Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-67] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Leptospirosis; Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP); WEP 2.0; Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA); International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS); Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); Our Common Future; Limits to Growth (LTG); Namami Barak Festival; Survey of India; Duncan passage; Project CHAMAN;
By IASToppers
May 15, 2020

 

 

Project CHAMAN is associated with which: (a) Conservation of mangroves OR (b) Horticulture?

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Answer:

  • In order to provide strategic development to the horticulture sector, so as to increase farmer’s income, a pioneer project called CHAMAN was launched.

Enrich Your Learning:

Project CHAMAN

  • With the aim of developing India’s horticulture sector, the Ministry of Agriculture launchedCoordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geo-informatics (CHAMAN), which makes use of remote sensing technology and satellites for generating action plans for horticultural development.
  • The project CHAMAN envisages use of satellite remote sensing data for area and production estimation of 7 horticultural crops (Potato, Onion, Tomato, Chili, Mango, Banana and Citrus) in 12 major states in 180 districts.
  • The programme alsouses GIS (Geographical Information System) tools along with remote sensing data for generating action plans for horticultural development.
  • Another component of CHAMAN is to carry out research activities on horticultural crop condition studies, diseases assessment and precision farming.
  • The project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) in collaboration with ISRO Centres (SAC & NRSC).

 

 

 

 

 

The Duncan Passage is located between ____________. (a) South Andaman and Little Andaman OR (b) Afghanistan and India?

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Answer:

  • The Duncan Passage is located between South Andaman and Little Andaman.

Enrich Your Learning:

Duncan passage

  • Duncan Passage is a strait in the Indian Ocean.
  • It is about 48 km (30 mi) wide; it separates Rutland Island (part of Great Andaman) to the north and Little Andaman to the south.
  • It is located between South Andaman and Little Andaman.
  • West of Duncan Passage is the Bay of Bengal; east is the Andaman Sea.
  • Several small islands and islets lie along the passage. North to south, they are:
  • North Cinque Island
  • South Cinque Island
  • Passage Island
  • The Sisters
  • North Brother Island
  • South Brother Island
  • Manners Strait is the branch of Duncan Passage that lies between North Cinque Island and Rutland Island.

 

 

 

Which is the oldest scientific department of the Govt. of India?

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Answer:

Survey of India, The National Survey and Mapping Organisation of the country under the Department of Science & Technology, is the oldest scientific department of the Govt. of India. 

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Government has released a new map of India showing UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh.

  • The Survey of Indiahas redrawn the map of India to depict the newly formed Union Territories (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and Ladakh.
  • Areas such as Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and the Tribal Territory of 1947that have been occupied by Pakistan are included in the Ladakh UT.

About Survey of India:

  • The Survey of India is India’s central engineering agencyin charge of mapping and surveying.
  • Survey of India (National Survey and Mapping Organisation of India) under the Department of Science & Technology, is the Oldest Scientific Department Of the Govt. Of India. 
  • First modern scientific survey of India” was undertaken by W. Mather in 1793–96 on instructions of Superintendent of Salem and Baramahal (TN), Col. Alexander Read.
  • Set up in 1767to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the GoI.
  • Its members are from Survey of India Service cadre of Civil Services of India and Army Officers from the Indian Army Corps of Engineers.
  • It is headed by the Surveyor General of India.

 

 

The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated in which state: (a) Assam OR (b) Pondicherry?

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Answer:

  • The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated on November 18that Barak Valley in Assam.

Enrich Your Learning:

Namami Barak Festival

  • The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated on November 18that Barak Valley in Assam.
  • Namami Barak is an attempt to pay tribute to the River Barak and to showcase of Barak’s potential and possibilities to emerge as a hub of trade and commerce.
  • The cultural heritage of the valley together with its cuisine, fauna and flora, socio-economic and civic splendor were showcased before the global audience during the festival.

Barak River:

  • The Barak River is one of the major rivers of South Assamand is a part of the Surma-Meghna River System.
    It rises in Manipur State, where it is the biggest and the most important of the hill country rivers.
  • After Manipur it flows through Mizoram and into Assam, ending after 564 kilometres just after it enters Bangladesh where it forks into the Surma and Kushiyara rivers.

 

 

Which famous report on sustainable development was titled Our Common Future?

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Answer:

  • Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report, from the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development(WCED) was published in 1987.

Enrich Your Learning:

Our Common Future

  • Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report, from the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development(WCED) was published in 1987.
  • Gave concept of “sustainable development”.
  • The Brundtland Commission’s characterization of ‘sustainable development’ is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • The prominence given to ‘needs’ reflects a concern to eradicate poverty and meet basic human needs, broadly understood.
  • The concept of sustainable development focused attention on finding strategiesto promote economic and social development in ways that avoided environmental degradation, over-exploitation or pollution, and side lined less productive debates about whether to prioritize development or the environment.

