- Doklam is an area comprising a plateau and a valley at the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. Doklam’s geographical position makes it a strategically important area as it is located between Tibet’s Chumbi valley to the North, Bhutan’s Ha valley to the East and India’s Sikkim state to the West.
Doklham is also strategically located close to the Siliguri Corridor, which connects mainland India with its north-eastern region. The corridor, also called Chicken’s Neck, is a vulnerable point for India.
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Location of Doklam
Where is Doklam located?
- Doklam (or Zhonglan or Donglong) is a disputed area between China and Bhutan just like Jakarlung and Pasamlung.
- It is an area with a plateau and a valley which lies on the Bhutan-China border, near India.
What is the India-China-Doklam issue?
- China started constructing a road in the disputed area of Doklam, in 2018 and Bhutan asked for help from India and it sent the army to stop the construction.
- The military standoff at the area lasted more than two months and after diplomatic conversations between the two sides, both countries agreed to withdraw troops from the region.
Why is the region important for India, China and Bhutan?
- The area of Doklam carries a huge military advantage.
- The access to the Tri-junction area (via road from Doklam) would facilitate China to easily transport war machinery such as tanks and vehicles to the border of India.
- During a war, China will have an upper hand at conquering the Chickens Neck of India as well as the whole of the North-Eastern region of the country.
- The Chickens Neck is the small area which connects the North East to the rest of India.