Answer: World Bank
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Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project
- In the 1990s, a World Bankassisted DSRP project was launched to rehabilitate 183 distressed dams.
- In April 2012,Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission embarked upon the 6-year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance.
- The objective of the DRIP for India is to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams in the territory of the participating states.
- The project originally envisaged the rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in four states namely, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu.
- Presently, DRIP covers rehabilitation of large dam projects located in seven states namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand.
- In Odisha, 26 large damsare covered under DRIP for rehabilitation including construction of an additional spill way for the Hirakud dam to address the hydrological safety.
Projects under DRIP:
- Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA),a software tool for asset management has been developed to capture authentic data pertaining to all large dams to act as information repository.
- It covers the monitoring and health information to regularly review the safety aspects of any dam.
- Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS)is an interactive program to estimate Seismic Hazard at a point in South Indian region.
Components of DRIP:
Rehabilitation and improvement of dams:
- This component focuses on structural and non-structural measures of dams.
- The states have done a review of the status of their dams and have determined those dams that are most in need of rehabilitation and improvement.
Dam safety institutional strengthening:
- The objective of the component is to strengthen the Dam Safety Organization(DSO) at national level in the Central Water Commission (CWC) and Water Resources Departments (WRD) as well as the State Electricity Boards (SEB) in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
- DSOs will become effective organizations that can take the lead in overseeing that dams remain safe from a structural and operational point of view.
- Efficient Management and monitoring of DRIP is critical for implementation.
Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA)
- A software programme known as Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA) was also launched to document authentic asset and health information pertaining to the large dams in the country.
- DHARMA is a web tool to help dam owners to digitise all dam-related data effectively, store, monitor and take appropriate actions to ensure need-based rehabilitation.
- It is a new stride in asset management aspect by India.