Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-7] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Shore Temple;Papikonda National Park; Taj Trapezium Zone(TTZ); Stagflation; Scheme of Vocationalisation of School Education; Mullaperiyar Dam; Kuchipudi Dance Form; Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System (GRAF); Kolam Tribe & Pradhan Tribe; National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management.
By IASToppers
March 12, 2020

 

 

Recently, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change formed which body to undertake studies and research in the area of Coastal Zone Management including coastal resources and environment.?

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Answer:

National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management

Enrich Your Learning:

National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management:

  • Recently, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change set up the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM) at Chennai to undertake studies and research in the area of Coastal Zone Management including coastal resources and environment.

About NCSCM:

  • NCSCM is partnering with leading national and international research institutions and agencies through advanced research, networking, scientific committees and peer reviewed publications in international journals.
  • NCSCM is mandated to disseminating knowledge pertaining to coastal management by capacity building at all levels for the benefit of coastal communities and stakeholders.
  • NCSCM’s Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Plan has been developed on international standards that can be replicated in other parts of the World.
  • For the first time, Integrated Island Management plans including holistic island development plans have been prepared by NCSCM for implementation by coastal States/ UTs.

Aims and Objectives of NCSCM:

  • Strive for being a World Class Knowledge Institution related to coastal zones, environment, resources and processes.
  • To promote integrated and sustainable management of the coastal and marine areas in India for the benefit and wellbeing of the traditional coastal and island communities.
  • Advice the Union and State Governments and other associated stakeholder(s) on policy and scientific matters related to Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM).

 

 

Kolam Tribe & Pradhan Tribe are located in which Indian State? a) Telangana OR b) Tamil Nadu

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Answer:

Telangana

Enrich Your Learning:

Kolam Tribe & Pradhan Tribe:

  • The Jangubai Cave Temple and the Kaplai Caves are the pilgrim centres which located at the rocky hills of the desolate inter-State border Kumram Bheem of Telangana and Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.
  • These both caves are the ritual centre for Kolam and Pradhan Tribe and they are the centuries-old hollow structures.
  • The Jangubai Cave Temple is a popular pilgrim centre for the Raj Gond, Pardhan and Kolam tribes of former composite Adilabad district in Telangana.
  • According to Kolam tribe, the Kaplai Caves which are said to be much longer, even running into a few kilometres.
  • Kolam pilgrims from Jaduguda and Gundala in Adilabad district visits the place for giving the wooden ‘ayyak’ (traditional totem) or Bheem god the annual ritualistic bath in the cave stream.
  • There is a stream runs under the rocky roof inside the cave which is where the Adivasi take the holy dip.
  • The pilgrims of these tribes also perform puja, and visit the temple of Lord Shiva located near Kaplai in green valley. This temple is on a large piece of rock at a higher place and can be accessed through a staircase.

 

 

Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System (GRAF) is developed by International technology company IBM in India, which can generate forecasts at a resolution of 10 kilometres. True OR False.

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Answer:

False. Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System can generate forecasts at a resolution of 3 kilometres.

Enrich Your Learning:

Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System (GRAF):

  • International technology company IBM (The International Business Machines Corporation) plans to make a high-resolution weather forecast model called GRAF that will also rely on user-generated data to improve the accuracy of forecasts available in India.
  • IBM GRAF can generate forecasts at a resolution of 3 kilometres. This is a significantly higher resolution than the 12-kilometre models used by the India Meteorological Department to generate forecasts.
  • These weather forecast techniques rely on dynamic modelling and collect a trove of atmospheric and ocean data, crunch it in supercomputers and generate forecasts over desired time-frames — three days, weekly or fortnightly.
  • These forecasts are 30% more accurate than those generated by 12-km resolution models by IMD.
  • For its forecasts, IBM relies on a global network of sensors automatic weather station, data buoys and barometric pressure data from cell phones of users who’ve downloaded the application.

Benefits:

  • Weather forecasts will be available to individuals for free download and can be used by farmers.
  • The forecast engine will also be used to provide custom forecasts for energy companies, consumer brands, insurance businesses and satellite imagery analysts.

