Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-63] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Shondol Dance; Microhyla eos; Sea of Azov; Marrakesh Accords; UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN); Narkelberia uprising; Digital Sky Platform; Drone 2.0 Framework; GenBank; World Development Report (WDR) 2020; Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities;
By IASToppers
May 11, 2020

The Chief Commissioner for persons with disabilities is appointed under which Act?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer: 

  • The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities isappointed under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

Enrich Your Learning:

Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

  • The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities is an important statutory functionary,appointed under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
  • The functions and duties of the Chief commissioner include:
  • Coordinating the work of state commissioners for persons with disabilities,
  • Monitoring of utilisation of funds disbursed by the central government,
  • Taking steps to safeguard rights and facilities made available to persons with disabilities and also to look into complaints with respect to deprivation of rights of persons with disabilities.
  • The Chief Commissioner can also take suo moto noticeof non-implementation of any rule, law,, meant for persons with disabilities and is vested with the powers of a civil court relating to summoning of witness, discovery, requisitioning and production of any document, etc.

 

The World Development Report (WDR) is published by which international institution?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

  • The World Development Report (WDR) is publishedby the World Bank.

Enrich Your Learning:

World Development Report (WDR) 2020

  • On October 8, 2019, World Bank (WB) released a report titled “World Development Report (WDR) 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains”. 

Key Points:

  • According to the report, Global value chains (GVCs) can help the developing economies to enhance growth.
  • GVC describes the people and activities involved in the production of a good or service and its supply, distribution, and post-sales activities when activities must be coordinated across geographies.
  • GVCs account for nearly 50% of trade worldwide.
  • Creation of the European single market(Along with China, India, and the Soviet Union) created a huge new product and labour markets, increasing the scope of GVCs.
  • The firms participating in global value chains in Ethiopiaare more than twice as productive as similar firms that participate in standard trade.
  • Regions in Mexico and Vietnam that participated more intensively in GVCs experienced greater reductions in poverty.

What is GenBank used for?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

The GenBank database is designed to provide and encourage access within the scientific community to the most up to date and comprehensive DNA sequence information. 

Enrich Your Learning:

GenBank

  • The GenBank sequence database is an open access, annotated collection of all publiclyavailable nucleotide sequences and their protein translations. 
  • This database is produced and maintained by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) as part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC).
  • The National Centre for Biotechnology Informationis a part of the National Institutes of Health in the United States.
  • GenBank is built by direct submissions from individual laboratories, as well as from bulk submissions from large-scale sequencing centres.

The Digital Sky platform is an initiative of Department of Telecommunications to grant permission for allocating bandwidth for Television programmes in India. True OR False.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer: False

Correct Statement: It is a novel system of software-based self-enforcement to minimize deviations from the Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR). It will enable the operators to fly drones. It will give permission to drone operators 24 hours prior to their planned flight.

 

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • In August 2018, India had announced the release of its Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR) to enable safe flying of drones in India.
  • The CAR detailed the obligations of operators, remote pilots/ users and manufacturers/ OEM for safe operations of RPAS and co-operative use of airspace.

Digital Sky Platform:

  • The Digital Sky Platform is a first of its kind that implements ‘no permission, no take-off’ (NPNT) – a novel system of software-based self-enforcement to minimize deviations from the CAR.
  • The regulation has to come in effect from December 1,allowing the industry time to ready them for the launch.
  • For micro and above categories, operators and pilots are required to register on the Digital Sky Portal.
  • The platform has begun accepting registrations of users.
  • Payments for Unmanned Aerial Operator’s Permit (UAOP) and Unique Identification Numbers (UIN) will be accepted through the Bharat Kosh portal.

Drone 2.0 Framework

  • The Minister for Civil Aviationhas constituted a task-force on the recommendation of Drone Policy 2.0 under the chairmanship of the Minister of State.
  • This task-force which is expected to release their final report by the end of this year.
  • Drone 2.0 frame work for RPAS are expected to include regulatory architecture for autonomous flying, delivery via drones and beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS)

 

Who was the leader of Narkelberia uprising who revolted against Zamindars and British colonial authorities in Bengal?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

  • Syed Mir NisarAli or Titu Mir was a peasant leader who led the Narkelberia Uprising (1782-1831) against Zamindars and British colonial authorities in Bengal.

Enrich Your Learning:

Narkelberia uprising

  • Syed Mir NisarAli or Titu Mir is a peasant leader who led the Narkelberia Uprising (1782-1831) against Zamindars and British colonial authorities in Bengal.
  • He constructed a fort of bamboo at Narkelberia and declared independence from the British administration.
  • He also foughtagainst Hindu landlords who imposed beard-tax on the Farizis.
  • Titu Mir inspired the Muslim tenants in West Bengal.
  • The revolt later merged intothe Wahabi movement.

Recently, which two Indian cities were declared as the UNESCO Creative City (UCCN)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

  • Mumbaiand Hyderabad have been included in UNESCO’s network of ‘Creative Cities’ on the occasion of World Cities Day 2019.

