Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-53] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN); ‘Operation Sudarshan’; River Godavari; ‘Pharmexcil’; Meghalaya; Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS); Doklam; Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCIL) Portal; Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Products Pipeline; POSHAN Abhiyaan;
By IASToppers
May 01, 2020

What is the objective of POSHAN Abhiyaan and which ministry is implementing it?

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POSHAN Abhiyaan is a programme to improve the nutritional outcomes among children and women. Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing it.

Enrich Your Learning:

POSHAN Abhiyaan:

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is the flagship programme of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) to improve the nutritional intake and outcomes for children and female population by leveraging technology.
  • It includes Community based events and incentivising states/UTs for achieving goals.
  • It contains awareness and community mobilization for nutritional intake and its benefits.
  • All districts of 36 states and UTs including Tamil Nadu has been covered in phased manner

Aim of POSHAN Abhiyan:

  • Reduce stuntingin children (0-6 years)
  • Reduce under-nutrition (under-weight)in children (0-6 years)
  • Low birth weightat 2% per annum
  • Educe anaemiain young children (6 – 59 months) and in women + adolescent girls at 3% pa.

UNICEF will provide technical support to POSHAN Abhiyaan under country programme 2018-2022.

Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Products Pipeline is a joint initiative between India and which other country?

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Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Products Pipeline is between India and Nepal.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Products Pipeline?

  • ‘Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Products Pipeline’ is a 69-km long petroleum pipeline from Motihari in Bihar to Amelkhgunj in Nepal and has been constructed by India.
  • The Motihari-Amlekhgunj pipeline will help in tackling the oil storage problem in Nepal and doing away with the transportation of petroleum products through tankers. 
  • The Motihari-Amlekhgunj oil pipeline project was first proposed in 1996.
  • The commercial operation of the oil project will also ensure a reduction in fuel prices.



PENCIL portal aims at achieving the target of 100% literacy rate in India. True or False.

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Correct statement:

PENCIL portal aims at achieving the target of child labour free society.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is PENCIL portal?

  • The Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCIL) Portal was launched at the National Conference on Child Labour organised by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • The PENCIL is an electronic platform that aims at involving Centre, State, District, Governments, civil society and the general publicin achieving the target of child labour free society. 
  • The Standing Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the enforcement of legal framework against child labour was also launchedand the SOP is aimed at creating a ready reckoner for trainers, practitioners and monitoring agencies to ensure complete prohibition of child labour and protection of adolescents from hazardous labour ultimately leading to Child Labour Free India.

Components of the PENCIL inititave

Child Tracking System, Complaint Corner, State Government, National Child Labour Project and Convergence.


What is the strategic significance of the Doklam region for Indian army?

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  • Doklam is an area comprising a plateau and a valley at the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. Doklam’s geographical position makes it a strategically important area as it is located between Tibet’s Chumbi valley to the North, Bhutan’s Ha valley to the East and India’s Sikkim state to the West.

Doklham is also strategically located close to the Siliguri Corridor, which connects mainland India with its north-eastern region. The corridor, also called Chicken’s Neck, is a vulnerable point for India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Doklam

Where is Doklam located?

  • Doklam (or Zhonglan or Donglong) is a disputed area between China and Bhutan just like Jakarlung and Pasamlung.
  • It is an area with a plateau and a valley which lies on the Bhutan-China border, near India.

What is the India-China-Doklam issue?

  • China started constructing a road in the disputed area of Doklam, in 2018 and Bhutan asked for help from India and it sent the army to stop the construction. 
  • The military standoff at the area lasted more than two months and after diplomatic conversations between the two sides, both countries agreed to withdraw troops from the region.

Why is the region important for India, China and Bhutan?

  • The area of Doklam carries a huge military advantage.
  • The access to the Tri-junction area (via road from Doklam) would facilitate China to easily transport war machinery such as tanks and vehicles to the border of India.
  • During a war, China will have an upper hand at conquering the Chickens Neck of India as well as the whole of the North-Eastern region of the country.
  • The Chickens Neck is the small area which connects the North East to the rest of India.

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) comes under the aegis of which Ministry of India?

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Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

Enrich Your Learning:

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  • BIS is established as the National Standards Body of Indiaunder the BIS Act, 2016.
  • It is under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS.
  • It is a corporate bodyand its 25 members are drawn from Central or State Governments, industry, scientific and research institutions, and consumer organisations
  • The main objectives of BIS is harmonious development of activities of Standardisationmarking and quality certification of goods.
  • The standards and certification scheme of BIS apart from benefitting the consumers and industry also support various public policies especially in areas of product safety, consumer protection, food safety, environment protection, building and construction, etc.
  • New thrust areas identified in standardization are (i) Alternate fuels (ii) E-mobility (iii) Medical Devices (iv) Smart Cities (v) Digital Technologies (e.g. Industry 4.0, Artificial Intelligence, Block Chain etc.) and (vi) New and Renewable energy.
  • It also works as WTO- Agreement on Technical Barriers to Tradeenquiry point for India.


  • The organisation was formerly the Indian Standards Institution(ISI), set up under the Resolution of the Department of Industries.
  • The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.