Limits to Growth (LTG)

  • The Limits to Growth (LTG) is a 1972 reporton the computer simulation of exponential economic and population growth with a finite supply of resources.
  • Funded by the Volkswagen Foundation and commissioned by the Club of Rome, the findings of the study were first presented at international gatherings in Moscow and Rio de Janeiro in the summer of 1971.
  • The report’s authors are Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III, representing a team of 17 researchers.
  • Since its publication, some 30 million copies of the book in 30 languageshave been purchased.
  • It continues to generate debate and has been the subject of several subsequent publications.
  • The Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update was published in 2004, and in 2012, a 40-year forecast from Jorgen Randers, one of the book’s original authors, was published as 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years.

 

 

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is the largest market, larger than European Union and North American markets in the world. True/False.

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Answer: False

Correct Answer:

  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a 3rdlargest market, larger than European Union and North American markets in the world.

Enrich Your Learning:

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • In 1967, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by its founding fathers.
  • Founding Fathers of ASEAN are: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
  • The motto of ASEAN is “One Vision, One Identity, One Community”.
  • It is a regional groupingthat promotes economic, political, and security cooperation among its ten members:
  • Brunei,
  • Cambodia,
  • Indonesia,
  • Laos,
  • Malaysia,
  • Myanmar,
  • Philippines,
  • Singapore,
  • Thailand,

Importance:

  • ASEAN countries have a total population of 650 million peopleand a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of $2.8 trillion.
  • The group has played a central role in Asian economic integration, signing six free-trade agreements with other regional economies and helping spearhead negotiations for what could be the world’s largest free trade pact.

 

 

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is one of dispute settlement mechanisms under which international convention?

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Answer:

  • ITLOS governs the laws on international waters and is one of dispute settlement mechanisms under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

 

Enrich Your Learning:

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)

  • International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organisationunder the ambit of the United Nations, established in 1996.
  • ITLOS governs the laws on international waters and is one of dispute settlement mechanisms under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
  • The Tribunal has the power to settle disputes between party states.
  • India is also a signatory to this convention.
  • It is headquarteredin Hamburg, Germany.
  • The ITLOS comprises of 21 serving judges.

 

 

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreement was signed between which countries?

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Answer:

  • It is an agreement on Iran’s nuclear program made between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security CouncilChina, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germanyand the European Union.

Enrich Your Learning:

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

  • JCPOA is also known as the “Iran deal” or “Iran nuclear deal”.
  • The deal was made in July 2015.
  • It is an agreement on Iran’s nuclear program made between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security CouncilChina, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germanyand the European Union.
  • JCPOA limits Iran’s uranium enrichment programme until 2030and contains monitoring and transparency measures that will remain in place long after that date.
  • A few days after the JCPOA was agreed, it was endorsed by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
  • However, in May 2018, United States announced its withdrawal from JCPOA.

Why did US withdraw from JCPOA?

  • United States cited major flaw in JCPOA’s temporary natureand its lack of controls on Iran’s ballistic missile programme.
  • Trump was also highly critical of Iran’s actions in Syria and elsewhere in the region, which he characterizes as Iran’s ‘malign behaviour’.

 

 

Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) is an initiative of which national body/organization?

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Answer:

  • The Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) is an initiative by NITI Aayog.

Enrich Your Learning:

Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP)

  • The Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) is a first of its kind, unified access portal which brings together women from different parts of India to realize their entrepreneurial aspirations.
  • The initiative is aimed at building an ecosystemfor women across India to realize their entrepreneurial aspirations, scale-up innovative initiatives and chalk-out sustainable, long-term strategies for their businesses.

Aim & Objectives:

  • WEP aims to address the bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives.
  • The platform aspires to substantially increase the number of women entrepreneurs who will create and empower a dynamic New India.
  • These aspirations are manifest in the three pillars on which WEP is built:
  • Ichha Shakti– motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise
  • Gyaan Shakti– providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship
  • Karma Shakti– providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses.

WEP 2.0

  • The WEP seeks to transform the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the countryand is a one-stop resource centre for future and budding women entrepreneurs.
  • It seeks to act as a medium for various stakeholders in the economy to come together and offer integrated services such as Incubation Support, Mentorship, Funding avenues, Compliance, Marketing Assistance etc.

 

 

Does Leptospirosis spread from person to person?

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Answer:

  • It does not spread from person to person.

Enrich Your Learning:

Leptospirosis

  • Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals.
  • It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira.
  • In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases.
  • Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all.
  • The bacteria that causes leptospirosis is spread in the urine of infected animals, including rodents, wildlife, dogs, and livestock.
  • It does not spread from person to person.
  • Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics.
  • The disease can lead to life-threatening complications like renal failure, hypotension and hemorrage.
  • Severe or untreated leptospirosis can lead to damage of the organs and in rare cases.

Leptospirosis in India:

  • In the summer and rainy seasons of 2015, leptospirosis, a dangerous, neglected tropical disease, struck in multiple cities of India.
  • In Mumbai, the toll was high — at least 18 people reportedly succumbed to the zoonotic disease,also known colloquially as “rat fever” for its association with the urine of rodents among several host species.

 


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