Flash Card

LAKSHYA-75 [Day-8] Current Flash Cards for IAS Prelims 2020

Hunar Haat; National Institute of Oceanography; Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS); Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC); Xinjiang Province of China; Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti; CFA franc to Eco; Chillai-Kalan; Nirbhaya Fund; SHe-Box?
By IASToppers
March 13, 2020

 

 

What is SHe-Box?

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Solution:

SHe-Box is an online Complaint Management System for lodging complaints related to workplace sexual harassment.

Enrich Your Learning:

SHe-Box:

  • The Sexual Harassment electronic Box (SHe-Box) provides single window access to every woman to facilitate sexual harassment complaint.
  • The portal is an initiative to provide a platform to women working or visiting any office of Central Government (Central Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Undertakings, Autonomous Bodies and Institutions etc.) to file complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace.
  • The platform seeks to ensure “effective implementation” of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013.

How will it work?

  • Once a complaint is submitted to the ‘SHe-Box’, it will be directly sent to the internal complaints (ICC) committee of the ministry/ department/ PSU/ autonomous body etc concerned, having jurisdiction to inquire into the matter.
  • The ICC will take action as prescribed under the Act and update the status of the complaint.

 

 

Under Nirbhaya fund, the cost of projects/schemes of the State Government will be shared in the ratio of 60:40 as per guidelines of Ministry of Finance. True OR False.

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Solution:

True

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in news?

  • In accordance with the Framework for Nirbhaya Fund, an Empowered Committee (EC) of officers chaired by the Secretary, Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD) appraises and recommends proposals to be funded under this framework.

Nirbhaya Fund:

  • The Nirbhaya Fund was started in 2013 by Government of India to implement initiatives aimed at enhancing safety and security of women across the country.
  • The Fund is administered by Department of Economic Affairs of the Finance Ministry.
  • This fund is expected to support initiatives by the government and NGOs working towards protecting the dignity and ensuring safety of women in India.
  • This fund was instituted following gang rape of a girl in Delhi in 2012 which triggered a nation-wide outrage and protests.
  • Till date, 30 projects/ schemes have been appraised and recommended by the Empowered Committee of officers for funding under Nirbhaya Fund.
  • However, only 42% of Nirbhaya fund released for projects since 2015.
  • A total of 59 proposals/schemes have been received from various Ministries and State Governments and UT Administrations under Nirbhaya Fund during the last three years 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19 onwards.

More about the Nirbhaya Fund:

  • It is a non-lapsable corpus fund.
  • Ministry of Women and Child Development is the nodal Ministry to appraise schemes under Nirbhaya Fund and also to review and monitor the progress of sanctioned Schemes in conjunction with the line Ministries/Departments.
  • The cost of projects/schemes of the State Government will be shared in the ratio of 60:40 (as per guidelines of Ministry of Finance) under Nirbhaya fund.

Schemes of Ministry of Women and Child Development under Nirbhaya Fund:

  • Keeping in mind the need to have schematic interventions and proper mechanism for handholding of women in distress, 3 schemes were initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development from the Nirbhaya Fund.
  • ‘One Stop Centre’,
  • ‘Universalisation of Women Helpline’
  • ‘Mahila Police Volunteer’

 

 

Define the term ‘Chillai-Kalan’.

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Solution:

In Kashmir, the traditional 40-day period of extreme cold, known as ‘Chillai-Kalan’ when the chances of snowfall are most frequent and maximum and the temperature drops considerably.

Enrich Your Learning:

Chillai-Kalan:

  • Chillai-Kalan is the 40-day period of harsh winter that begins from December 21 and ends on January 31 next year.
  • Chillai-Kalan is followed by:
  • A 20-day long Chillai-Khurd(small cold) that occurs between January 31 and February 19.
  • A 10-day long Chillai-Bachha(baby cold) which is from February 20 to March 2.
  • As per India Meteorological Department (IMD), the period mostly remains wet as the upper part of the Kashmir Valley receives heavy snowfall and the minimum temperature drops considerably.
  • During this period, water bodies like lakes, rivers and streams get frozen with a thick layer of ice.
  • In Kashmir “Chillai Kalan” is considered to be the severest part of the winter for which people brace up in advance.

