Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-54] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

‘Pashu Aadhaar’ or Animal UID; Scheme for Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages (SPPEL); ‘Shahab-3’; Distance to Frontier; Agent Smith; TOI 270; ‘Pearl River Delta’; Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH); Tardigrades; ‘Operation Golden Victory’; Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI);
By IASToppers
May 02, 2020

What is the objective of Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

The Defence Technology and Trade Initiative is a flexible mechanism to ensure that senior leaders from India and the USA are persistently focused on the opportunities and challenges associated with the growing defence partnership.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is the Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)?

  • The Defence Technology and Trade Initiative is a flexible mechanismto ensure that senior leaders from India and the USA are persistently focused on the opportunities and challenges associated with the growing defence partnership.

What are the aims of DTTI?

  • Transform the bilateral defense relationship into one that is limited only by independent strategic decisions, rather than bureaucratic obstacles or inefficient procedures.
  • Strengthen India’s defense industrial base by moving away from the traditional “buyer-seller” dynamic toward a more collaborative approach.
  • Explore new areas of technological collaboration from science and technology cooperation through co-development and co-production and
  • Expand U.S.-Indian business ties.

 

 

What is Operation Golden Victory all about?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

It is Saudi Arabia led coalition attack on Yemen port Al-Hudaydah.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is ‘Operation Golden Victory’?

  • Originally known as the Battle of Al Hudaydah, it is a major Saudi-Arab led coalition’s attack on the port city Al Hudaydah in Yemen.
  • Its main aim is to dislodge Houthi forces from the port and to capture the city of Al Hudaydah.The port of Al Hudaydah is the way through which funds, weapons and ballistic missiles reach to Houthi forces.
  • It is the biggest battle of the three-year war in Yemen. It is spearheaded by the UAE and Saudi Arabia and is the largest battle since Saudi Arabia intervened in Yemen in 2015.

About Al Hudaydah located

  • It’s a port city located on the western coast of Yemen on the Red Sea.
  • The second biggest port in Yemen after the Aden Port.
  • It is also the majorpassage to the capital of Sanaa. With a population of 600,000, it is the third most populated city in Yemen.

 

 

Which microscopic creature was sent to the moon on Israel’s ‘Beresheet’ spacecraft?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

Tardigrades was sent to the moon on Israel’s ‘Beresheet’ spacecraft.

Enrich Your Learning:

Tardigrades

  • Tardigrades are the microscopic (1 mm or less in size) creatures. They are also called water bears or moss piglet.
  • They are considered to be close relatives of arthropods.
  • The animals have no known specialized organsof circulation or respiration; its body cavity (hemocoel) is filled with fluid that transports blood and oxygen.
  • They have four pairs of stubby legsand a front-end.
  • The most remarkable featureof the tardigrades is their ability to withstand extremely low temperatures and desiccation (extreme drying) including the frigid vacuum of space.
  • Under unfavourable conditions, they go into a state of suspended animationcalled the “tun” state—in which the body dries out and appears as a lifeless ball (or tun).
  • They can survive as tuns for years, or even decades, to wait out dry conditions.

Key Facts about tardigrades:

  • The tardigrades were part of a “lunar library” sent to the moon on Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft. That library was a project of the Arch Mission Foundation; a non-profit organization whose goal is to create a backup of planet Earth.
  • Beresheet attempted its landing in the Sea of Serenity in April 2019, but crashed there.

 

Which Indian authority is responsible for developing the Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Pashu Aadhaar’ or Animal UID

  • A numerical databasejust like Aadhaar cards, which carry a 12-digit number that establishes the unique identity of every citizen of India, will now be available for animals.
  • This unique identification number will track the population of 
  • It will assign a unique identification number to each animal, alongside a host of other related datathat will help in managing the country’s livestock resources.
  • The Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) is being touted as the world’s largest existing database of animals.
  • The ‘Pashu Aadhaar’ will be developed by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).

Objective:

  • To enable proper identification of animals and traceability of their products like milk and meat.

Features:

  • INAPH assigns a unique random identification numberto each animal, while capturing a host of data and information useful for the effective and scientific management of India’s livestock resources.
  • Each animal will be provided a thermoplastic polyurethane ear tagbearing its 12-digit UID.
  • It includes the data of species, breed and pedigree of the particular animal.
  • Also information relating to its calving, milk production, artificial insemination (AI), vaccination and feeding/nutrition history.

Phases:

INAPH is conducted in two phases:

  • In the first phase, the country’s 94 million-odd productive “in milk” female cow and buffalo population- all indigenous, nondescript, crossbred as well as exotic milk animals would be covered.
  • In the second phase, all bovines, including males, calves and heifers, old and stray animals will subsequently be covered.

