Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-69] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Changi naval base; Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh; Sisseri River Bridge; Tobacco Board; Red Sea; Zamora Reef; Fire Services; Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project; Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC); Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC);
By IASToppers
May 17, 2020



Name the authority that certifies films in India.

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  • Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) certifies films in India.

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Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)

  • Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, regulating the public exhibition of filmsunder the provisions of the Cinematograph Act, 1952.
  • Films can be publicity exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification.
  • Though the first film in India (Raja Harishchandra) was produced in 1913by Dadasaheb Phalke, the Indian Cinematograph Act was passed and came into effect only in 1920. 
  • Censor Boards(as they were called then) were placed under police chiefs in cities of Madras, Bombay, Calcutta, Lahore and Rangoon.
  • Regional censors were independent.
  • After Independence autonomy of regional censors was absolished and they were brought under the Bombay Board of Film Censors.
  • With implementation of Cinematograph Act, 1952, the board was unified and reconstituted, as the Central Board of Film Censors.
  • Cinematograph (Certification) Ruleswere revised in 1983 and since then the Central Board of Film Censors became known as the Central Board of Film Certification.
  • The Board consists of non-official members and a chairman (all of whom are appointed by central government) and functions with headquarters at Mumbai.
  • It has nine regional offices, one each at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Cuttack and Guwahati.
  • The regional offices are assisted in the examination of films by Advisory Panels.
  • The members of the panels are nominated by central government by drawing people from different walks of life for a period of 2 years.
  • The Certification process is in accordance with the Cinamatograph Act, 1952, the Cinematograph (Certification) Rules, 1983, and the guidelines issued by the central government u/s 5(b).
  • Initially there were only two grading, U and A.In 1983 two more rating were introduced i.e., UA and S.
  • UA means it can be unrestricted public exhibition but with a word of caution that children below 12 years of age will require the parental guidance, the S category is only for special class of persons like doctors, etc.



Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has designated Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) as the Tsunami Service Provider for the entire Indian Ocean Region. True OR False.

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Answer: True

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Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC)

  • The Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) kept the watch of all tsunamigenic earthquakes in and around the Indian Ocean and issued appropriate messages in the event of any threats from potential tsunamis.
  • It has the responsibility to provide tsunami advisories to Indian Mainland and the Island regions.
  • Acting as one of the Regional Tsunami Advisory service Providers(RTSPs) for the Indian Ocean Region, ITEWS also provide tsunami advisories to the Indian Ocean rim countries along with Australia & Indonesia.
  • ITEWC comprises a real-time seismic monitoring network of broadband seismic stations.
  • ITEWC is also receiving data in real time from 350 seismic stations, 50 tsunami buoys and 300 tide gauges established in the Indian as well as the other oceans by other countries and international agencies.
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(IOC) of UNESCO has designated ITEWC as the Tsunami Service Provider (TSP) for the entire Indian Ocean Region.
  • Since 2012, ITEWC is providing tsunami advisories and related services to about 25 countries.
  • Currently Warning Centre disseminates tsunami bulletins to various stakeholders through multiple dissemination modes simultaneously (Fax, Phone, Emails, GTS and SMS etc.).



Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project are assisted by which bank?

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Answer: World Bank

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Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project

  • In the 1990s, a World Bankassisted DSRP project was launched to rehabilitate 183 distressed dams.
  • In April 2012,Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission embarked upon the 6-year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance.
  • The objective of the DRIP for India is to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams in the territory of the participating states.
  • The project originally envisaged the rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in four states namely, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Presently, DRIP covers rehabilitation of large dam projects located in seven states namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand.
  • In Odisha, 26 large damsare covered under DRIP for rehabilitation including construction of an additional spill way for the Hirakud dam to address the hydrological safety.

Projects under DRIP:

  • Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA),a software tool for asset management has been developed to capture authentic data pertaining to all large dams to act as information repository.
  • It covers the monitoring and health information to regularly review the safety aspects of any dam.
  • Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS)is an interactive program to estimate Seismic Hazard at a point in South Indian region.

Components of DRIP:

Rehabilitation and improvement of dams:

  • This component focuses on structural and non-structural measures of dams.
  • The states have done a review of the status of their dams and have determined those dams that are most in need of rehabilitation and improvement.

Dam safety institutional strengthening:

  • The objective of the component is to strengthen the Dam Safety Organization(DSO) at national level in the Central Water Commission (CWC) and Water Resources Departments (WRD) as well as the State Electricity Boards (SEB) in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • DSOs will become effective organizations that can take the lead in overseeing that dams remain safe from a structural and operational point of view.

Project management:

  • Efficient Management and monitoring of DRIP is critical for implementation.

Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA)

  • A software programme known as Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA) was also launched to document authentic asset and health information pertaining to the large dams in the country.
  • DHARMA is a web tool to help dam owners to digitise all dam-related data effectively, store, monitor and take appropriate actions to ensure need-based rehabilitation.
  • It is a new stride in asset management aspect by India.



Fire Services is in a) States list OR ii) Union List OR c) Concurrent List?

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  • Fire Services is in state list.