Which state has become the first Indian state to have its own water policy?

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Enrich Your Learning:

Meghalaya: First state to ensure water conservation

  • Meghalaya is the first state in India to ensure the conservation of water and have own water policyafter the draft policy was approved by the State Cabinet.
  • The draft State Water Policy which seeks to protect and improve management of water resources while actively involving the community.
  • It also aims at ensuring protection and conservation of catchment areas of all water sources to prevent degradation of the quantity and quality of water sources.

The objective of the policy

  • To recognize water resources as a common pool resource,
  • To provide safe and hygienic water for drinking,
  • Domestic and sanitation and livelihood development to all residents of the state.



The ‘Pharmexcil’ stands for:

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Pharmaceutical Export Promotion Council of India

Enrich Your Learning:


  • Pharmaceutical Export Promotion Council of India (Pharmexcil) was set up by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry in 2004.

Products and services falling under purview of Pharmexcil

  • Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)
  • Finished Dosage Forms (FDF)
  • Herbal/ Ayurveda
  • Unani
  • Siddha
  • Homeopathy
  • Biologics
  • Diagnostics
  • Surgicals
  • Nutraceuticals
  • Collaborative Research
  • Contract Manufacturing
  • Clinical Trials & Consultancy
  • Regulatory Services

Key Facts:

  • India’s pharmaceutical exports are expected to cross $20 billion by 2020.
  • India’s pharma exports grew 2.91% to $17.27 billion in 2017-18.
  • India’s pharma exports to the US and North America, which contribute to over 30% of the country’s outbound shipments, dropped in 2017-18.




Manjira River, Indravati River, Sabari River and Bindusara River are the major tributaries of which river?

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Godavari river.

Enrich Your Learning:

River Godavari:

  • The river Godavari is the largest of the peninsular rivers of India. The river is known as ‘Dakshin Ganga’.
  • It ranks as the second longest river in the country (after the Ganges). Godavari is one of the sacred river in India.


  • The river originates from near Trimbak in Nashik District of Maharashtra. After that the river runs towards the east, traversing the Deccan Plateau.
  • In the end, the river empties into the Bay of Bengalat Narasapuram in West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The Krishna Godavari catchment area is one of the principal nesting locations of the imperiled Olive Ridley Turtle.


  • Major tributaries of the river are as follows:
    • Manjira River
    • Indravati
    • Sabari River
    • Bindusara River
  • The Indravati, Pravara, Wardha, Wainganga, Kanhan, Pench, and Penuganga rivers flow a huge quantity of water into the Godavari River System.
  • The drainage basin of the river is present in six states of India: Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Orissa.



‘Operation Sudarshan’ was launched by which paramilitary force of Indian army? a) Central Reserve Police Force OR b) Border Security Force (BSF).

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‘Operation Sudarshan’ was launched by Border Security Force (BSF) of Indian army.

Enrich Your Learning:

Operation Sudarshan’:

  • ‘Operation Sudarshan’ is a massive exercise to fortify anti-infiltration gridalong Pak border in Punjab and Jammu.
  • The exercise is named ‘Sudarshan’ drawing from the legendary and mythological cutting wheel or the ‘sudarshan chakra’ on Lord Krishna’s finger.
  • The operation was launched on July 2019 and covered the entire over 1,000-kms length of the India-Pakistan International Border.
  • As part of the exercise, a huge assortment of heavy machinery, communication interceptors and mobile bulletproof bunkers have been mobilized.
  • The commanders of BSF will do many activities to strengthen the vigil along the sensitive and infiltration-prone border.
  • Activities under the operation include constructions of watch towers and sentry posts better, strengthen artillery positions, check and plug border fence breaches, detect underground and cross-border tunnels and make all operational and logistical arrangements.


After Assam, which Indian state recently announced to prepare a ‘Register of Indigenous Inhabitants (RIIN)’?

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After Assam, Nagaland government announced to set up a register of indigenous inhabitants.

Enrich Your Learning:

Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN):

  • The Nagaland government will prepare a register of all the indigenous inhabitants of the state.
  • The aim to prepare RIIN is to prevent fake indigenous inhabitants’ certificates. It will prevent issuance of indigenous inhabitant certificates to ineligible persons.
  • Only those persons who names will figure in the RIIN will be issued indigenous inhabitant certificate.
  • The RIIN will be the master list of all indigenous inhabitantsof the state.

Procedure of the RIIN:

  • The database will note each family’s original residence, current residence as well as the concerned Aadhaar numbers.
  • The provisional lists prepared would be published in the villages and wards, as well as on the website of the district and the state government on September 11.
  • After finalization, each indigenous inhabitant will be given a unique ID.
  • All indigenous inhabitants of the state would be issued a barcoded and numbered Indigenous Inhabitant Certificate.

Key Facts:

  • The process will be conducted across Nagaland and will be done as part of the online system of Inner Line Permit (ILP), currently in force in Nagaland.
  • In case anyone who is left outof the RIIN, he/she will need to file an application before Home Commissioner who will get the matter verified and take necessary action for updating the RIIN if needed.
  • After Assam, Nagalandgovernment announced to set up a register of indigenous inhabitants.



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