Benefits of Pashu Aadhaar:

  • Farmers, processors, animal husbandry department officials and healthcare professionals can devise appropriate strategies for livestock management.
  • Animal identification and traceability mechanisms will help in diagnosis of zoonotic diseases and challenges in addressing them.
  • In order to meet internationally-accepted sanitary and phytosanitary standards, a robust and comprehensive animal information system that allows traceability of products to their source is essential for Indian dairy and livestock industry.

 

 

Pearl River Delta, a key global trading and industrial centre, is situated in which country?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

‘Pearl River Delta’ is situated in southern Guangdong province, China.

Enrich Your Learning:

Pearl River Delta’:

  • ‘Pearl River Delta’ is in southern Guangdong province, China.
  • It is one of the most crowded areas of China, where modern industry and agriculturehave been rapidly developed.
  • Over the past decades, the region has experienced an extraordinary economic growth and has become one of the key trading and industrial centres globally.
  • The booming cities of the Pearl River delta have become closely economically integrated with Hong Kong.

 

Recently discovered TOI 270 dwarf star is located in which constellation?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

TOI 270 dwarf star is located in the Pictor constellation.

Enrich Your Learning:

TOI 270:

  • TOI 270 is the dwarf star and the planetary system recently discovered by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).
  • TOI 270 is about 73 light years away from Earth and is located in the constellation (a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern) Pictor.

Members of TOI 270:

  • The dwarf star, 40 per cent smaller than the Sun in size and mass.
  • Three planets or exoplanets named TOI 270 b, TOI 270 c, and TOI 270 d.
  • TOI 270 b is the innermost planet. It is expected to be a rocky structure about 25 per cent bigger than Earth and is located too close to the star.
  • TOI 270 c and TOI 270 d are Neptune-like planets because their compositions are dominated by gases rather than rock.
  • TOI 270 d suspected to have a rocky core covered by a thick atmosphere.

About Pictor constellation:

  • Pictor or the Painter’s Easel is one of the 88 constellations modern astronomers have divided the sky into. It’s part of the Lacaille constellation family.
  • Pictor is a southern sky constellation. The brightest star in this constellation is Alpha Pictoris.
  • Beta Pictoris, Gamma Pictoris and Delta Pictoris are the other principle stars of the constellation.

Agent Smith, as recently seen in news, is a) Malware b) Advance spy-robot or c) Defence software.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

Agent smith is an advance malware mainly infecting Indian android mobile phones.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Agent Smith?

  • Agent Smith is a malware affecting the Indian android mobile phones. The malware can replace apps on android mobile phones with malicious versions.

Distance to Frontier is a key measure of which international ranking?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

Distance to Frontier is a key measure of the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business rankings.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is ‘Distance to Frontier’ score?

  • Distance to frontier score illustrates the distance of an economy to the “frontier,” which represents the best performance observed on each Doing Business topic across all economies and years included since 2005.
  • The distance to frontier scorehelps to understand the ease of doing the business environment of a country in absolute terms.
  • It is measured on a scale of 0 to 100 where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 the highest.

 

Which country successfully launched ‘Shahab -3’, a medium-range ballistic missile for the first time?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

The ‘Shahab-3’ is Iran’s first successful acquisition and development of a medium-range ballistic missile.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Shahab-3’

  • The Shahab-3 is a medium range ballistic missile modelled after the North Korean No Dong.
  • It is a liquid-fuelled, road-mobile ballistic missile.
  • Shahab-3 represents Iran’s first successful acquisitionand development of a medium-range ballistic missile with a range of about 1,300 km to 2000km.
  • The Shahab-3 uses an engine similar to that of the Scud missiles. It also employs the basic inertial navigation system guidance used in the ‘Scud’ missiles.
  • Since July 2003, the missile is believed to have been in operational use.

 

 

Which is the implementation authority for the Scheme for Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages (SPPEL)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore

Enrich Your Learning:

Scheme for Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages (SPPEL)

  • In 2014, the Government of India under the Ministry of Cultureinitiated SPPEL.
  • Under this scheme, all the mother tongues/ languages of India spoken by less than 10000 peopleare protected, preserved and documented by the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore.
  • University Grants Commission (UGC) is also providing financial assistance for creation of centres for endangered languagesat Central and State Universities.
  • The centres are to undertake research projects and works towards preservation of endangered languages.

 

 


Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
Tags

IT on Facebook

Facebook Pagelike Widget

Comments

Calendar Archive

September 2020
M T W T F S S
« Aug    
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930