Enrich Your Learning:
The Congress Socialist Party (CSP) was founded by radical and young Congressmen who during their long terms of imprisonment in the Civil Disobedience Movement came into contact with Marxist ideas.
- They had their reservation about Gandhi’s constructive programme.
- In April 1934, at Banaras, Sampurnananda published a pamphlet in which he stressed the need for the formation of an All India Socialist Party as a wing of the Congress.
- CSP was not a rival political organization but was launched “to work within the Congress, to strengthen it, to mould and shape its policies”.
- The Congress Socialists belonged to the westernized middle class. They were influenced by the ideas of Marx, Gandhi and the Social Democracy of the West. They practiced Marxian Socialism, Congress Nationalism and liberal democracy of the West.
- These leaders rejected the idea of Gandhi (which they saw as anti-rational). Though, they remained active in the workers and peasants movement, they rejected the sectarian attitude of the Communist Party of India.
- They were influenced by Marxism-Leninism. The members ranged from the advocates of arms struggle to nonviolent resistance.
- Congress Socialist Party preferred unity in national movement before its socialist inclination.