Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-66] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Kamarajar Port Limited; Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC); Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix); Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR); Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC); National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM); Index of Industrial Production (IIP); Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme; International Court of Arbitration (ICC); Majuli;
By IASToppers
May 14, 2020

 

 

The largest riverine island in the world, Majuli, is located in which river: (a) Ganga OR (b) Brahmaputra?

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Answer: Brahmaputra

Enrich Your Learning:

  • Majuli has shrunkas the river surrounding it has grown.
  • The island is formed by the Brahmaputra Riverin the south and the Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri River in the north.
  • Majuli named world’s largest river island.
  • Majuli Island on the Brahmaputra in Assam was declared the largest river island in the world, toppling Marajo in Brazil, by Guinness World Records .
  • The river island covers an area of around 880 sqkm.

 

 

 

 

The recent Arbitration (Amendment) Bill, 2019 increased the time restriction of 12 months to 24 months for arbitration proceedings for international commercial arbitrations. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct statement:

  • The Bill remove the time restriction of 12 months for arbitration proceedings for international commercial arbitrations.

Enrich Your Learning:

International Court of Arbitration

  • The International Court of Arbitration (ICC) is an institution for the resolution of international commercial disputes.
  • It operates under the auspices of the International Chamber of Commerce and consists of more than 100 arbitrators from roughly 90 countries.
  • The Court was founded in 1923under the leadership of the ICC’s first president Etienne Clementel, a former French Minister of Finance.

Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Act:

  • The Act contains provisions to deal with domestic and international arbitrationand defines the law for conducting conciliation proceedings.
  • The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister for Law and Justice which seeks to amend the above act.

Key Features of the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019

  • It seeks to establish an independent body called the Arbitration Council of India (ACI)for the promotion of arbitration, mediation, conciliation and other alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  • The Arbitration Council of India will consist of a Chairpersonwho is either:
    • a Judge of the Supreme Court; or
    • a Judge of a High Court; or
    • Chief Justice of a High Court; or
    • An eminent person with expert knowledge in the conduct of the arbitration.
  • Under the Bill, the Supreme Court and High Courts may now designate arbitral institutions.
  • For international commercial arbitration, the appointments will be made by the institution designated by the Supreme Court and for domestic arbitration; appointments will be made by the institution designated by the concerned High Court.
  • In case there are no arbitral institutions available, the Chief Justice of the concerned High Court may maintain a panel of arbitrators to perform the functions of the arbitral institutions. 
  • The Bill seeks to remove the time restriction of 12 months for arbitration proceedings for international commercial arbitrations.
  • The Bill requires that the written claim and the defence to the claim in an arbitration proceeding should be completed within six months of the appointment of the arbitrators.
  • The Bill provides that all details of arbitration proceedings will be kept confidential except for the details of the arbitral award in certain circumstances.

 

 

 

The Ethanol Blended Petrol Programme (EBP) seeks to achieve blending of Ethanol with motor sprit with a view to reducing pollution. True/False?

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme

  • Ethanol is an agro-based product, mainly produced from a by-product of the sugar industry, namely molasses.
  • In years of surplus production of sugarcane,when prices are depressed, the sugar industry is unable to make timely payment of cane price to farmers.
  • The Ethanol Blended Petrol Programme (EBP) seeks to achieve blending of Ethanol with motor sprit with a view to reducing pollution, conserve foreign exchange and increase value addition in the sugar industry enabling them to clear cane price arrears of farmers.
  • Government has also notified new National Policy on Bio-Fuels, 2018 under which sugarcane juice has been allowed for production of ethanol.
  • Further with a view to support sugar sector and in the interest of sugarcane farmers, the Government has fixed the remunerative exmill price of ethanol derived from Cheavy at ₹43.46/litre.
  • For the first time the Government has also fixed ex-mill price of ethanol derived from B-heavy molasses/partial sugarcane juice at ₹ 52.43/litre and from 100 per cent sugarcane juice at ₹ 59.13 per litre for those mills who will divert sugarcane juice for production of ethanol thereby not producing any sugar.
  • In the ethanol season 2017-18,agreement was signed for supply of 164 crore litre.

 

 

Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released every month by?

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Answer:

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released byCentral Statistics Office (CSO) every month.

Enrich Your Learning:

Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by CSO every monthin the form of Quick Estimates with a time-lag of 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF.
  • The base year of all-India IIP was revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12and the new series was launched in 2017.
  • IIP is compiled using secondary data received from 14 source agenciesin various ministries/departments or their attached/subordinate offices.
  • Apart from breakup of the index in three sectors, viz., mining, manufacturing and electricity, the estimates are also simultaneously released as peruse-based classification viz., primary goods, intermediate goods, infrastructure construction goods and consumer durables and consumer non-durables.
  • The Quick Estimates are subsequently revised as first Revision after one month from release on receipt of updated production data from the 14 source agencies.
  • Subsequently, the indices are againrevised after two months from first Revision. 
  • The major source of data for IIP is the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion that supplies data for 322 out of 407 item groups with a weight of 47.54 percent in overall IIP.

 

 

What are the objectives of the National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM)?

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Answer:

  • To undertake film condition assessment of the film collection and to ascertain the left over life of the film;
  • Preventive conservation of 1,32,000 film reels;
  • 2k/4k picture and sound restoration of 1086 landmark feature films and 1152 shorts of Indian Cinema and recording of new picture and sound inter-negatives of each film;
  • Digitization of 1160 feature films and 1660 shorts;
  • Construction of archival and preservation facilities for preservation of material restored under NFHM in dust free, low humidity, and low temperature conditions at NFAI campus, Pune.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM)

  • National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM), a prestigious mission of Government of India projectwas set up in November, 2014 for restoring and preserving the film heritage of India. 
  • This is a part of 12th Five Year Plan which will spill over to 13th Five Year Plan.

