Answer: Latin America and the Caribbean
Enrich Your Learning:
In 1950, five years after the founding of the United Nations, world population was estimated at around 2.6 billion people.
In October 2011, the global population was estimated to be 7 billion. A global movement “7 Billion Actions” was launched to mark this milestone.
This dramatic growth has been driven largely by increasing numbers of people surviving to reproductive age, and has been accompanied by major changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization and accelerating migration.
Sixty-one per cent of the global population lives in Asia (4.7 billion), 17 per cent in Africa (1.3 billion), 10 per cent in Europe (750 million), 8 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean (650 million), and the remaining 5 per cent in Northern America (370 million) and Oceania (43 million).
China (1.44 billion) and India (1.39 billion) remain the two largest countries of the world, both with more than 1 billion people, representing 19 and 18 per cent of the world’s population, respectively.
The United Nations system has long been involved in addressing these complex and interrelated issues – notably, through the work of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the UN Population Division.
World Population Day is observed annually on 11 July. It marks the date, in 1987, when the world’s population hit the 5 billion mark.
‘Natural population growth’: this is the change in population as determined by births and deaths only. Migration flows are not counted.
Population growth rate: this is the change in population as determined by births, deaths plus migration flows.