Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-57] Static Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Mahila Police Volunteers; Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities; Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED); Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP); Central Water Commission (CWC); Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS); Kamarajar Port Limited; Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix); Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR); Index of Industrial Production (IIP);
By IASToppers
May 05, 2020

Who releases Index of Industrial Production (IIP)?

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Answer: Central Statistics Office

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by CSO every monthin the form of Quick Estimates with a time-lag of 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF.

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Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by CSO every monthin the form of Quick Estimates with a time-lag of 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF.
  • The base year of all-India IIP was revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12and the new series was launched in 2017.
  • IIP is compiled using secondary data received from 14 source agenciesin various ministries/departments or their attached/subordinate offices.
  • Apart from breakup of the index in three sectors, viz., mining, manufacturing and electricity, the estimates are also simultaneously released as peruse-based classification viz., primary goods, intermediate goods, infrastructure construction goods and consumer durables and consumer non-durables.
  • The Quick Estimates are subsequently revised as first Revision after one month from release on receipt of updated production data from the 14 source agencies.
  • Subsequently, the indices are againrevised after two months from first Revision. 
  • The major source of data for IIP is the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion that supplies data for 322 out of 407 item groups with a weight of 47.54 percent in overall IIP.

Who among the following is the chairman of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR): (a) Prime Minister of India OR (b) Minister of Science & Technology?

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Answer: Prime Minister of India

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Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, (CSIR) constituted in 1942is an autonomous body which is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas.
  • Having pan-India presence,CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 innovation complexes and 5 units.
  • Its R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4000 active scientistssupported by about 7000 scientific and technical personnel. 
  • It covers a wide spectrum of science and technology—from radio and space physics, oceanography, earth sciences, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
  • It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, leather, and farm and non-farm sectors.
  • CSIR is the nation’s custodian for measurement standards of mass, distance, time, temperature, current, etc.
  • It has created and is the custodian of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)which is a powerful weapon against unethical commercial exploitation of Indian traditional knowledge.
  • It maintains Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC) and Gene Bank.
  • Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement,CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains.

Which is the commercial wing of the Indian space agency for marketing Indian space
capabilities: a) ANTRIX OR b) ATLAS?

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Answer: ANTRIX

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Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix)

  • Antrix Corporation Limited, the commercial arm of the Department of Space, is marketing the Indian space products and services in the global market.
  • Antrix offers a wide range of services from the space based systems through specific commercial contracts with other agencies, including foreign customers. 
  • Antrix is recognised as one of the prominent service providerin providing TTC support are well established with prominent international customers using our network of ground stations for meeting various mission requirements.
  • As part of PSLV launch servicesto international customer satellites, a dedicated customer satellite mission for Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL), UK viz, PSLV-C42 launched Nova SAR a 450 kg S-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite and S l4, a 450 kg optical imaging satellite.

Which is the first corporate port of India?

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Answer: Ennore Port

  • This port is now named as Kamarajar Port Limited.
  • It is first corporate port of India and is registered as a public company with 68% stake held by government.

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Kamarajar Port Limited

  • Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL), the 12th major portunder the Ministry of Shipping was commissioned in 2001, primarily as a coal port dedicated to handling thermal coal requirements of Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). 
  • Kamarajar Port Limited, formerly Ennore Port, is located on the Coromandel Coast about 18 km north of Chennai Port, Chennai.
  • KPL has the distinction of being the only corporate port amongst the major ports administered by the central government.
  • The port has 8 berths with a total capacity of 57.00 MTPA.

On which committee’s recommendation, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was set up?

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Answer:

  • The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was initially set up as a Cell in the DGCA in January 1978 on the recommendation of the Pande Committee.

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Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS)

  • The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was initially set up as a cell in the DGCA in 1978, to coordinate, monitor, inspect and train personnel in Civil Aviation Security matters.
  • It was reorganized into an independent Department in 1987.
  • BCAS is the regulator for civil aviation security in the countryand is responsible for laying down the standards for pre-embarkation security and antisabotage measures in respect of civil flights and ensuring their compliance through regular inspections and security audits.
  • Its main responsibility is to lay down standards and measures in respect of security of civil flights at international and domestic airports in Indiaand Indian aircraft operators at foreign airports.
  • The aim of BCAS is to safeguard civil aviation operations against acts of unlawful interferenceand it is the regulatory authority for discharging all relevant national and international obligations in respect of aviation security responsibilities which include, inter alia, planning and coordination of all aviation security related activities, operational emergencies and crisis management.
  • The BCAS has its headquarters in New Delhi and has nine regional offices at New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, and Amritsar, Guwahati, Hyderabad and Imphal airport.

Name the three different wings of Central Water Commission.

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Answer:

  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely, Designs and Research Wing (D&R),Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P) and River Management Wing (RM).

