Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-68] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Right to Strike; Essential Services Management Act, 1968; Public Utility Services; Fair market value (FMV); LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System; Logistics Performance Index; National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination (2017-2025); NIKSHAY; Commonwealth of Nations; Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation (CFTC); Integrated Disease Surveillance Program; District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA);
By IASToppers
May 16, 2020

 

 

District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA) is an initiative of which Ministry?

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Answer:

DISHA is an initiative of Ministry of Rural Development.

Enrich Your Learning:

District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA)

  • The Union Ministry of Rural Developmentlaunched the formation of District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) called “Disha” in 2016.
  • The first meeting of DISHA was held on 13th August 2016.
  • DISHA supersedes the District Vigilance & Monitoring Committeeunder Union Ministry of Rural Development.
  • It will work for effective development coordination of almost all the programmes of Central Government,whether it is for infrastructure development or Social and human resource development.

 

 

Integrated Disease Surveillance Program was initially launched by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with assistance of World Bank. True OR False.

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

Integrated Disease Surveillance Program

  • Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) is a centrally sponsored schemeunder National Health Mission (NHM).
  • It was launched by Minister of Health & Family Welfare in November 2004in assistance with the World Bank, for a period up to March 2010. The project was restructured and extended up to March 2012. 
  • The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated DiseaseSurveillance Programme under NHM for all States with Budgetary allocation of 640 Cr.
  • Presently, more than 90 per cent districts report weekly data throughe-mail/portal.

Objectives:

  • To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based and IT enabled disease surveillance systems for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends.
  • To detect and respond to outbreaks in the early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Teams(RRTs).

 

 

 

All the countries of ‘Commonwealth of Nations’ group have some historical relations with British empire. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct Statement: The two countries Rwanda and Mozambique this group have no historical ties to the British Empire.

Enrich Your Learning:

Commonwealth of Nations

  • The Commonwealth of Nations is an intergovernmental organization of54 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
  • They came into existence with the proclamation of sovereignty of the state from the colonial rule of British Empire and were later given self-governance.
  • It proclaims that the Commonwealth nations are “free and equal.”
  • The insignia of this Commonwealth Association is Queen Elizabeth II who is considered the Supreme of the Commonwealth nations.
  • The member states of the commonwealth are not legally liable or bound to each other. They are rather united by language, history, culture, likeness of the democracy, human rights and the rule of law.
  • After the end of World War II, the British Empire was step by step broken into the fourteen British Overseas Territories which is still held by the United Kingdom.
  • The organization came into being in 1949and since then, independent countries from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and the Pacific have joined The Commonwealth.
  • The two countries Rwanda and Mozambiquehave joined the Commonwealth but have no historical ties to the British Empire.

Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation (CFTC)

  • A Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation expert provides lifeboat trainingin
  • The CFTC approach emphasises country ownership by delivering technical assistance on a demand-driven basis.
  • They work focuses on delivering relevant change through ‘best fit’rather than ‘best practice’ responses to the challenges of development.
  • Technical assistance is delivered predominantly on a south-south basis, and also aims to mainstream gender considerations throughout all project work. 

 

 

NIKSHAY is a web-based surveillance system developed for which purpose?

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Answer:

NIKSHAY is a web enabled application, which facilitates monitoring of universal access to TB patients data by all concerned.

Enrich Your Learning:

NIKSHAY

  • To facilitate TB notification, RNTCPhas developed a case-based web-based TB surveillance system called “NIKSHAY” for both government and private health care facilities.
  • The system has been developed jointly by the Central TB Division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and National Informatics Centre (NIC)and it was launched by the Government of India in June 2012.
  • A gazette notification was published by the Government of Indiamandating all private health establishments to inform the details of TB patients treated by them to NIKSHAY repository.

