Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-64] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS); Higher Education Finance Agency (HEFA); ‘Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC)’; Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for Sportspersons; Sports Authority of India (SAI); Food & Nutrition Board (FNB); Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS); Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC); Film and Television Institute of India; Press Council of India; National Press Day; Journalist Welfare Scheme; Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act;
By IASToppers
May 12, 2020

 

 

How does the Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act control the administration and management of the Dargahs across India?

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Answer:

  • Under Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act, the administration, control and management of the Dargah Endowment have been vested in a representative committee known as the Dargah Committee appointed by the central government.

Enrich Your Learning:

Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act

  • It is an Act to make provision for the proper administration of Dargah and Endowment of the Dargah Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishty (R.A.).
  • Under this central Act, the administration, control and management of the Dargah Endowment have been vested in a representative committee known as the Dargah Committee appointed by the central government.
  • The Dargah of Khwaja Moinud-din Chishti at Ajmer in Rajasthan is a Waqf of international fame.
  • It is being administered under the Dargah Khwaja Saheb Act, 1955.
  • With the help of the Government of India,the Ministry of Urban Development and with the active involvement of the government of Rajasthan through local administration, the Dargah Committee is implementing a scheme of providing lodging facilities for lakhs of pilgrims who visit the holy Dargah during the annual Urs.
  • The facility was earlier named “Vishram Sthali”and has been renamed “Gharib Nawaz Mehmankhana”.
  • The infrastructure is meant to provide facilities/ amenities to the zaireen of Dargah Khwaja Sahab.

 

 

 

 

 

Press Information of India can express its opinion in regard to any bill, legislation, law or other matters concerning the press and convey its opinion to the government. True OR False.

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Answer: True

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Press Council of India

  • The Press Council of India is a statutory quasi-judicial autonomous authoritymandated by the Parliament for the twin objective of preserving the freedom of the press and maintaining and improving the standards of newspapers and the news agencies in India exercising equal quasi-judicial functions over the authorities as well the press person.
  • It comprises a Chairman and 28 members. 
  • While the Chairman has, by convention, been a sittingor retired judge of the Supreme Court of India, of the 28 members, 20 represent various segments of the Press and eight overseeing the readers’ interest, are representatives of the two Houses of Parliament (3 Lok Sabha and 2 Rajya Sabha) and premier literary and legal bodies of the countrye., University Grants Commission, Bar Council of India and Sahitya Akademi. 
  • The Council has its own fundsfor performance of its functions under the Act that comprises the fee collected from newspapers, other receipts and also grants in-aid by from the central government.
  • The Press Council has the responsibility to preserve the freedom of the press and to maintain and improve the standards of newspapers and news agencies in the country.
  • There is also an advisory role on the Council in that it can, either suo-motuor on a reference made to it by the government under Section 13(2) of the Act, undertake studies and express its opinion in regard to any bill, legislation, law or other matters concerning the press and convey its opinion to the government or the persons concerned.
  • Also, in the matters of public importance concerning its statutory responsibilities, the Council may suo-moto take an on-the-spot inquiry.
  • The Council discharges its functions primarily through adjudications on complaint cases received by it, either against the press for violation of journalistic ethics or by the press for interference with its freedom.
  • Where the Council is satisfied, after inquiry, that a newspaper or a news agency has offended the standards of journalistic ethicsor public taste or that an editor or working journalist has committed any professional misconduct, the Council may warn, admonish or censure them or disapprove of their conduct. 
  • It is also empowered to make such observations as it may think fit in respect of the conduct of any authority, including Government, for interfering with the freedom of the press so prescribed under Section(4) the decisions of the Council are final and cannot be questioned in any court of law.

National Press Day:

  • The National Press Day is celebrated annually on November 16as a symbol of a free and responsible press in the country.

Journalist Welfare Scheme

  • A scheme of providing financial assistance to journalistsand their families facing acute financial hardship on account of serious ailment is being implemented by PIB which provides for one time ex-gratia relief on urgent basis.
  • The amount of such assistance, up to ₹ 5 lakhs, is extended tothe families of deceased journalist or in case of his permanent disability. 
  • Assistance up to ₹ 3 lakhsis also extended in case of ailments like cancer, renal failure, heart ailments,, and up to ₹ 2 lakhs in case of accidents requirement hospitalization.

 

 

Film and TV institute of India is located in which state: a) Pune OR b) Mumbai?