Criticism:

  • Researchers said that a three kilometre resolution didn’t automatically improve accuracy, It’s the relationship between atmospheric variables that play a crucial role in the accuracy of a forecast.
  • There is combination of observations, computing and equations underlies forecasts. Moreover, forecasting tropical conditions over India is particularly tricky.

 

 

The Kuchipudi style was conceived by a) Shri Ramamohanan OR b) Siddhendra Yogi?

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Answer:

The Kuchipudi style was conceived by Siddhendra Yogi, a talented Vaishnava poet of 17th century.

Enrich Your Learning:

Kuchipudi Dance Form:

  • Kuchipudi is one of the classical styles of Indian dance.
  • It is the classical dance form from the South-East Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It derives its name from the village of Kuchelapuram, a small village about 65 kms from Vijaywada.
  • The Kuchipudi style was conceived by Siddhendra Yogi, a talented Vaishnava poet of 17th century.
  • It is known for its graceful movements and its strong narrative / dramatic character.
  • Kuchipudi is characterized by fast rhythms and fluid movements, creating a unique blend of control and abandon, strength and delicacy.
  • Kuchipudi exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and mythological tales through a combination of music, dance and acting.
  • Like other classical dances, Kuchipudi also comprises pure dance, mime and histrionics but it is the use of speech that distinguishes Kuchipudi’s presentation as dance drama.
  • It is a dance-drama performance art, with its roots in the ancient Hindu Sanskrit text of Natya Shastra.
  • It begins with an invocation to Lord Ganesha followed by nritta (non-narrative and abstract dancing); shabdam (narrative dancing) and natya.
  • The dance is accompanied by song which is typically Carnatic music.
  • The singer is accompanied by musical instruments like mridangam, violin, flute and tambura.

 

 

Recently, the Ministry of Jal Shakti has constituted Supervisory Committee for which dam with representative from Central Water Commission (CWC) and one representative each from Kerala and Tamil Nadu?

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Answer:

Mullaperiyar Dam on Periyar river.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • Recently, as per directions of the Supreme Court, the Ministry of Jal Shakti has constituted a three-member Supervisory Committee with representative from Central Water Commission (CWC) (Chairman of the committee) and one representative each from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Mullaperiyar Dam:

  • Mullaiperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located above mean sea level, on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala.

The mandate of the committee:

  • The committee shall supervise the restoration of FRL (Full Reservoir Level) in the Mullaperiyar Dam to the elevation of 142 ft.

As per findings of the Empowered Committee constituted by the Supreme Court, the dam is hydrologically, structurally and seismically safe. 

Periyar River:

  • Periyar River is located in
  • The river rises in the Western Ghats range near the border with Tamil Nadu state and flows north a short distance to Periyar Lake.
  • It is ringed by mountain peaks, and is surrounded by a wildlife sanctuary. A tunnel carries water from the lake eastward through the mountains to the Vaigai River in Tamil Nadu, where it is used for irrigation.
  • From the lake the Periyar River continues to flow generally north to where it is impounded by an arch dam at Idukki that forms another large reservoir and is a major source of hydroelectric power for Kerala.
  • The river continues northwest, descending out of the mountains and onto the coastal plain, and turns west before emptying into the Arabian Sea.

 

 

Which Ministry is implementing the Scheme of Vocationalisation of School Education? a) Ministry of Commerce and Industry OR b) Ministry of Human Resource Development

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Answer:

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development is implementing the Scheme of Vocationalisation of School Education.

Enrich Your Learning:

Scheme of Vocationalisation of School Education

  • Launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is a part of the Samagra Shiksha – an integrated scheme for school education initiative. Till 2018-19, the scheme has been implemented in 8654 schools, with a reported enrolment of more than 10 lakhs students
  • Under the scheme, a vocational subject is offered for students of Classes IX to XII. The main aim is to provide necessary employability and vocational skills for a variety of occupations.
  • The scheme is implemented in all states and union territories.

 

 

Stagflation is an economic situation where there is high unemployment and high inflation. True OR False.

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Answer:

True

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Stagflation?

Stagflation is an economic situation where three phenomena coexist simultaneously. These are stagnation of the economy, high unemployment and high inflation.

Supply shocks and poor implementation of fiscal and government policies are some of the causes of stagflation.

