Answer: Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems involving trees combined with crops and/or animals on the same unit of land.
Enrich Your Learning:
Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems involving trees combined with crops and/or animals on the same unit of land. It combines:
- Production of multiple outputs with protection of the resource base;
- Places emphasis on the use of multiple indigenous trees and shrubs;
- Particularly suitable for low-input conditions and fragile environments;
- It involves the interplay of socio-cultural values more than in most other land-use systems; and
- It is structurally and functionally more complex than monoculture.
Functional Classification of Agroforestry Systems:
- Two fundamental attributes of all AF systems are productivity and sustainability.
- Productive functions(producing one or more products):
- Other woods,
- Other products.
- Protective functions(protecting and maintaining production systems):
- Soil conservation,
- Moisture conservation,
- Soil improvement,
- Shade (for crop, animal and man)
Types of Agro forestry in non-forest areas:
- Farm Forestry: It refers to programmes which promote commercial tree growing by farmerson their own land. It is defined as the practice of forestry in all its aspects in and the around the farms or village lands integrated with other farm operations.
- Extension Forestry: It is the practice of forestry in areas devoid of tree growth and other vegetationsituated in places away from the conventional forest areas with the object of increasing the area under tree growth. It includes the following.
- Mixed forestry: It is the practice of forestry for raising fodder grass with scattered fodder trees, fruit trees and fuel wood trees on suitable wastelands, panchayat lands and village commons.
- Shelter belts: Shelter belt is defined as a belt of trees and or shrubs maintained for the purpose of shelter from wind, sun, snow drift, etc.
- Linear Strip plantations: These are the plantations of fast growing species on linear strips of land.
- Rehabilitation of Degraded forests: The degraded area under forests needs immediate attention for ecological restoration and for meeting the socio economic needs of the communities living in and around such areas.
- Recreation Forestry: It is the practice of forestry with the object of raising flowering trees and shrubs mainly to serve as recreation forests for the urban and rural population. This type of forestry is also known as Aesthetic forestry.