Until the launch of a new body named African Union (AU), the Organisation of African Unity (1963-1999) carried out all the activities related to the peace, security, and stability of the continent.
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African Union (AU)
- The African Union (AU) is a continental bodyconsisting of the 55 member states that make up the countries of the African Continent.
- It was officially launched in 2002in Durban, South Africa as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity (1963-1999).
- The objective of AU is towards an Integrated, Prosperous and Peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.
- It inaugurated as a pan-African parliament in March 2004 – one of a number of proposed institutions. The body debates continent-wide issuesand advises AU heads of state.
- The AU believes that conflicts must be settled before there can be a chance of achieving prosperity. To this end, it set up a Peace and Security Councilin 2004. The council can deploy military forces in situations which include genocide and crimes against humanity.
- The AU oversees the New Partnership for Africa’s Development(Nepad), an anti-poverty blueprint which offers a bargain with the West: the promotion of good political and economic practice in return for more aid and investment.
- The OAU was established on May 25, 1963,and its activities included diplomacy (especially in support of African liberation movements), mediation of boundary conflicts and regional and civil wars, and research in economics and communications.
- The OAU was instrumental in bringing about the joint cooperation of African states in the work of the Group of 77.
- Chairman:rotate on annual basis
- Assembly:heads of state of member countries, meet at least once a year.
- It is the AU’s main decision-making body. Members of the assembly elect an AU chairperson.
- Executive Council:the foreign ministers of member states, who advise the assembly members.
- Commission:The administrative branch comprises 10 commissioners, who hold individual portfolios. The commission elects its chairperson to a four-year term.