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Answer: Pune

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Film and Television Institute of India

  • The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) was set up in 1960.
  • Following the addition of Television wing in 1974, the Institute was redesignated as Film and Television Institute of India.
  • The Institute became a Society in October, 1974under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860.
  • The Society consists of eminent personalities connected with film, television, communication, culture, alumni of institute and ex-officio government members.
  • The Institute is governed by a Governing Council, headed by a Chairman.
  • The academic policies and plans of the Instituteis formulated by the Academic Council.
  • The matters involving finance are controlled by the Standing Finance Committee.
  • The Institute consists of two Wings, the Film wing and the TV Wing, and offers courses in both Film and Television.
  • It provides the latest education and technological experience in the art and technique of film making and television production.
  • In-service training is provided to officers of all grades of the Doordarshan and others.

 

 

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has designated Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) as the Tsunami Service Provider for the entire Indian Ocean Region. True OR False.

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Answer: True

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Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC)

  • The Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) kept the watch of all tsunamigenic earthquakes in and around the Indian Ocean and issued appropriate messages in the event of any threats from potential tsunamis.
  • It has the responsibility to provide tsunami advisories to Indian Mainland and the Island regions.
  • Acting as one of the Regional Tsunami Advisory service Providers(RTSPs) for the Indian Ocean Region, ITEWS also provide tsunami advisories to the Indian Ocean rim countries along with Australia & Indonesia.
  • ITEWC comprises a real-time seismic monitoring network of broadband seismic stations.
  • ITEWC is also receiving data in real time from 350 seismic stations, 50 tsunami buoys and 300 tide gauges established in the Indian as well as the other oceans by other countries and international agencies.
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(IOC) of UNESCO has designated ITEWC as the Tsunami Service Provider (TSP) for the entire Indian Ocean Region.
  • Since 2012, ITEWC is providing tsunami advisories and related services to about 25 countries.
  • Currently Warning Centre disseminates tsunami bulletins to various stakeholders through multiple dissemination modes simultaneously (Fax, Phone, Emails, GTS and SMS etc.).

 

 

On which committee’s recommendation, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was set up?

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Answer:

  • The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was initially set up as a Cell in the DGCA in January 1978 on the recommendation of the Pande Committee.

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Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS)

  • The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was initially set up as a cell in the DGCA in 1978, to coordinate, monitor, inspect and train personnel in Civil Aviation Security matters.
  • It was reorganized into an independent Department in 1987.
  • BCAS is the regulator for civil aviation security in the countryand is responsible for laying down the standards for pre-embarkation security and antisabotage measures in respect of civil flights and ensuring their compliance through regular inspections and security audits.
  • Its main responsibility is to lay down standards and measures in respect of security of civil flights at international and domestic airports in Indiaand Indian aircraft operators at foreign airports.
  • The aim of BCAS is to safeguard civil aviation operations against acts of unlawful interferenceand it is the regulatory authority for discharging all relevant national and international obligations in respect of aviation security responsibilities which include, inter alia, planning and coordination of all aviation security related activities, operational emergencies and crisis management.
  • The BCAS has its headquarters in New Delhi and has nine regional offices at New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, and Amritsar, Guwahati, Hyderabad and Imphal airport.

 

 

Food and Nutrition Board works under A) Ministry of Family and Health OR b) Ministry of Women & Child Development?

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Answer:

  • Food and Nutrition Board works under Ministry of Women and Child Development.

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Food & Nutrition Board (FNB)

  • The Food & Nutrition Board (FNB), set up in 1964, is an attached office of the Ministry of Women & Child Development and has a countrywide set up.
  • Originally with Ministry of Food, the FNB was shifted to Ministry of Women and Child Development (then Department of WCD) in 1993.
  • The FNB has a technical wing at the centre, 4 regional offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.
  • It is engaged in its conventional activities as well as in new initiatives undertaken as a follow up of National Nutrition Policy:
  • Nutrition Education and Orientation: Nutrition Education of the people in rural, urban and tribal areas is one of the primary activities of the FNB. Nutrition demonstrations in rural, urban and tribal areas are organized by each of the 43 Community Food and Nutrition Extension Units (CFNEUS) indifferent states, 12,000 programmesbenefiting about 5 lakh persons are organized annually.
  • Training in Home Scale Preservation of Fruits and Vegetable: The CFNEUS impart education and training in home scale preservation of fruits and vegetables to housewives and adolescent girls with a view to promote preservation and consumption of fruits and vegetable which could be useful for income generation purposes.
  • Monitoring of Supplementary Feeding under ICDS: The CFNEUS monitor the supplementary feeding component of ICDS in areas of their location.
  • Mass Media Communication: Development of educational and training material on nutrition has been one of the important activities of FNB Headquarters.
  • Advocacy and Sensitization of Policy makers and Programme managers: Advocacy and sensitization of policy makers for integrating nutritional concerns in developmental programmes is a key issue for promoting nutrition of the people in the country. Regional workshops are planned for this.
  • Follow upAction on National Nutrition Policy: A number of initiatives have been taken up since National Nutrition Policy was adopted by Government of India in 1993. A National Plan of Action on Nutrition was formulated and approved by the Inter ministerial coordination Committee and released in 1995.