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Central Water Commission

  • Central Water Commission (CWC) is headed by a Chairman, with the status of an ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India.
  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely, Designs and Research Wing (D&R), Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P) and River Management Wing (RM).
  • Each wing comprises a number of units/ organizations and is responsible for the disposal of tasks and duties falling within the scope of functions assigned to it.
  • In order to achieve better management in the water resources sector and have better coordination with the state government departments, CWC has established 13 regional offices.
  • The offices are located at Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Nagpur, Patna, Shillong, Siliguri and Gandhi Nagar.
  • National Water Academy, the training institute of CWC, is located at Pune for training of central and state in-service engineers, NGO’s, etc.

Functions:

  • The Commission is entrusted with the general responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation of the State Governments concerned, schemesfor control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country, for purpose of Flood Control, Irrigation, Navigation, Drinking Water Supply and Water Power Development.
  • It also undertakes the investigations, construction and execution of any such schemes as required.

Which one among these global financial institutions provides financial support for Dam rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP): (a) AIIB OR (b) World Bank?

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Answer: World Bank

  • Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is the World Bank assisted project at an estimated cost of ₹ 2,100 crore with the provision of rehabilitation of about 223 large dams in the seven participating states (namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand) along with institutional strengthening component for participating states and Central Water Commission.

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Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)

  • Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is the World Bank assisted project at an estimated cost of ₹ 2,100 crore with the provision of rehabilitation of about 223 large dams in the seven participating states (namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand) along with institutional strengthening component for participating states and Central Water Commission.
  • In Odisha, 26 large dams are covered under DRIPfor rehabilitation including construction of an additional spill way for the Hirakud dam to address the hydrological safety.
  • In the 1990s, a World Bank assisted DSRP project was launched to rehabilitate 183 distressed dams.
  • In April 2012, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission embarked upon the 6-year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance.
  • The objective of the DRIP for India is to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams in the territory of the participating states.

Projects under DRIP:

  • Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA),a software tool for asset management has been developed to capture authentic data pertaining to all large dams to act as information repository.
  • It covers the monitoring and health information to regularly review the safety aspects of any dam.
  • Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS)is an interactive program to estimate Seismic Hazard at a point in South Indian region.

The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative by whom?

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Answer:

  • The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Developmentand the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

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Mahila Police Volunteers

  • The broad mandate of Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs) is to report to authorities/police the incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces.
  • Haryana has become the first state to operationalise theMahila Police Volunteers scheme.
  • It was launched jointly by the WCD Ministry and Haryana governmentin 2016 for the districts of Karnal and Mahendragarh in the state.
  • Other states are expected to follow the same soon.
  • Haryana inducted the first batch of 1000 Mahila Police Volunteers.
  • These volunteers have already been trained by the State Police Authoritieson their role and responsibility.
  • It envisages creation of a link between the police authorities and the local communities in villages through police volunteers who will be women specially trained for this purpose.
  • Under the scheme, the Mahila Police volunteer is required to mobilize community to form Mahila and Shishu Rakshak Dals (MASRD)to act as community watch groups.
  • The aim is to have a gender responsive police service with increased presence of female personnel within the police force and in community outreach.
  • The gap between Police and Civil society will be bridged by Mahila Police Volunteers initiative.
  • A Mahila Police Volunteer will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime against women.

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) has celebrated ‘World Honey Bee Day’ on: a) 19th August OR b) 21st August?

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Answer: 19th August

  • Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) has celebrated ‘World Honey Bee Day’on 19th August.

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Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)

  • The TRIFED was set up in 1987as a national level apex body under the Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 1984 (MSCS Act, 1984) After the enactment of the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 (MSCS Act, 2002) TRIFED is deemed to be registered under the latter Act and is also listed in the Second Schedule to the Act as a National Cooperative Society.
  • The bye-laws of TRIFED were revised in April, 2003in tune with the new Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 read with the Multi State Cooperative Societies Rules, 2002.
  • Under its revised mandate TRIFED has stopped bulk procurement in Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP) from tribals.
  • TRIFED now functions as a ‘market developer’ for tribal products and as ‘service provider’ to its member federations.

The Chief Commissioner for persons with disabilities is appointed under section 57 of which of the below Acts: (a) The Mental Health Act OR (b) The Persons with Disabilities (Equal opportunities, protection of Rights and full participation) Act?

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Answer: The Persons with Disabilities (Equal opportunities, protection of Rights and full participation) Act

  • The Chief Commissioner is an important statutory functionary,appointed under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

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Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

  • The Chief Commissioner is an important statutory functionary,appointed under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
  • The functions and duties of the Chief commissioner include:
  • Coordinating the work of state commissioners for persons with disabilities,
  • Monitoring of utilisation of funds disbursed by the central government,
  • Taking steps to safeguard rights and facilities made available to persons with disabilities and also to look into complaints with respect to deprivation of rights of persons with disabilities.
  • The Chief Commissioner can also take suo moto noticeof non-implementation of any rule, law,, meant for persons with disabilities and is vested with the powers of a civil court relating to summoning of witness, discovery, requisitioning and production of any document, etc.

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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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