Objectives of Nikshay are to:

  • Establish real-time TB surveillance through Case-Based-Web-Based electronic recording and reporting
  • Monitoring of TB Patients Treatment
  • Develop and make available TB notification and registration system for both public and private sector
  • Improve quality care by health service providers
  • Support treatment of patients & Reporting of cases
  • Increase transparency & accountability
  • Provide follow up Alerts for adherence
  • Providing required data for planning at National & State levels.
  • Provide TB related information on epidemiological / social impacts

 

 

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination seeks to eliminate TB in India by which year?

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Answer:

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination seeks to eliminate TB in India by 2025.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination (2017-2025)

  • The National Strategic Plan (2017-25) was approved by Minister for Health and Family Welfarein 2017 and has been operational since then in the entire country with the goal of ending TB by 2025.
  • Under the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (2017-2025), 20%, 22% and 24% of the funds have been earmarked for social welfare support in years 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 respectively.
  • A new scheme, Nikshay Poshan Yojanahas been implemented from 01st April 2018, wherein 500 rupees per month is being provided to All TB patients towards nutritional support for the duration of their treatment.
  • Tribal patient travel support,wherein 750 rupees is being provided to all TB patients in tribal notified blocks towards travel support is an ongoing scheme since the twelfth plan.
  • The Ministry has established an Inter-Ministerial Coordination committeeunder the chairpersonship of Secretary (Health and Family Welfare) for smooth linkages between linkages between the TB programme and various ministries like Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Labor & Employment.

 

 

Which international organization releases Logistics Performance Index (LPI)?

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Answer:

  • LPI is published by World Bank every two years.

Enrich Your Learning:

Logistics Performance Index

  • The Logistics Performance Index is an interactive benchmarking toolcreated to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance.
  • The LPI is based on a worldwide surveyof operators on the ground, providing feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which they operate and those with which they trade.
  • Feedback from operators is supplemented with quantitative data on the performance of key components of the logistics chainin the country of work.
  • The LPI consists of both qualitative and quantitative measuresand helps build profiles of logistics friendliness for these countries.
  • LPI is the weighted average of the country scores on six key dimensions:
    • Efficiency of the clearance process by border control agencies, including Customs.
    • Quality of trade and transport related infrastructure.
    • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments.
    • Competence and quality of logistics services.
    • Ability to track and trace consignments.
    • Timeliness of shipments in reaching destination within the scheduled or expected delivery time.
  • LPI offers two different perspectives: international and domestic.
  • International LPI: provides qualitative evaluationsof a country in six areas by its trading partners—logistics professionals working outside the country.
  • Domestic LPI: provides both qualitative and quantitative assessmentsof a country by logistics professionals working inside it.
  • It includes detailed information on the logistics environment, core logistics processes, institutions, and performance time and cost data.

Logistics Performance Index of 2018:

  • India ranks 44 in the Logistics Performance Index 2018.

 

 

The portal named ‘The Least Available Depth Information System (LADIS)’ is an initiative of which authority in India? 

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Answer:

  • The portal named ‘The Least Available Depth Information System (LADIS)’ is an initiative of The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)to ensure optimum use of National Waterways.

Enrich Your Learning:

LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) launched a new portal LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System to ensure optimum use of National Waterways.

Key Highlights:

  • The IWAIhas designed the portal to facilitate the day to day operations of inland vessels operating on National Waterways as well as to avoid any hindrance during operation.
  • Initially the information of LADs will be available for:
  • National waterway 1(Prayagraj-Haldia stretch of the Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly Rivers)
  • National waterway 2(Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of Brahmaputra River)
  • National waterway 3(Kollam-Kottappuram stretch of West Coast Canal and Champakara canal and Udyogmandal canal)
  • Indo-Bangladesh Protocol route
  • The facility will soon be expanded to othernational waterways as well.
  • The details of the LAD will be fed into the portal by respective surveyors and regional in-charge deputed with Inland Waterways Authority of India survey vessels.
  • The LADIS portal is hosted on IWAI’s website and has been built in house by the IWAI.
  • The vessel operators and cargo owners will prepare their sailing plans strictly as per applicable waterways related information (i.e., Hydrographic survey reports, River Notices) available on IWAI’s website.