 

 

Recently, which nations have agreed to change their common currency name from ‘CFA franc’ to ‘Eco’?

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Solution:

Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo are the eight West African countries have agreed to change the name of their common currency to Eco and severed their earlier currency CFA Franc’s links to former colonial ruler France.

Enrich Your Learning:

Eight West African nations common currency: CFA franc’ to ‘Eco’:

  • The CFA Franc was initially pegged to the French franc and has been linked to the euro for about two decades.The CFA franc was seen by many as a sign of French interference in its former African colonies even after the countries became independent.
  • Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo currently use the currency. All the countries are former French colonies with the exception of Guinea-Bissau.
  • The common currency Eco will see the light of day in 2020.
  • It is the name of two currencies- ‘the West African CFA franc’, which is used in 8 West African countries, and ‘Central African CFA franc’, which is used in 6 Central African countries. Both currencies are guaranteed by French treasury and was created in 1945.
  • The Economic Community of West African States regional bloc, known as ECOWAS, earlier urged members to push on with efforts to establish a common currency.
  • Eight of them currently use the CFA franc, moored to the single European currency and gathered in an organisation called the West African Monetary Union, or WAMU.

Key Fact:

ECOWAS was set up in 1975 and comprises Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo representing a total population of around 385 million.

 

 

Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti are the two ports which were recently seen in news. They are located in: a) Persian Gulf OR b) Gulf of Oman

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Solution:

Gulf of Oman

Enrich Your Learning:

Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti:

  • Chabahar port is located in the Sistan, Baluchistan province of Iran in the Gulf of Oman.
  • Chabahar port consists of two port complexes, named shahid Kalantari port and Shahid beheshti port.
  • Shahid kalantari port is a traffic port and the vision of shahid beheshti port development is to transform it into a multimodal and forth generation port, hence it can play as the regional Hub port.
  • Generally, shahid beheshti port development plan consists of five main phases, to be completed by the 2024.
  • The Government of India took over the operations of a part of Shahid Beheshti Port in Iran during the Chabahar Trilateral Agreement.

Background:

  • India and Iran first agreed upon plans to further develop ‘Shahid Beheshti’ port in 2003, but India was deterred by sanctions against Iran.
  • Under the Indo-Iranian agreement of May 2016, India would refurbish one of the berths at ‘Shahid Beheshti’, and reconstruct a 600-meter long container handling facility at the port.
  • The bilateral agreement between India and Iran gives India the right to develop two berths of the Chabahar port as agreed in 2015, allowing them to be operated for 10 years by India Ports Global, which is a joint venture between Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and Kandla Port Trust, in partnership with Iran’s Aria Banader.

Significance for India:

  • The port is being considered as a gateway to golden opportunities for trade by India, Iran and Afghanistan with central Asian countries, besides increasing trade among the three countries in the wake of Pakistan denying transit access to New Delhi.
  • Developing the port is understood to be a major breakthrough for India’s trade with West Asia.
  • It gives India a foothold in the western Arabian Sea, which is important as many of its energy imports pass through the route.

Key Facts:

  • The heads of Indian, Iranian and Afghanistan delegation jointly inaugurated the office of the Indian SPV – India Ports Global Chabahar Free Zone (IPGCFZ), at Chabahar.

This is the first time India will be operating a port outside its territories.

 

 

Which province of China is bordered with Aksai Chin that is claimed by India? a) Guizhou OR b) Xinjiang

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Solution:

Xinjiang

Enrich Your Learning:

Xinjiang Province of China:

  • It is a provincial-level autonomous region of China.
  • It is the largest Chinese administrative division and the eighth largest country subdivision in the world.
  • Xinjiang contains the disputed territory of Aksai Chin, which is administered by China and claimed by India.
  • It shares borders with eight countries, including India, Pakistan, Russia and Afghanistan.
  • Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and India.
  • The Karakoram, Kunlun, and Tian Shan mountain ranges occupy much of Xinjiang’s borders.
  • Xinjiang also borders Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai.
  • The most well-known route of the historical Silk Road ran through the territory from the east to its northwestern border.

 

 

Which organization is the second largest inter-governmental organization in the world after the United Nations?

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Solution:

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Enrich Your Learning:

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):

  • OIC is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states. It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
  • It is headquartered at Saudi Arabia.
  • The organization states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony “.

