Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-6] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Ambubachi Mela; Carbon quantum dots; IMEI number; Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR); Torres Strait; Chaukhandi Stupa; Eastern Economic Forum; Litchi; goAML; Hormozgan; Kani tribe
By IASToppers
March 11, 2020

 

 

The Kani tribe can be found in which region of India?

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Answer:

Kani tribe is the tribe from Western Ghats area of Kerala.

Enrich Your Learning:

Kani tribe

  • Kani tribe is a small nomadic community living in the Western Ghats area of Kerala, India.
  • Their use of the forest plant arogyapacha (trichopus zeylanicus) as a key ingredient in an herbal remedy called Jeevani was noted by visiting scientists in the 1980s.
  • Jeevani is known for its immunity-enhancing, liver-protective, anti-fatigue, and DNA-protective properties.
  • The formula was eventually developed as a commercial enterprise by Arya Vaidya Pharmacy, with the tribe’s Kerala Kani Welfare Trust receiving license fees and royalties.
  • A recently discovered species of tree-dwelling crab has been named Kani maranjandu after the tribe.

 

 

Hormozgan is located in which country? a) Iran OR b) Iraq

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Answer:

Iran

Enrich Your Learning:

Hormozgan:

  • Hormozgan Province is in Iran’s Region facing Oman and UAE.
  • The province has fourteen islands in the Persian Gulf and 1,000 km coastline.
  • The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros Range.
  • It has 11 ports, five national airports, and three international airports.

Major cities of the province:

  • Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Hajiabbad, Minab, Qeshm, Sardasht, Sirik, Jask, Bastak, Bandar Khamir, Parsian, Rudan, and Abumusa.

                               

 

 

The ‘goAML’ application is developed for which purpose and by which organisation?

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Answer:

To combat the global financial crime, the ‘goAML’ app is developed by Enterprise Application Center Vienna (EAC-VN).

Enrich Your Learning:

goAML

  • The goAML application is a fully integrated software solution developed specifically for use by Financial Intelligence Units (FIU’s) and is one of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s (UNODC) strategic responses to global financial crime.
  • It includes money laundering and terrorist financing.
  • goAML is an integrated database and intelligent analysis system developed by the Enterprise Application Center Vienna (EAC-VN) of UNODC.
  • goAML is specifically designed to meet the data collection, management, analytical, document management, workflow and statistical needs of any Finance Intelligence Unit.

The goAML application has three primary solutions:

  • Collection: data is submitted by Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) from banks and other financial institutions.
  • Analysis: rule-based analysis, risk-score, and profiling are performed by FIU analysts.
  • Data exchange:
  • The exchange of data is:
    • between the FIU and the intelligence agencies or juridical authorities (within the framework of the national coordination).
    • between the FIU and regional institutions (eg. through FIU.net) and international ones (eg. Egmont Secure web).
  • As FIUs are generally responsible for receiving, processing and analysing reports made by financial institutions or other entities, they play a leading role in any anti-money laundering regime.

UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

  • UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime.
  • It was established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention.
  • UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices.
  • It relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
  • It is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.

Objective:

  • To integrate and mainstream the gender perspective, particularly in its projects for the provision of alternative livelihoods, as well as those against human trafficking.

 

 

India is the largest producer of litchi in the World. True OR False.

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Answer:

False.

Correct statement:

  • India is the second largest producer of litchi in the World after China.

Enrich Your Learning:

Litchi:

  • It is an important sub-tropical evergreen fruit crop belonging to family Sapindaceae.
  • It is believed to have originated in China and in India, lychee was introduced in the 18th century through Burma.
  • India is the second largest producer of litchi in the World after China.
  • Bihar is the top litchi producing state in India and its contribution in the production of litchi is about 40 percent.
  • Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand are the major litchi growing states of the country.
  • Among fruit crops, litchi ranks seventh in area and ninth in production but is sixth in terms of value in India.
  • The national average productivity of litchi is much lower than the realizable yield of the crop under well managed condition.
  • The litchi requires specific climate for flowering and fruiting, Bedana and China have very thick skin and Rose Scented and Shahi have very thin skin.

Prominent types of Litchi:

  • Shahi, Ajhauli, China, Bedana, Bombai, Dehra Dun, Gulabi, Ellaichi, Longia, Kasba, Kaselia and Swarna Roopa.

 

 

Which country organises the Eastern Economic Forum since 2015?

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Answer:

Russia organises ‘Eastern Economic Forum’ since 2015.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • President of Russia invited Prime Minister of India to be the main guest for the Eastern Economic Forum at Vladivostok in September 2019.

Eastern Economic Forum

  • Eastern Economic Forum is an international forum held each year in Vladivostok, Russia.
  • The Forum was established by decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin in 2015 to support the economic development of Russia’s Far East.
  • It was also aimed to expand international cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • The Eastern Economic Forum focuses on strengthening ties between the international investment community, Russian business, and federal, regional, and local government bodies.
  • Far East Economic Forum is sponsored by the organizing committee appointed by Roscongress, an association of the Russian Government.

 

 

Chaukhandi Stupa’s octagonal shape was built by whom and on who’s order?

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Answer:

The Chaukhandi Stupa’s octagonal shape was built by Govardhan, the son of Todarmal, on order of Mughal emperor Akbar.

