WHO-India-country-cooperation-strategy-2019-iastoppers
PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 10th October 2019 – IASToppers

‘World Health Organisation (WHO) India Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) 2019–2023; WHO Country Cooperation Strategies (CCS); 13th general programme of work 2019−2023; WHO South East Asia; Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship (MGNF) programme; Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) project; Inclusion of families of J&K-1947;
By IASToppers
October 10, 2019

Contents

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Health Ministry launches WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy
  • Ministry of Skill Development Launches Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship Programme

Defence & Security Issues

  • Cabinet approves Inclusion of families of J&K-1947 who initially opted to move outside J&K

 

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Issues related to Health & Education

Health Ministry launches WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy

The Union Health Ministry has launched the ‘World Health Organisation (WHO) India Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) 2019–2023: A Time of Transition’.

Health-Ministry-launches-WHO-India-Country-Cooperation-Strategy-3-IASToppers PIB Daily

ABOUT THE ‘WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO) INDIA COUNTRY COOPERATION STRATEGY (CCS) 2019–2023

  • The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) provides a strategic roadmap for WHO to work with the India towards achieving its health sector goals and in improving the health of its population.

Health-Ministry-launches-WHO-India-Country-Cooperation-Strategyn-IASToppers

  • The India CCS is one of the first that fully aligns itself with the newly adopted WHO 13th General Programme of Work and its ‘triple billion’ targets, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and WHO South-East Asia Region’s eight Flagship Priorities.
  • It identifies current and emerging health needs and challenges such as non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance and air pollution.
  • It builds on other key strategic policy documents including India’s National Health Policy 2017, Ayushman Bharat, National Viral Hepatitis programme etc.

Four areas are identified for strategic cooperation of WHO with India under CCS:

  1. To accelerate progress on Universal Health Coverage (UHC)
  2. To promote health and wellness by addressing determinants of health
  3. To protect the population better against health emergencies
  4. To enhance India’s global leadership in health

ABOUT WHO COUNTRY COOPERATION STRATEGIES

  • The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) is a document to guide WHO’s work in countries.
  • CCS is a medium-term vision for WHO’s technical cooperation with a given Member State, and supports the country’s national health policy, strategy or plan.
  • It builds upon the work that WHO has been carrying out in the last several years.
  • In addition, it identifies current and emerging health needs and challenges such as non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance and air pollution.

ABOUT 13TH GENERAL PROGRAMME OF WORK 2019−2023

The WHO 13th General Programme of Work (GPW 13) was adopted by WHO in May 2018.

  • It has three interconnected strategic priorities to ensure healthy lives and well-being for all ages — achieving universal health coverage, addressing health emergencies and promoting healthier populations.

The triple-billion target, under WHO’s 13th General Programme of Work (2019-2023) aims:

  • To provide a billion more people with universal health coverage
  • To protect another billion people from health emergencies 
  • To provide a further billion with better health and well-being over the next five years.

World Health Organisation iastoppers

WHO South East Asia

WHO South-East Asia Countries

  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Maldives
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste

8 flagship priorities of WHO South East Asia

  • Routine immunization systems and services are strengthened
  • Measles is eliminated and rubella / CRS controlled
  • Polio-free status is maintained
  • Elimination of maternal and neonatal tetanus is sustained
  • Control of Japanese encephalitis is accelerated
  • Control of hepatitis B is accelerated
  • Introduction of new vaccines and related technologies is accelerated
  • Access to high quality vaccines is ensured
[Ref: The Hindu, PIB]

 

Ministry of Skill Development Launches Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship Programme

To boost skill development at the district level, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) signed a contract with the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore for introducing a two-year fellowship programme Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship (MGNF) programme.

MSDE-launches-Mahatma-Gandhi-National-Fellowship-with-IIM-Bangalore-iastoppers

ABOUT THE MGNF PROGRAMME

  • The MGNF program has been designed under Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP).

Mahatma-Gandhi-National-Fellowship-iastoppers

  • The fellowship aims to address the challenge of non-availability of personnel for implementation of various programmes at national, state and district levels.
  • It has an in-built component of on-ground practical experience with the district administration.
  • It is launched on a pilot basis in 75 districts across Gujarat, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

IMPLEMENTATION:

  • In the course of their training, fellows will work under the close supervision of state skill development missions (SSDM) and will spend time and effort in understanding skilling challenges and gaps in the district.

MSDE-launches--mahatma-gandhi--national-fellowship-with-IIM..2-iastoppers

  • They are expected to enrich skilling programmes by bringing in fresh thinking to local planning, execution, community interaction and outcome management.
  • Fellows will receive a stipend of Rs. 50,000 in the first year and Rs. 60,000 in the second year.
  • On completion of their engagement, they will be awarded a Certificate in Public Policy and Management from IIM Bangalore.

ELIGIBILITY FOR FELLOWSHIP

  • Must be 21-30 years’ age-group
  • Proficiency in official language of state of fieldwork
  • Have a graduation degree and be citizens of India

ABOUT SANKALP

SANKALP-scheme1-IASToppers

  • Launched by the Government in January 2018, SANKALP is a World Bank loan assisted project that aims to aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM).
  • Four key result areas have been identified under SANKALP viz: (i) Institutional Strengthening; (ii) Quality Assurance; (iii) Inclusion; and (iv) Expanding Skills through PPPs.

Components

  • Setting up National Skill Certification Body
  • Set up unified National Accreditation board within National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)
  • Development of Labour Market Information System (LMIS)
  • Skill Development Management System (SDMS)
  • Kaushal Mart
  • Takshila: National Portal for trainers
  • India International Skill Centers (IISC)
  • Skills Fund for setting up industry lead and job oriented skill training institutions
[Ref: PIB, The Hindu]

 

Defence & Security Issues

Cabinet approves Inclusion of families of J&K-1947 who initially opted to move outside J&K

The Union Cabinet has approved Inclusion of 5,300 Displaced Families (DP) families of Jammu & Kashmir-1947 who initially opted to move outside J&K but later on settled in J&K in the Rehabilitation Package approved by the Cabinet in 2016 for Displaced Families PoJK and Chhamb.

Cabinet-has-approved-the-inclusion-of-5,300-Displaced-Person-(DP)-families-of-Jammu-&-Kashmir-1947-iastoppers

BACKGROUND

  • In the wake of the 1947 Pakistani aggression in J&K, over 31,000 families migrated from Pakistan Occupied Areas of J&K (PoJK) to J&K. Of these, approx. 26,000 families settled in J&K and 5300 families initially opted to move out of the J&K to other parts of the country.

-Inclusion-of-5,300-DP-families-of-J&K-1947-who-initially- PIB Daily

  • Subsequently, during Indo-Pak Wars of 1965 and 1971, a large number of families were displaced from Chhamb Niabat area of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • In 2016, cabinet approved a package to mitigate the hardship of displaced families from PoJK settled in J&K and ChhambNiabat area. However, it did not include families who initially opted to move out of the state of J&K to other parts of the country.
  • Now, those 5300 DP families are also being included in the recent package.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The approval will enable such Displaced Families to become eligible to get one-time financial assistance of Rs 5.5 Lakhs under the existing scheme, and in turn, be able to get some sustained income which the existing scheme is aimed at.
[Ref: PIB] 

 

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