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Fire Services

  • “Fire Services” is a state subjectand has been included as a municipal function in the XII schedule of the Constitution of India in terms of Article 243- W.
  • As such, it is the primary responsibility of the state governments/municipal bodiesto enforce the National Building Code and allocate sufficient resources for strengthening and equipping Fire Services to ensure that safety of life and property of citizens within their jurisdiction.
  • The 13th Finance Commission recognizing the need to restructure Fire and Emergency Services across the country has recommended that a portion of the grants provided to the urban local bodies should be spent on revamping of fire services within their respective jurisdiction.
  • Further the Finance Commission has also recommended that all municipal corporations with a population of more than 1 million (2001 census) must put in place a fire hazard response and mitigation plan for their respective areas.
  • Government of India as a supplemental initiative is also implementing a centrally sponsored scheme at a cost of ₹ 200 crores for strengthening of Fire and Emergency Services in the country.
  • The Scheme attempts to fill the existing gaps in fire fighting and rescue capabilities through introduction of modern technology such as advanced fire tender, high pressure pump with mist technology, quick response team vehicle, combi toolsfor search and rescue and capacity building of various stakeholders.



Where is Zamora Reef located?

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  • Subi Reef,also known as Zhubi/Zamora Reef, is a reef in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea.

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Why in News?

  • The Integrated Research Center for Islands and Reefsof the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) officially launched research centers on Zamora (Subi) Reef and Kagitingan (Fiery Cross) Reef, according to a report by the Chinese state-run Xinhua news agency on March 20.

About Zamora Reef:

  • Subi Reef,also known as Zhubi Reef or Zamora is a reef in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea.
  • It is occupied by China, and claimed by Taiwan, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
  • It currently falls under the de facto jurisdiction of Nansha islands, Sansha city, Hainan province, China.



Which countries share borders with the ‘Red Sea’?

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  • Egypt, Sudan, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia share borders with the ‘Red Sea’.


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Red Sea

  • Red Sea runs between the two continents Africa and Asia.
  • It is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean.
  • Four African countriesborder the Red Sea on the western side, while two Asian countries in east.
  • The countries that border Red Sea are:
    • Egypt to the west and north, and
    • Sudan, Djibouti, and Eritrea to the west.
    • Yemen and Saudi Arabia in East.
  • The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden.To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).



Tobacco Board regulates the production and curing of Virginia tobacco in India. India is the world’s a) Second OR b) Third OR c) Fourth largest producer of Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco.

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  • India is the world’sfourth largest producer of Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco.

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Tobacco Board

  • Tobacco Board is a statutory bodyestablished under Ministry of Commerce and Industry.


  • Regulating the production and curing of Virginia tobaccoin India,
  • Implementation of developmental activities for improving the quality of tobacco,
  • Facilitating sale of tobacco through e-auctions on the auction floors of the Board,
  • Undertaking various grower welfare measures
  • Export promotion of tobacco and tobacco products

Key Facts:

  • India is the world’s fourthlargest producer of Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco.
  • About 88,000 FCV tobaccofarmers and their families in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are dependent on this crop for their livelihood.



Sisseri River, as recently seen in news, is located in which state?  

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Answer: Sisseri River is located in Arunachal Pradesh.

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Sisseri River Bridge

  • Defence Minister of Indiainaugurated the Sisseri River Bridge at Lower Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It is a 200-metre long bridgebetween Jonai-Pasighat-Ranaghat-Roing roads.

Significance of the bridge:

  • It will ease connectivity between Dibang Valley and Siang.
  • It will cut down the travel time by about five hours from Pasighat to Roing.
  • It will play an important role in the overall development of the regionand would provide more opportunities in the fields of employment, trade & tourism.
  • The bridge was constructed by ‘Project Brahmank’ of Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
  • This bridge is strategically important from the military viewpoint and will be a part of Trans Arunachal Highway.

Border Area Development Programme

  • The Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs has been implementing the Border Area Development Programme (BADP) through the State Governmentsas part of a comprehensive approach to Border Management.
  • The programme aims to meet the special development needsof the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the international border and to saturate the border areas with the essential infrastructure.
  • Under this programme priority is given to the areas closer to the border.
  • BADP was initiated in the border areas of the western region during that Seventh Five Year PlanThe programme now covers 17 States: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.



What information does Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh contain?

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  • It is a repository of diverse crops across 128 agro-climatic zones in India for better nutritional outcomes.

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Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh

  • The Union Minister of Women and Child Development (WCD)and Textiles, along with Bill Gates, co-chair of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation launched the Bharatiya Poshan Krishi Kosh (BPKK) in New Delhi.
  • The BPKK is a repository of diverse crops across 128 agro-climatic zones in India for better nutritional outcomes.
  • On this occasion, eminent agricultural scientist, Dr. M. S. Swaminathansaid that to make India nutrition secure, a five-point action programme has to be implemented:
  • Ensure calorie rich diet for women, expectant mothers and children
  • Ensure intake of proteins in the form of pulses to eradicate protein hunger in women and children
  • Eradicate hidden hunger due to deficiency of micro nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin B, Iron and Zinc
  • Ensure clean drinking water supply
  • Spreading nutrition literacy in every village particularly in mothers with children less than 100 days’ old.



Changi Naval Base is the naval facility of which country?

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  • It is a naval facility of

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Changi naval base









  • Changi Naval Base (CNB),officially known as RSS Singapura – Changi Naval Base, is the naval facility of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and was built to replace Brani Naval Base.
  • It was officially opened in2004.
  • One of its key features is the use of state-of-the-art technology and engineering designs to reduce manpower usage and increase operational efficiency.
  • The base is also available for use by the navies of countries such as USA, Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan, China, India, Britain, New Zealand and Australia.

Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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