World Economic Forum
Enrich Your Learning:
Drone Innovators Network:
- The Drone Innovators Network (DIN) began development at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, as a community of progressive governments
- Established to help overcome common challenges regulators are facing in enabling drones and unmanned aviation, such as how to enable beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) flights at scale, autonomous operations and flights over densely populated areas.
- Composition: Government aviation agencies, academics, and established drone entities.
- Inaugural Drone Innovators Network summit was held in Zurich in 2018.
India’s Drone Regulations:
India’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation announced the India’s first Civil Aviation requirements (CAR) for drones in 2018.
General Rules for Flying a Drone in India:
- All drones except those in the Nano categorymust be registered and issued a Unique Identification Number (UIN).
- A permit is required for commercial drone operations (except for those in the Nano category flown below 50 feet and those in the Micro category flown below 200 feet).
- Drone pilots must maintain a direct visual line of sightat all times while flying.
- Drones cannot be flown more than 400 feet
- Drones cannot be flown in areas specified as “No Fly Zones”, which include areas near airports, international borders, State Secretariat Complex in State Capitals, strategic locations, and military installations.
- Permission to fly in controlled airspace can be obtained by filing a flight plan and obtaining a unique Air Defense Clearance (ADC)/Flight Information Center (FIC) number.
Drone Categories in India:
Registration is required for all but the Nano category.
- Nano: Less than or equal to 250 grams
- Micro: From 250 grams to 2kg
- Small: From 2kg to 25kg
- Medium: From 25kg to 150kg
- Large: Greater than 150kg
Required Drone Equipment in India
India has specific requirements regarding the types of features a drone must have to be flown in India (excluding those in the Nano category). These mandatory requirements include:
- GPS (Global Positioning System)
- Return-to-home (RTH)
- Anti-collision light
- ID plate
- A flight controller with flight data logging capability
- Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) and SIM/No Permission No Takeoff (NPNT)