National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
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‘Pashu Aadhaar’ or Animal UID
- A numerical databasejust like Aadhaar cards, which carry a 12-digit number that establishes the unique identity of every citizen of India, will now be available for animals.
- This unique identification number will track the population of
- It will assign a unique identification number to each animal, alongside a host of other related datathat will help in managing the country’s livestock resources.
- The Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) is being touted as the world’s largest existing database of animals.
- The ‘Pashu Aadhaar’ will be developed by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
- To enable proper identification of animals and traceability of their products like milk and meat.
- INAPH assigns a unique random identification numberto each animal, while capturing a host of data and information useful for the effective and scientific management of India’s livestock resources.
- Each animal will be provided a thermoplastic polyurethane ear tagbearing its 12-digit UID.
- It includes the data of species, breed and pedigree of the particular animal.
- Also information relating to its calving, milk production, artificial insemination (AI), vaccination and feeding/nutrition history.
INAPH is conducted in two phases:
- In the first phase, the country’s 94 million-odd productive “in milk” female cow and buffalo population- all indigenous, nondescript, crossbred as well as exotic milk animals would be covered.
- In the second phase, all bovines, including males, calves and heifers, old and stray animals will subsequently be covered.
Benefits of Pashu Aadhaar:
- Farmers, processors, animal husbandry department officials and healthcare professionals can devise appropriate strategies for livestock management.
- Animal identification and traceability mechanisms will help in diagnosis of zoonotic diseases and challenges in addressing them.
- In order to meet internationally-accepted sanitary and phytosanitary standards, a robust and comprehensive animal information system that allows traceability of products to their source is essential for Indian dairy and livestock industry.