The US economy in the 1970s experienced stagflation.

What are the effects of Stagflation?

  • Some sectors involved in commodities like oil, gold etc generate huge profits due to appreciation of the commodity prices.
  • Stagnation of the economy can cause a high degree of unemployment. Prolonged stagflation and following an expansionary policy can result in hyperinflation, as observed in Zimbabwe.
  • The options/tools available to deal with stagflation can result in a negative externality. For e.g. if the government focusses on controlling inflation in a stagflation economy, it can make stagnation and unemployment worse, alternatively, if it focusses on fixing stagnation and unemployment, it can affect inflation.

The purchasing power of the population declines.

 

 

Which among these two World Heritage Sites is included in the Taj Trapezium Zone? a) Temples of Khajuraho OR b) Fatehpur Sikri

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Answer:

  • Fatehpur Sikri is included in the Taj Trapezium Zone. Other World Heritage sites include Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is the Taj Trapezium Zone(TTZ)?

  • Taj Trapezium zone is an area around the Taj Mahal to protect the monument. TTZ covers a total of six districts, five in Uttar Pradesh and one in Rajasthan.
  • Apart from the Taj Mahal, the other two World Heritage sites, the Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri also fall under the TTZ.
  • TTZ was created after the Supreme Court of India judgment aimed to protect the Taj Mahal from environmental pollution.

Why was Taj Trapezium Zone created?

A large number of industries and power plants existed near Agra, which was releasing pollutants high in sulphur and nitrogen oxides. Furthermore, the interaction of these elements with clouds would give rise to acid rain.  The Taj Mahal, made of marble, was particularly more prone to damage caused by acid rain.

What other measures were taken to reduce environmental pollution?

  • Use of natural gas or LPG as fuel instead of coal or oil for the 2000 polluting industries in the zone
  • People to be encouraged to use liquefied petroleum gas.

Use of low sulphur content diesel in vehicles will be encouraged.

 

 

Under whose reign was the Shore Temple built? a) The Rashtrakutas OR b) The Pallavas

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Answer:

  • The Shore Temple was built under the reign of The Pallavas.

Enrich Your Learning:

Where is Shore Temple Located?

Shore Temple is located in Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu.

What are the unique features of the Shore Temple?

  • Shore temple is a UNESCO World Heritage site built in 700-728 AD.
  • The granite structure was created under the reign of Narasimhavarman II under the Pallava Dynasty. The temple is among the earliest structural temples in South India.
  • The temple follows the Dravidian style of architecture. There are three shrines in the temple, two dedicated to Shiva and one dedicated to Vishnu. The Vishnu shrine is the oldest.

What are the threats faced by Shore Temple?

  • Increased coastal erosion is resulting in the shoreline receding quickly along the Shore Temple. Anthropogenic causes like the construction of harbours, beach sand mining and building of dams across rivers have reduced the supply of sediments to the coastline.

Natural causes such as sea-level rise and cyclones are also important factors.

 

 

Which river flows through Papikonda National Park? a) River Krishna OR b) River Godavari

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Answer:

  • River Godavari flows through Papikonda National Park.

Enrich Your Learning:

Papikonda National Park

Papikonda National Park, declared as a national park in 2008, is located in Andhra Pradesh.

What are the key Habitats found in Papikonda National Park?

Southern Tropical Secondary Dry Deciduous Forest, Southern Secondary Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest, Semi-evergreen Rain Forest, Dry Savannah

What are the key Flora and Fauna?

Flora includes: Moist deciduous type of trees dominates the landscape, for example, Pterocarpus marsupium, Terminalia elliptica, Terminalia arjuna, etc.

Fauna like Carnivores includes Tiger, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Rusty-spotted Cat, Asiatic Wild Dog or Dhole can be found here.

What are the Major Threats to the Park?

Forest encroachment, Hunting, Dam building, Mining, forest fires, Invasive species, Naxalites and among others.

Additional Information:

  • River Godavari flows through this national park.
  • The park is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.
  • Several indigenous tribes such as the Konda Reddi, Konda Dora, and Koya are present in the area.
  • A butterfly species survey would be undertaken in this national park. The diversity of butterfly species would be considered as a health indicator of the national park.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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