Enrich Your Learning:

Chaukhandi Stupa

  • Chaukhandi Stupa is a famous Buddhist Monastery. It is an important Buddhist stupa located at Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • The present shape of the Chaukhandi Stupa dates back to the 16th century.
  • In 1588, the stupa in an octagonal shape was built by Govardhan, the son of Todarmal, on order of Mughal emperor Akbar.
  • Archaeological Survey of India maintains this Monument.

History:

  • The stupa dates back to the Gupta Period.
  • Chaukhandi Stupa is the place where Lord Buddha and his first five apostles met while travelling from Bodhgaya to Sarnath.
  • The inscription in Persian Language over one of the doorways of the stupa says that Humayun, now residing in paradise, deigned to come and sit here one day. That’s why his son Akbar resolved to build on this spot a lofty tower reaching to the blue sky.

 

 

Name the strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea where the Pacific and Indian Oceans meet.

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Answer:

Torres Strait

Enrich Your Learning:

Torres Strait:

  • The Torres Strait is divided into five major island clusters.
  • It is the body of water between Australia and Papua New Guinea where the Pacific and Indian Oceans meet.
  • The dialects of Torres Strait are Kala Kawa Ya, Kala Lagau Ya and Meriam. It also includes the five aboriginal and islander communities (Bamaga, Seisia, Injinoo, Umagico and New Mapoon), on the Northern Peninsula Area of Cape York.

Five major island clusters are:

  • The Top Western Group (Boigu, Dauan and Saibai)
  • The Near Western Group (Badu, Mabuiag and Moa)
  • The Central Group (Yam, Warraber, Coconut and Masig)
  • The Eastern Group (Murray, Darnley and Stephen)
  • TI Group (Thursday, Horn, Hammond, Prince of Wales and Friday).

Significance of Torres Strait:

  • It is the only part of Australia with an active international border.

The Tagai:

  • Torres Strait Islanders are united by their connection to the Tagai, it reflects the stars and describe the Torres Strait Islanders as sea people.
  • The Tagai is the spiritual belief system that connects people to the order of the world, stating that everything has its place.

Key Facts:

  • The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia are the oldest continuous civilisation on earth.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are not one homogenous group as they are a diverse group of hundreds of nations (or cultural groups) and clans within those nations.
  • Torres Strait Islanders are of Melanesian origin and have differing identities, histories and cultural traditions to Aboriginal Australians.

 

 

 

Ambubachi Mel is celebrated in which state of India?

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Answer:

‘Ambubachi Mela’ is celebrated in Assam. It is celebrated for the menstruation of Mother Earth.

Enrich Your Learning:

Ambubachi Mela

  • Ambubachi Mela is celebrated every year during the monsoon season, which happens to fall in around the middle of the month of June.
  • Ambubachi Mela is the celebration of the menstruation of Mother Earth.
  • It is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi Kamakhya goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch.
  • Ambubachi or Ambubasi is derived from the Sanskrit term ‘ambuvachi’ which means ‘the issuing forth of water’.
  • The temple remains closed for the first 3 days.
  • During this time any kind of farming work is not taken on.
  • Daily worships and other religious performances are also stopped during the Ambubachi Mela of Guwahati in Assam.
  • On the fourth day, the devotees of the Goddess are allowed to enter the temple.

 

 

International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number is a code given to each country for identifying telecom infrastructure by International Telecommunication Union. True OR False.

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Answer:

False

Correct Statement:

  • International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number, is used to identify a device. It is a 15- or 17-digit code that uniquely identifies mobile phone sets.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why is it in news?

  • The Telecom Ministry is set to implement Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) which will comprise the database of IMEIs.

IMEI number:

 

  • International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number, is used to identify a device.
  • It is a 15- or 17-digit code that uniquely identifies mobile phone sets.
  • IMEI is an all-inclusive piece of code that has a lot of information including the country of manufacturing, manufacturer, and model number.
  • The IMEI number does not have a permanent subscriber relationship.

About Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR):

  • This will enable telecom consumers, who have lost their phones, would be able to inform the Department of Telecom (DoT) through a helpline number after filing a police report.
  • DoT will blacklist that particular IMEI number of the lost or stolen device by blocking that mobile device from accessing any cellular network in the future.
  • Apart from this, CEIR will focus on facilitating ‘IMEI-based lawful interception’.

 

 

What do you understand by the term ‘Carbon quantum dots’?

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Answer:

They are carbon-based nanomaterials whose size is less than 10 nm (nanometre).

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • A team of scientists in Assam has developed a chemical process that turns coal into a biomedical ‘dot’ to help detect cancer cells.
  • They developed a chemical method of producing carbon quantum dots (CQDs) from cheap, abundant, low-quality and high-sulphur coals.
  • The method was developed by such a process that uses environment-friendly reagents and less water than methods elsewhere.

Carbon quantum dots

  • Carbon-based nanomaterials are used as diagnostic tools for bio-imaging, especially in detecting cancer cells, for chemical sensing and in optoelectronics.
  • They were first obtained during the purification of single-walled carbon nanotubes through preparative electrophoresis in 2004.
  • There are diverse techniques to synthesize CQDs such as hydrothermal approach, microwave method etc.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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