Major Initiatives of Food and Nutrition Board

  • Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) under MWCDis in process of setting up of 4 food testing Laboratories viz., central laboratory at Faridabad and 3 regional food testing laboratories at Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata for analyzing the food and nutritional supplements for food safety and quality to ensure nutritional and feeding norms for supplementary nutrition in ICDS Scheme.
  • MWCD, taking note of the widely prevalent deficiencies of iron, vitamin- A, iodine and other micronutrientsin the population, particularly among women and children, has taken the initiative towards addressing this issue through fortification of foods.
  • In this regard, a comprehensive regulation on fortification of Foods namely ‘Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of Foods) Regulations, 2016 was operationalized which sets the standards for fortification of major staple foods namely, wheat flour, rice, milk, edible oil and salt.
  • A logo has also been launched.

 

 

What is the objective of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for Sportspersons scheme?

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Answer:

  • This Fund was set up in 1982with a view to assisting outstanding sportspersons of yesteryears, living in indigent circumstances who had won glory for the country in sports.

 

Enrich Your Learning:

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for Sportspersons

  • The name of National Welfare Fundfor sportspersons was changed to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for sportspersons from
  • This Fund was set up in 1982with a view to assisting outstanding sportspersons of yesteryears, living in indigent circumstances who had won glory for the country in sports.
  • Assistance is given in the form of lump sum financial assistance, to sportspersonsor their families in case of sustaining a fatal injury during training for, or participation in, an international competition; sportsperson sustaining injury other than a fatal injury, families of sportspersons living in indigent circumstances, for medical treatment of sportspersons, and for sports promoters (referees, coaches and umpires) living in indigent circumstances.
  • Assistance is provided to those whose monthly income from all sources is less than ₹ 2, 00,000/- per annum.
  • As per objectives of the scheme, the funds of the National Welfare Fund for Sportspersons can be utilized for the following purposes:
  • to provide suitable assistance to outstanding sportspersons now living in indigent circumstances;
  • to provide suitable assistance to outstanding sportspersons injured during the period of their training for competitions and also during the competitions, depending on the nature of the injury;
  • to provide suitable assistance to outstanding sportspersons who bring glory to the country in international field and who are disabled as an after effect of their strenuous training or otherwise and to provide them assistance for medical treatment;
  • to administer and apply the funds of the Fundto promote the welfare of the sportspersons generally in order to alleviate distress among them and their dependents in indigent circumstances;
  • to administer and apply the funds of the Fund for active sportspersons individually or collectively as a group;
  • to encourage and provide assistance in cash or kind(sports equipment, kit etc.) to budding sportspersons, in their pursuit for achieving excellence in sports;
  • The financial assistance being provided under the National Welfare Scheme is as under:
  • Assistance to sportspersons living in indigent circumstances:A lumpsum ex-gratia financial assistance may be granted to an outstanding sportsperson now living in indigent circumstances, subject to a maximum of Rs. 5 lakh.
  • Assistance for injuries sustained during training for and participation in international competition:A lumpsum financial assistance to an outstanding sportsperson or his/her family may be granted under the Scheme:
  • in case of sustaining a fatal injury during training for, or participation in, an international competition, subject to a maximum of Rs. 5.00 lakh;
  • in case of sustaining injury other than a fatal injury, subject to a maximum of Rs.2.00 lakh provided that the assistance shall in no case be less than Rs.10,000/-.
  • Assistance to Families of Outstanding Sportspersons:A lumpsum financial assistance, not exceeding Rs. 2.00 lakh in each case, may also be provided to the families of outstanding sportspersons in indigent circumstances.
  • Assistance for Medical Treatment: Financial assistance not exceeding Rs. 2.00 lakh may also be provided for medical treatment of an outstanding sportsperson in indigent circumstances.
  • Assistance to Sports Promoters:Lumpsum financial assistance, not exceeding Rs. 50,000/- may be provided to referees, coaches and umpires, who were eminent, but are not well off and are in indigent circumstances.
  • Discretionary powers to the Chairperson:The Chairperson may sanction the assistance in deserving cases even to those who, technically, are non-eligible, depending upon the facts and circumstances of each case. The Chairperson will have the discretion to decide the quantum of assistance.

