Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-65] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Hog Deer; ‘Domestic Content Requirement’; ‘3C 273’ (A Quasar); Heart Attack Rewind; Trans Fats; Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI); Nassib boder crossing; Strait of Gibraltar; Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED); Mahila Police Volunteers; Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP); Central Water Commission;
By IASToppers
May 13, 2020

 

 

Name the three different wings of Central Water Commission.

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Answer:

  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely, Designs and Research Wing (D&R),Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P) and River Management Wing (RM).

Enrich Your Learning:

Central Water Commission

  • Central Water Commission (CWC) is headed by a Chairman, with the status of an ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India.
  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely, Designs and Research Wing (D&R), Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P) and River Management Wing (RM).
  • Each wing comprises a number of units/ organizations and is responsible for the disposal of tasks and duties falling within the scope of functions assigned to it.
  • In order to achieve better management in the water resources sector and have better coordination with the state government departments, CWC has established 13 regional offices.
  • The offices are located at Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Nagpur, Patna, Shillong, Siliguri and Gandhi Nagar.
  • National Water Academy, the training institute of CWC, is located at Pune for training of central and state in-service engineers, NGO’s, etc.

Functions:

  • The Commission is entrusted with the general responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation of the State Governments concerned, schemesfor control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country, for purpose of Flood Control, Irrigation, Navigation, Drinking Water Supply and Water Power Development.
  • It also undertakes the investigations, construction and execution of any such schemes as required.

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following global financial institution provides financial support for Dam rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP): (a) Asian Development Bank OR (b) World Bank?

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Answer: World Bank provides financial support for Dam rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).

Enrich Your Learning:

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)

  • Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is the World Bank assisted project at an estimated cost of ₹ 2,100 crore with the provision of rehabilitation of about 223 large dams in the seven participating states (namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand) along with institutional strengthening component for participating states and Central Water Commission.
  • In Odisha, 26 large dams are covered under DRIPfor rehabilitation including construction of an additional spill way for the Hirakud dam to address the hydrological safety.
  • In the 1990s, a World Bank assisted DSRP project was launched to rehabilitate 183 distressed dams.
  • In April 2012, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission embarked upon the 6-year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance.
  • The objective of the DRIP for India is to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams in the territory of the participating states.

Projects under DRIP:

  • Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA),a software tool for asset management has been developed to capture authentic data pertaining to all large dams to act as information repository.
  • It covers the monitoring and health information to regularly review the safety aspects of any dam.
  • Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS)is an interactive program to estimate Seismic Hazard at a point in South Indian region.

 

 

The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative of?

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Answer:

  • The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Developmentand the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mahila Police Volunteers

  • The broad mandate of Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs) is to report to authorities/police the incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces.
  • Haryana has become the first state to operationalise theMahila Police Volunteers scheme.
  • It was launched jointly by the WCD Ministry and Haryana governmentin 2016 for the districts of Karnal and Mahendragarh in the state.
  • It envisages creation of a link between the police authorities and the local communities in villages through police volunteers who will be women specially trained for this purpose.
  • Under the scheme, the Mahila Police volunteer is required to mobilize community to form Mahila and Shishu Rakshak Dals (MASRD)to act as community watch groups.
  • The aim is to have a gender responsive police service with increased presence of female personnel within the police force and in community outreach.
  • The gap between Police and Civil society will be bridged by Mahila Police Volunteers initiative.
  • A Mahila Police Volunteer will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime against women.

 

 

 

Recently, which Indian organization celebrated world Honey Bee Day on 19th August?

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Answer:

  • Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) has celebrated ‘World Honey Bee Day’on 19th August.

Enrich Your Learning:

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)

  • The TRIFED was set up in 1987as a national level apex body under the Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 1984 (MSCS Act, 1984.
  • After the enactment of the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 (MSCS Act, 2002) TRIFEDis deemed to be registered under the latter Act and is also listed in the Second Schedule to the Act as a National Cooperative Society.
  • The bye-laws of TRIFED were revised in April, 2003in tune with the new Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 read with the Multi State Cooperative Societies Rules, 2002.
  • Under its revised mandate TRIFED has stopped bulk procurement in Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP) from tribals.
  • TRIFED now functions as a ‘market developer’ for tribal products and as ‘service provider’ to its member federations.

 

 

Where is Strait of Gibraltar located?

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Answer:

  • It is located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • It is bordered to the north by Spain.

Enrich Your Learning:

Strait of Gibraltar

  • The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow straitthat connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa.
  • The two continents are separated by 14.3 kilometres(8.9 miles; 7.7 nautical miles) of ocean at the Strait’s narrowest point.
  • The Spanish side of the Strait is protected under El Estrecho Natural Park.

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • On the northern side of the Strait are Spain and Gibraltar(a British overseas territory in the Iberian Peninsula); while on the southern side are Morocco and Ceuta (a Spanish autonomous city in northern Africa).
  • Its boundarieswere known in antiquity as the Pillars of Hercules.
  • Due to its location, the Strait is commonly used for illegal immigration from Africa to Europe.

 

 

‘Nassib’ is a border crossing between: a) Syria and Jordan OR b) Jordan and Lebanon?

