencies from the Portuguese.
  • The Portuguese also imposed press censorship, suspension of laws and autocratic rule of the Governor of Goa.
  • It was only after India gained her independence that Nationalists based in Goa and Bombay began to make a concerted effort to persuade the Indian Government to take necessary action to integrate Goa with the rest of the Indian Union.
  • The movement was conducted both inside and outside Goa and was characterized by a range of tactics including nonviolent demonstrations, revolutionary methods and diplomatic efforts.
  • In 1946, socialist leader Ram Manohar Lohia called for a gathering of Goans in Madgao to agitate against the suspension of civil liberties. However, the Portuguese dispersed the crowds arrest Lohia.
  • After 1946, the Portuguese tightened the control against the Satyagrahis, but leaders like T.B. Cunha kept the movement alive.
  • After India became free, the Government of India lobbied the Government of Portugal very hard to relinquish Goa but the efforts were ignored.
  • Many organizations were started to liberate Goa. Some of these organizationa were Azad Gomantak Dal, the United Front of Goans, the Goa Liberation Council, the Goan People’s Party, and the Quit Goa Organization.
  • Since Portugal was a part of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Indian government was not ready to get into a conflict with a NATO nation.
  • In 1961, at the Afro-Asian Conference in Delhi, India’s stance on Goa was questioned and in November 1961, the Portuguese provoked India by killing one fisherman and tried to pull out villagers and take them hostage.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet ordered military ‘Operation Vijay’ to capture Goa after which Portuguese Governor General Vassalo da Silva freed Goa on 18 December and on December 19th 1961, Goa became a part of India.
  • Hence, since 1961, 19 December is celebrated as Goa Liberation Day.

 

 

 

Mauritania is an African nation. True or False?

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Answer:

True.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Mauritania

  • Mauritania is located in the North-western part of continent Africa. It is the 29th largest nation in terms of land area.
  • Mauritania shares land borders with 4 countries: Mali, Algeria, Senegal, Western Sahara
  • Mauritania is one of Africa’s poorest of countries.
  • Much of the population depends on farming and livestock for their income.
  • There are extensive deposits of iron ore, accounting for about 50% of the country’s exports.

 

 

 

 

Which committee recommended the creation of Elephant Bonds in India?

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Answer:

Surjit Bhalla Committee

Enrich Your Learning:

Surjit Bhalla Committee

  • High Level Advisory Group (HLAG) headed by Dr. Surjit S. Bhalla was constituted by the Department of Commerce.
  • It has made several recommendations for boosting India’s share and importance in global merchandise and services trade.
  • The Committee has recommended “Elephant Bonds” as a specialised security product providing funds towards Long Term Infrastructure.

The group recommended

  • Increasing capital base of EXIM Bank by another Rs 20,000 crore by 2022.
  • Setting up of empowered investment promotion agency and seeking inputs from industry and MSMEs before signing free trade agreements (FTAs) and sensitising them of its benefits.
  • Creation of Elephant bonds.
  • Simplification in medical visa regime, setting up of a Pan-India tourism board, to promote tourism and medical value tourism.
  • Abolishing Essential Commodities Act and the APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee), to promote agriculture exports.
  • Modification in labour laws (like the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947) to remove limitation on firm size and allow manufacturing firms to grow.
  • Lowering effective corporate tax rate.
  • Bringing down cost of capital and simplifying regulatory and tax framework for foreign investment funds.

Elephant Bonds

  • The panel has recommended the government to create “Elephant Bonds” in which people declaring undisclosed income will be bound to invest 50 per cent.
  • The fund will be utilised only for infrastructure projects.

 

 

 

The status of ‘Country of Particular Concern’ is designated by which organisation?

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Answer:

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) designated countries as Country of Particular Concern.

Enrich Your Learning:

Country of Particular Concern (CPC)

  • CPC is a designation given by the US Secretary of State of a nation guilty of particularly severe violations of religious freedom under the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998.
  • The US State Department’s annual Report on International Religious Freedom designate the countries as CPC officially.
  • The 12 countries on United States Commission on International Religious Freedom’s (USCIRF’s) Tier 2 list are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Laos, Malaysia, and Turkey.
  • USCIRF’s Tier 2 refers to such religious freedom conditions which do not rise to the statutory level of CPC designation but require close monitoring due to the nature and extent of violations of religious freedom.

 

 

 

A new species of tortoise called – ‘Impressed Tortoise’ was found first time in India in which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • Wildlife experts have discovered the Impressed Tortoise also known as the Manouria impressa near Yazali of Lower Subansari district in Arunachal Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why is it in news?

  • A male and a female species of the Impressed Tortoise were discovered in June 2019.
  • This has increased the total number to 29 species of non-marine chelonians and five tortoises in the country.

Impressed tortoise

  • The Impresses Tortoise was discovered for the first time (2019) in India. It is one of just 4 species of native land tortoise occurring in Southeast Asia.
  • The Impressed Tortoise measures one feet, and has a “brilliant spine” bent upwards and serrated.
  • It was believed to be restricted to western Myanmar, along with pockets of habitat in Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, and southern China, and south through Peninsular Malaysia.
  • The species has a golden brown shell and skin.
  • Adults are much smaller than their relatives the Asian forest tortoise (Manouria emys).
  • Females are larger than males, and they lay around 20 or so eggs in a shallow scrape, which is then covered with a mound of leaf litter and some loose soil.
  • It lives at high elevations, up to 2, 000 m.
  • Its behaviour is little known; diet in the wild may consist largely of mushrooms, although bamboo shoots are also eaten.

Key Facts:

  • Tortoises differ from turtles on account of being terrestrial animals.

 

 

 

The Garuda military exercise is held between which nations?

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Answer:

India and France

Enrich Your Learning:

About Garuda VI military exercise:

  • The Indian Air Force and French Air Force participated in a bilateral air exercise Garuda VI at Mont de Marsan in France.The last exercise, ‘Garuda V’ was held at Air Force Station Jodhpur in 2014.
  • Garuda exercise, held since 2003, is a part of Indo-Pacific cooperation of the two nations.
  • The Garuda exercise is alternately held in France and India.

 

 

Alaska and Russia are separated by which water body?

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Answer:

Alaska and Russia are separated by the Bering strait.

Enrich Your Learning:

Bering Sea

  • Bering sea is the northernmost part of the Pacific Ocean, separating the continents of Asia and North America.
  • Bering sea is bordered in the west by Russia and the Kamchatka Peninsula; in the south by the Aleutian Islands, and in the east by
  • The sea is located just to the south of the Arctic Circle and upwards it ends in the Bering strait.
  • The sea is named for Russian mariner Vitus Bering, who first spotted the Alaskan mainland in the mid-18th century.
  • The Bering Sea is one of the world’s most productive fishing grounds.
  • It produces huge quantities of king crab, salmon and other varieties of fish. Also many species of whales, walrus, and millions of seabirds are seen there in quantities.

Bering Strait

  • Bering strait is the northern edges of the Bering Sea.
  • It is a somewhat narrow sea passage between the easternmost point of the Asian continent and the westernmost point of the North American continent.
  • This strait separates the United States and Russia by 85 km.
  • The official boundary between the United States and Russia lies at in the middle of the strait, are two islands – Big and Little Diomede.

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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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