 

 

Name the authority that certifies films in India.

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Answer:

  • Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) certifies films in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)

  • Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, regulating the public exhibition of filmsunder the provisions of the Cinematograph Act, 1952.
  • Films can be publicity exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification.
  • Though the first film in India (Raja Harishchandra) was produced in 1913by Dadasaheb Phalke, the Indian Cinematograph Act was passed and came into effect only in 1920. 
  • Censor Boards(as they were called then) were placed under police chiefs in cities of Madras, Bombay, Calcutta, Lahore and Rangoon.
  • Regional censors were independent.
  • After Independence autonomy of regional censors was absolished and they were brought under the Bombay Board of Film Censors.
  • With implementation of Cinematograph Act, 1952, the board was unified and reconstituted, as the Central Board of Film Censors.
  • Cinematograph (Certification) Ruleswere revised in 1983 and since then the Central Board of Film Censors became known as the Central Board of Film Certification.
  • The Board consists of non-official members and a chairman (all of whom are appointed by central government) and functions with headquarters at Mumbai.
  • It has nine regional offices, one each at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Cuttack and Guwahati.
  • The regional offices are assisted in the examination of films by Advisory Panels.
  • The members of the panels are nominated by central government by drawing people from different walks of life for a period of 2 years.
  • The Certification process is in accordance with the Cinamatograph Act, 1952, the Cinematograph (Certification) Rules, 1983, and the guidelines issued by the central government u/s 5(b).
  • Initially there were only two grading, U and A.In 1983 two more rating were introduced i.e., UA and S.
  • UA means it can be unrestricted public exhibition but with a word of caution that children below 12 years of age will require the parental guidance, the S category is only for special class of persons like doctors, etc.

 

 

Who among the following is the chairman of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR): (a) Prime Minister of India OR (b) Minister of Science & Technology?

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Answer: Prime Minister of India

Enrich Your Learning:

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, (CSIR) constituted in 1942is an autonomous body which is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas.
  • Having pan-India presence,CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 innovation complexes and 5 units.
  • Its R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4000 active scientistssupported by about 7000 scientific and technical personnel. 
  • It covers a wide spectrum of science and technology—from radio and space physics, oceanography, earth sciences, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
  • It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, leather, and farm and non-farm sectors.
  • CSIR is the nation’s custodian for measurement standards of mass, distance, time, temperature, current, etc.
  • It has created and is the custodian of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)which is a powerful weapon against unethical commercial exploitation of Indian traditional knowledge.
  • It maintains Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC) and Gene Bank.
  • Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement,CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains.

 

 

Which is the commercial wing of the Indian space agency for marketing Indian space
capabilities: a) ANTRIX OR b) ATLAS?

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Answer: ANTRIX

Enrich Your Learning:

Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix)

  • Antrix Corporation Limited, the commercial arm of the Department of Space, is marketing the Indian space products and services in the global market.
  • Antrix offers a wide range of services from the space based systems through specific commercial contracts with other agencies, including foreign customers. 
  • Antrix is recognised as one of the prominent service providerin providing TTC support are well established with prominent international customers using our network of ground stations for meeting various mission requirements.
  • As part of PSLV launch servicesto international customer satellites, a dedicated customer satellite mission for Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL), UK viz, PSLV-C42 launched Nova SAR a 450 kg S-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite and S l4, a 450 kg optical imaging satellite.

 

 

Biotech Ignition Grant (BIG) is a scheme of which institution of India?

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Answer:

  • It is a scheme of Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC).

Enrich Your Learning:

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)

  • BIRAC has been set up to foster innovationand entrepreneurship, promote affordable innovation in key social sectors, empowerment of start-ups and small and medium enterprises, contribute through partners for capability enhancement and diffusion of innovation, enable commercialization of discovery and ensure global competitiveness of Indian enterprises.
  • BIRAC has initiated partnerships with several national and global partners to collaborate and deliver the salient features of its mandate.
  • Biotech Ignition Grant (BIG) scheme under BIRAC is encouraging schemefor the young investigators for entrepreneurial and managerial development of SME’s in biotechnology through incubators.
  • The Department is also having two PSUsnamely Bharat Immunological and Biological Corporation Limited (BIBCOL) and Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC).
  • BIBCOL is a leading biotechnology company based in Uttar Pradesh, currently manufactures and produces a range of pharmaceutical products such as Oral Polio Vaccines (OPV Vaccine), zinc tablet and diarrheal management kit, etc.
  • Its mission is to save the lives of millions of children from avoidable disability, through polio vaccination.
  • BIRAC is a not-for-profit Section 8, Schedule B, public sector enterprise, set up as an interface agency to strengthen and empower the emerging biotech enterprise to undertake strategic research and innovation, addressing nationally relevant product development needs.

 

 

Which is the first corporate port of India?

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Answer: Ennore Port (now named as Kamarajar Port Limited).

Enrich Your Learning:

Kamarajar Port Limited

  • Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL), the 12th major portunder the Ministry of Shipping was commissioned in 2001, primarily as a coal port dedicated to handling thermal coal requirements of Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). 
  • Kamarajar Port Limited, formerly Ennore Port, is located on the Coromandel Coast about 18 km north of Chennai Port, Chennai.
  • KPL has the distinction of being the only corporate port amongst the major ports administered by the central government.
  • The port has 8 berths with a total capacity of 57.00 MTPA.

 


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