 

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • Mumbaiand Hyderabad have been included in UNESCO’s network of ‘Creative Cities’ on the occasion of World Cities Day 2019.
  • Mumbai has been designated as Creative City of Filmsand Hyderabad a Creative City of Gastronomy (study of the relationship between food and culture, the art of preparing and serving rich or delicate and appetizing food and the cooking styles of particular region.)

 

UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

  • The UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)was created in 2004 to promote cooperation with and among cities that have identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban development.
  • Objective: placing creativity and cultural industries at the heart of their development plans at the local level and cooperating actively at the international level.
  • UCCNcovers seven creative fields: Crafts and Folk Arts, Media Arts, Film, Design, Gastronomy, Literature and Music.
  • By joining the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN),the cities pledge to share their best practices and develop partnerships involving public and private sectors as well as civil society to strengthen creation, production, distribution and dissemination of cultural activities, goods and services.
  • The Indian cities Chennai (2017)and Varanasi (2015) are UNESCO cities of music.
  • Jaipur (2015)is the City of Crafts and Folk Arts.

Key facts:

  • The United Nations General Assembly has designated the 31st of October as World Cities Day.

Marrakesh Accords is the regulatory framework for the implementation of which protocol?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer: It is the regulatory framework for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol.

Enrich Your Learning:

Marrakesh Accords

  • The Marrakech Accords is a set of agreements reached at the 7th Conference of the Parties (COP7)to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), held in 2001, on the rules of meeting the targets set out in the Kyoto Protocol.
  • It is the regulatory framework for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol including the operational rules for the Protocol’s flexible mechanisms, a compliance system and detailed monitoring and reporting obligations.
  • The separate Marrakech Declaration of 15 April 1994,manifesting the Uruguay Round trade agreements and establishing the World Trade Organization, was also concluded and signed in Marrakech, Morocco.
  • The accord details the rules and procedures for meeting the emission reduction targets set in the Kyoto Protocol.

Give the location of Sea of Azov.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:

  • It is a sea in Eastern Europe.
  • To the south it is linked by the narrow Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea and it is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea.

Enrich Your Learning:

Sea of Azov

  • It is a sea in Eastern Europe.
  • To the south it is linked by the narrow (about 4 km or 2.5 mi) Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea and it is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea.
  • The sea is bounded in the north and in the west by Ukraine, in the east by Russia.
  • The Don and Kuban are the major riversthat flow into it.
  • The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world, with the depth varying between 0.9 and 14 metres.

 

The new species of frog, named as ‘Microphyla eos’, was recently discovered from which state?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer: The new species of frog, named as ‘Microphyla eos’, was discovered recently discovered from Arunachal Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Microhyla eos

Why in News?

  • Scientists have reported the discovery of a new species of frogfrom Arunachal Pradesh named ‘eos’, highlighting India’s amphibian diversity amid rising concerns over biodiversity loss.

About Microhyla eos:

  • The new species is named ‘eos’, after the mythological Greek goddess of dawnas Arunachal Pradesh is also popularly known as the Land of the Rising Sun or the Land of Dawn-lit Mountains.
  • It was discovered from riparian habitats in a primary evergreen forest in the Namdapha tiger
  • It is described as the 50th member of the genus Microhyla, a group of narrow-mouthed frogs commonly known as RiceFrogs or Chorus Frogs, widely distributed in Asia.
  • Microhyla eos strikingly differs from other narrow-mouthed Chorus frogs by its size, shape, and other morphological features.
  • What the scientists found surprising about the newly discovered species is its evolutionary relationship. DNA analysis revealed that the closest relatives of Microhyla eos are in Southeast Asia rather than in India.

Which Dance was used to perform by artists for King of Ladakh on special occasion?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

Answer:  Shandol Dance

  • Shondol, also known as the royal dance of Ladakh, was used to be performed by artists for King of Ladakhon special occasion.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Ladakhi Shondol dance has created history yet again by breaking into the Guinness book of world records as the largest Ladakhi dance.
  • Women artistsin traditional dresses performed gracefully the Shondol dance on the occasion of the Annual Naropa Festival.
  • The Buddhist carnival near the Hemis Monastery in Ladakhhas creating history as Shondol dance has broken the previous record of 299 artists dance in the 2018 festival.

About Shondol Dance:

  • Shondol, also known as the royal dance of Ladakh, was used to be performed by artists for King of Ladakhon special occasion.
  • It was performed near the 11th-century world-famous Hemis Monasteryin
  • It was organised by theLive to Love India, Drukpa Charitable Trust and Young Drukpa Association.
  • During the festival, it was not only focused on Zero usage of Plasticbut also sensitise the religious and community leaders on plastic waste management and recycling.

 


Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
Tags

IT on Facebook

Facebook Pagelike Widget

Comments

Calendar Archive

September 2020
M T W T F S S
« Aug    
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930