Background:

  • The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Morocco in 1969 following the criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.

Members:

  • The majority of its member states are Muslim-majority countries, while others have significant Muslim populations, including several African and South American countries.
  • 22 members of the Arab League are also part of the OIC, the organization has several significant non-Arab member states, including Turkey, Iran and Pakistan.

Key Facts:

  • The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
  • The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French.
  • There are specialized organs under the OIC that includes the Islamic Development Bank and the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, as well as other subsidiary and affiliate organs.
  • OIC has been criticized by many Muslims for its lack of real engagement and solutions for Muslim countries in crisis. It is said to have made progress in social and academic terms but not politically.

 

 

Who chairs the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)?

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Solution:

Prime Minister of India

Enrich Your Learning:

Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS):

  • In a parliamentary democracy, a cabinet minister with the title of prime minister is the executive head of the government, while the head of state is a largely ceremonial monarch or president.
  • In most cases, the prime minister sets up different cabinet committees with select members of the cabinet and assigns specific functions to such committees for smooth and convenient functioning of the government.
  • Major decisions with respect to the significant appointments, issues of national security, defence expenditure of India, are taken by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) in India.
  • The Prime Minister chairs the CCS which comprises the minister of external affairs, the home minister, finance minister, and the defence minister.
  • Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the creation of a chief of defence staff (CDS) who will be the single-point military adviser to the government.

Functions of Cabinet Committee on Security:

  • To deal with all defense related issues.
  • To deal with issues relating to law and order and internal security.
  • To deal with policy matters concerning foreign affairs that have internal or
    external security implications, including cases relating to agreements with other
    countries on security-related issues.
  • To deal with economic and political issues impinging on national security.
  • To review the manpower requirements relating to national security and setting up new structures to deal with security-related issues.
  • To consider all cases involving capital expenditure of more than rupees one thousand crore in respect of:
  • Department of Defense Production
  • Department of Defense Research and Development
  • All matters relating to atomic energy.
  • To consider cases of increase in the firmed up cost estimates or revised cost estimates.

 

 

Which is the parent organization of National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)? a) India Meteorological Department OR b) Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

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Solution:

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

Enrich Your Learning:

National Institute of Oceanography:

  • The National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) is one of the 37 constituent laboratories of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi. 
  • CSIR-NIO is an autonomous research organization in India to undertake scientific research and studies of special oceanographic features.
  • NIO is headquartered at Dona Paula, Goa, and has regional centers at Kochi, Mumbai and Visakhapatnam. 
  • NIO was established in 1966 following the International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE) in the 1960s. 

Functions of NIO:

  • It is a multi-disciplinary oceanographic research institute. The major research areas include the four traditional branches of oceanography – biological, chemical, geological/geophysical, and physical – as well as ocean engineering, marine instrumentation and marine archaeology. 
  • It also operates two research vessels RV Sindhu Sankalp and RV Sindhu Sadhanathat are equipped for multidisciplinary oceanographic observations. 
  • CSIR-NIO serves as an advanced center of education in ocean sciences. It has a School of Oceanography under the Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR). 

 

 

Hunar Haat is an exhibition organized by which ministry and under which scheme?

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Solution:

Hunar Haat is an exhibition of handicrafts and traditional products made by artisans from the Minority communities and it organised by Ministry of Minority Affairs under USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme.

Enrich Your Learning:

Hunar Haat:

  • USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme aims at preserving & promoting the traditional arts & crafts of the Minority communities.
  • The scheme aims to establish Hunar Hub in all the states where programs like Hunar Haati and other cultural events are to be organized.
  • All the Hunar Haat, to be organized in 2019 and 2020 is based on the theme of Ek Bharat

Shresth Bharat.

  • Wooden Dhokra Craft (Jharkhand), Shibori (Gujarat), Dhakai Silk (West Bengal) and Black Metal Art (Chhattisgarh) have been brought for the first time to “Hunar Haat”.
  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs will organize more than 100 Hunar Haat in the next five years.

Significance of the exhibition:

  • The exhibition is aimed at promoting and supporting artisans from Minority communities and providing them domestic as well as international market for display and sell their products.
  • The market provides artisans from minority communities a chance to display their products and skills at an international platform.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020 Uncategorized
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