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Answer:

  • Syria and Jordan

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Nassib boder crossing

  • The Nassib Border Crossing is an international bordercrossing between Syria and Jordan. 
  • It is one of the busiest border crossings in Syria and is situated on the Damascus-Amman international highway near Nassib, Syria.
  • It is the main crossing for Syrian exports to Jordan and the GCC countries.

 

 

 

The Heart Attack Rewind Campaign is an initiative of which Indian authority? What is its objective?

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Answer:

  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)has launched a new mass media campaign in order to create awareness about Trans fats and eliminate them in India by 2022.

Enrich Your Learning:

Heart Attack Rewind

  • In 2018, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched a new mass media campaign in order to create awareness about Trans fats and eliminate them in India by 2022.
  • It is a 30-second public service announcement broadcasted in 17 languages for a period of four weeks.

What are Trans Fats?

  • Artificial Tran’s fats are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.
  • Since they are easy to use, inexpensive to produceand last a long time, and give foods a desirable taste and texture, they are still widely used despite their harmful effects being well-known.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  • FSSAI is a nodal statutory agencyresponsible for protecting and promoting public health in India through regulation and supervision of food safety.
  • It was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006and operates under aegis of Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

 

 

‘3C 273’ was recently in news. What is it? (a) A particular strain of rotavirus OR (b) A Quasar?

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Answer: A Quasar

  • 3C 273 is a quasarlocated in the constellation Virgo. 

Enrich Your Learning:

‘3C 273’ (A Quasar)

  • 3C 273 is a quasarlocated in the constellation Virgo. 
  • It was the first quasar ever to be identified.
  • It is the optically brightest quasar in the sky.
  • 3C 273 is a radio-loud quasar,and was also one of the first extragalactic X-ray sources discovered in 1970.
  • 3C 273 lies at the centre of a giant elliptical galaxywith an apparent magnitude of 16 and an apparent size of 30 arc seconds.
  • 3C 273 is visible in May in both the northern and southern hemispheres.

 

 

The term ‘Domestic Content Requirement’ is sometimes seen in the news with reference to: (a) Developing solar power production in India OR (b) Granting licences to foreign T.V. channels in India?

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Answer:

  • Developing solar power production in our country

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Domestic Content Requirement’

  • The domestic content requirement (DCR) category is the mandate for solar projectsin India to utilize domestically manufactured solar modules and cells.
  • It was instituted in the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM)from the beginning of 2010 in an effort to create a healthy and robust indigenous manufacturing base and to elevate India’s status as a solar hub.
  • The dispute settlement body (DSB) of World Trade Organization (WTO)has decided to set up panel to examine whether India has complied with its 2016 ruling in case against US regarding domestic content requirements (DCR) rules for solar cells and modules.
  • In 2016, the multilateral bodyhad ruled against India for favouring local manufacturers in its solar power programme, on petition filed by US.
  • WTO the global trade body stated that power purchase agreements signed by the Indian government with solar firms for its National Solar Mission did not meet international trade norms.
  • But after ruling, US had alleged that India continues to apply WTO-inconsistent measures and had approached WTO demanding action against India for non-compliance of WTO ruling in December 2017.
  • India, however, has maintained that it has complied with WTO’s ruling and had requested WTO to set up a panel to determine its compliance with rulings of dispute.
  • India also penalize solar power developers who are using foreign equipment in power generation projectsthat were awarded nm,.on the basis that they would only use locally-made solar cells and modules.
  • The projects, awarded under the so-called domestic content requirement (DCR) route by state-owned firms, are required to use solar cells and panels made in India.
  • Also, under the solar rooftop scheme, the government gives subsidy on the condition that the modules should be made in India wherein solar cells can be imported.
  • This assumes significance as of India’s plan to add 100 gigawatt (GW) of solar power capacity by 2022; 40GW is to come from rooftop projects.
  • On 11 January 2010, India had launched its national solar policy, named Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. The country has an ambitious target of generating 20,000 megawatt (MW) of solar power by 2022. Many US companies are interested in supplying solar equipment to tap the growing sector in India.

 

 

Its habitat ranges from Pakistan to mainland Southeast Asia. It is endangered species under IUCN Red list. It gets its name from its running approach through the forests with its head hung low so that it can duck under obstacles. Identify this animal.

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Answer:

  • Hog Deer.

Enrich Your Learning:

Hog Deer

  • ‘Hog Deer’ is a small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India,to mainland southeast Asia, which inhabits much of the Indo-Genetic Plains of Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China, all the way to western Thailand.
  • It is also known as Indian Hog Deer, and endangered species under IUCN Red list.
  • Its populations also exist in Australia and Sri Lanka.
  • It gets its name from the hog-like manner in which it runs through the forests with its head hung low so that it can duck under obstacles instead of leaping over them like most other deer.
  • Hog deer have a stout buildwith relatively short legs and raised hindquarters. Males are heavier than females and have much thicker necks.
  • Cover is takenas soon as it is feasible. During flight, the tail is held erect, showing the white underside.
  • This species resembles the closely-related Calamian deer(Axis calamianensis) and Bawean deer (Axis kuhlii), but hog deer tend to be larger and are easily distinguished by distribution.
  • Hunting (primarily for bushmeat), habitat loss due to settlement and agriculture and the subsequent fragmentation of populations are the threats faced by it.

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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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