About Sports Authority of India (SAI):

  • The Sports Authority of India (SAI) was established in 1984as a registered society primarily to ensure effective maintenance and optimum utilization of the sports infrastructure that was built in Delhi during ASIAD, 1982.
  • It is now the nodal agency in the country for broadbasing sports and for training of sportspersons to achieve excellence in national and international sports.
  • The Society for National Institute of Physical Education and Sports (SNIPES)was merged with SAI in 1987.
  • Subsequently Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports(NSNIS), Patiala and its allied centres at Bengaluru, Kolkata and Gandhinagar, and Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education at Thiruvananthapuram came under SAI.
  • It has now regional centres at Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Kolkata, Sonepat, Bhopal, Imphal, Chandigarh and Lucknow.
  • SAI also operates a High Altitude Training Center (HATC) at Shillaroo (HP).
  • SAI operates various schemes at sub-junior, junior and senior levels, namely, National Sports Talent Contest (NSTC), Army Boys Sports Company (ABSC), SAI Training Centres (STC) and Special Area Games to achieve excellence at national and international level.
  • SAI has also set up centres of excellence for elite sportspersonsat each of its regional centres and one at the National Institute of Sports, Patiala.
  • With a view to promote sports on single discipline basis, National Sports Academies have been set up by SAI, in collaboration with the National Sports Federationsto attract sports talent in the respective sports discipline in the age group of 14-25 years. 
  • The Scheme envisages modern training centres having state of the art sports facilities, equipment, and requisite sports science infrastructureas well as qualified personnel to meet the daily requirement of the trainees.
  • For optimum utilization of its five stadia which were renovated at substantial cost for Commonwealth Games, 2010, Sports Authority of India introduced ‘Come and Play Scheme’ in 2011.
  • After the successful launch of the Scheme in Delhi, SAI launched the ‘Come and Play Scheme’ in all its centres spread across the country from 2011 with the objective of encouraging the local youth to use the sports facilities available at these centres and to impart coaching, primarily to the beginners, to encourage participation in sports.

 

 

What do you mean by Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS)?

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Answer:

  • “Remotely piloted aircraft” (RPAS) means an unmanned aircraftwhich is piloted from a remote pilot station, excluding model aircraft and toy aircraft.

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Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS)

  • “Remotely piloted aircraft” (RPAS) means an unmanned aircraftwhich is piloted from a remote pilot station, excluding model aircraft and toy aircraft.
  • A remotely piloted aircraft, its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components as specified in the type design.
  • The Directorate General of Civil Aviationhas issued the Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) for civil use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) commonly known as drones.

Acceptable uses of RPAS:

For private use:

  • The RPAS may only be used for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain;
  • The pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities.

 

 

What do you mean by the term – “Common but differentiated responsibilities”?

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Answer:

  • Common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) is principle of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change establishing that all states are responsible for addressing global environmental destruction yet not equally responsible.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC)’

  • Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC) is a principle within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • It acknowledges the different capabilities and differing responsibilities of individual countries in addressing climate change.
  • The principle of CBDR–RC is enshrined in the 1992UNFCCC treaty, which was ratified by all participating countries.
  • It states that the global nature of climate change callsfor the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions.
  • Reflecting CBDR-RC, the Convention divided countries into “Annex I” and “non-Annex I,”the former generally referring to developed countries and the latter to developing countries.
  • Under the Convention Annex I countrieshave a greater mitigation role than non-Annex-I countries.
  • CBDR-RC and the annex classifications were codified in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, and Annex I country emissions reductions were legally bound.
  • A primary driver for the failure of the S. to ratify the Kyoto Protocol was the domestic concern that middle-income developing countries were not required to take action to address their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions despite their growing capability.

 

 

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a joint venture between?

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Answer:

Correct Answer:

  • Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a joint ventureof Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and Canara Bank.

Enrich Your Learning:

Higher Education Finance Agency (HEFA)

  • Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a joint ventureof MHRD Government of India and Canara Bank for financing creation of capital assets in higher education institutions in India.
  • It aims for developing India’s top ranked institutions like IIT’s, IIIT’s, NIT’s, and IISC’s into globally top-ranking institutions through financial capital expenditure.
  • It finances the building of educational infrastructure, particularly R&D infrastructureand thereby enabling the institutions to reach top rankings globally.
  • It works to provide timely financeat low interest rates for capital assets creation in India’s higher education institutions and supplement it with grants by channelizing CSR funds from the corporate and donations from others.
  • All the Centrally Funded Higher Educational Institutions would be eligiblefor joining as members of the HEFA.
  • For joining as members, the Institution should agree to escrow a specific amount from their internal accruals to HEFA for a period of 10 years. This secured future flows would be securitised by the HEFA for mobilising the funds from the market.

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