Significance of LADIS:

  • LADIS will ensure that real-time dataon least available depths is disseminated for ship/barge and cargo owners so that they can undertake transportation on National Waterways in a more planned way.
  • If real time information is made available regarding LADs in stretches of various National waterways (NWs), it will help transporters by guiding them on the suitability of time of movement.
  • It will enhance credibility and efficiency of information sharing to achieve seamless operations on National Waterways, besides pre-empting problems that may occur during movement of vessels.

 

 

What do you mean by Fair market value (FMV)?

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Answer:

  • The fair market value is the price an asset would sell for on the open market when certain conditions are met.

Enrich Your Learning:

Fair market value (FMV)

  • The fair market value is the price an asset would sell for on the open market when certain conditions are met.
  • The conditions are:
  • the parties involved are aware of all the facts,
  • are acting in their own interest, and
  • are free of any pressure to buy or sell,and
  • Have ample time to make the decision.
  • Fair market value is different than market value and appraised value.
  • Tax settings and the real estate market are two areas that commonly use fair market value.
  • Insurance companies use fair market value in determining certain claim payouts.

 

 

What is public utility service under the Industrial Dispute Act 1947?

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Answer:

  • As per Section 2(n) (vi) of the Industrial Disputes Act1947, the ‘appropriate Government’ may declare any industry specified in the first Schedule of the Industrial Disputes Act1947to be a public utility service for a period of six months by issuing a Notification in the Official Gazette which may extend from time.

Enrich Your Learning:

Public Utility Services

  • Public utility service is defined as any railway service(or any transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by air); any service in, or in connection with the working of, any major port or dock; any section of an industrial establishment, on the working of which the safety of the establishment or the workmen employed therein depends; any postal, telegraph or telephone service; any industry which supplies power, light or water to the public; any system of public conservancy or sanitation.

What are public utility services under Industrial Disputes Act?

As per Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Section 2(n) defines public utility service” as–

  • any railway serviceor any transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by air
  • any service in, or in connection with the working of, any major port or dock
  • any section of an industrial establishment, on the working of which the safety of the establishment or the workmen employed therein depends
  • any postal, telegraphor telephone service
  • any industry which supplies power, light or water to the public
  • any system of public conservancyor sanitation
  • Any industry specified in the First Schedule which the appropriate Government may, if satisfied that public emergency or public interest so requires, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to be a public utility service for the purposes of this Act, for such period as may be specified in the notification.

 

 

After introduction of which act in India, the right to strike was recognized as a statutory right?

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Answer:

  • It was only after the enactment of Industrial Disputes Act in 1947that the right to strike was recognized under Section 22(1) (a) of the act as a statutory right.

Enrich Your Learning:

Right to Strike

  • Right to Strike is not a fundamental right in India.
  • It was only after the enactment of Industrial Disputes Act in 1947that the right to strike was recognized under Section 22(1) (a) of the act as a statutory right.
  • On the other hand, Article 19(1) (c)gives the right to form association and trade unions.
  • In India, right to protest is a fundamental right under Article 19 of the Constitution of India.
  • However, right to strike is not a fundamental right but a legal right with restrictions prescribed under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
  • Essential Services Maintenance Actoutright bans key employees of essential services from strike altogether.

Essential Services Management Act, 1968:

  • It was enacted to ensure delivery of certain “essential” services, which if hindered would affect the normal life of the people.
  • It also allows states (barring Jammu & Kashmir, except to the extent to which the provisions of this Act relate to Union employees) to choose the essential services on which to enforce this act.
  • It was enacted to ensure the delivery of certain commodities or products, the supply of which if obstructed owing to hoarding or black-marketing would affect the normal life of the people.
  • This includes foodstuff, drugs, petroleum products etc.


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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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