Government Schemes & Policies
- Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana for Disabled Persons
Issues related to Health & Education
- Ministry of Skill Development Skills Build platform in Collaboration with IBM
- Drug Abuse Among Youths
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Government Schemes & Policies
Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana for Disabled Persons
Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana is a scheme of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
MORE ABOUT RASHTRIYA VAYOSHRI YOJANA:
- This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government.
- The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund”.
- The Scheme duration is for period of the 3 years ie. upto 2019-20.
- The Scheme is implemented through the sole implementing agency – Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO), a PSU under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
- Under the Scheme Aids and Assisted-Living Devices will be provided to eligible elderly beneficiary senior citizens such as Walking sticks, Elbow crutches, Walkers, Hearing Aids, Wheelchair, Artificial Dentures and Spectacles.
- Senior Citizens, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity viz. Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor disability is provided with such assisted-living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions.
ABOUT ASSISTANCE TO DISABLED PERSONS FOR PURCHASE/FITTING OF AIDS AND APPLIANCES (ADIP)’
- Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities is implementing ‘Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids and Appliances (ADIP)’ Scheme.
- Under this scheme, aids and assistive devices are distributed to eligible Divyangjan for their empowerment.
- An Indian citizen of any age.
- Holds a 40% Disablement Certificate.
- Has monthly income from all sources not exceeding Rs. 20,000/- per month. In case of dependents, the income of parents/guardians should not exceed Rs. 20,000/- per month.
- Who have not received assistance during the last 3 years for the same purpose from any source. However, for children below 12 years of age, this limit would be one year.
Issues related to Health & Education
Ministry of Skill Development Skills Build platform in Collaboration with IBM
India is the 4th country where Skills Build platform was launched in November 2019, in alliance with the Directorate General of Training (DGT), after being launched in UK, Germany and France.
ABOUT SKILLSBUILD PLATFORM
- SkillsBuild offers digital learning contentfrom IBM and other online coding teaching companies.
- A two-year advanced diploma in IT, networking and cloud computingwill be offered at the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) & National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs).
- The platform will be extended to train ITI & NSTI facultyon building skills in Artificial Intelligence (AI).
- Skill Build
- Provide a personal assessmentof the cognitive capabilities and personality via MyInnerGenius to the students.
- Teach digital technologiesand professional skills such as resume-writing, problem solving and communication.
- Students will receive recommendationson role-based education for specific jobs.
- Will help develop the skills required to join the workforce in these “New Collar” roles, from the first-of-its kind ‘New Collar Curriculum’ for ITI launched in 2018 by IBM.
WHAT ARE NEW COLLAR JOBS?
- New collar jobs are occupations which focus more on a candidate’s skills during the hiring process, rather than his or her level of education.
- Although new collar jobs do not require a four-year degree, they often do require other types of vocational training and certifications. This are mostly found in the information technology (IT), manufacturing and healthcare industries.
Drug Abuse Among Youths
A National Survey to collect State wise Data on Extent and Pattern of Substance Use was conducted in the country during the year 2018.
HIGHLIGHTS OF SURVEY
- Alcohol is the most common psychoactive substance used by Indians. After Alcohol, Cannabis and Opioids are the next commonly used substances in India.
- Nationally, about 14.6% of the population (between 10 and 75 year of age) uses alcohol.
- For every one woman who consumes alcohol, there are 17 alcohol using men.
- States with the highest prevalence of alcohol use are Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Punjab, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa.
- About 2.8% of the population used cannabis product. The legal form of cannabis is bhang and other illegal cannabis products are ganja and charas.
- States with the highest prevalence of cannabis use are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Delhi.
- About 2.1% of the country’s population uses opioids which include opium, heroin and a variety of pharmaceutical opioids.
- Scientific evidence-based treatment needs to be made available for people with substance use disorders – at the required scale.
- Evidence-based substance use prevention programmes are needed to protect the young people.
- A conducive legal and policy environment is needed to help control drug problems.
- Harm reduction needs to be embraced widely as a philosophy to deal with substance use.
ABOUT THE SURVEY
- It was conducted by the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi.
- It was conducted to generate estimates for eight categories of psychoactive substances: Alcohol, Cannabis, Opioids, Cocaine, Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS), Sedatives, Inhalants and Hallucinogens.
- The report presents major findings of Indian population in the group of 10-75 years.
ABOUT NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION
- The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated and is implementing a National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) for 2018-2025.
- The Plan aims at reduction of adverse consequences of drug abuse through a multi-pronged strategy, including awareness generation programmes, community based interactions for vulnerable adolescent and youth and provisioning of treatment facilities.
- Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment implements a “Central Sector Scheme of Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse” under which financial assistance is provided to eligible Non-Governmental Organizations for running Integrated Rehabilitation Centres for Addicts.
- Narcotics Control Bureau developed a new software: Seizure information management system (SIMS) which create a complete online database of drug offences and offenders.
- Government constituted Narco-Coordination Centre (NCORD) in 2016 and revived the scheme of ‘Financial Assistance to States for Narcotics Control’.
- The government is also conducting National Drug Abuse Survey to measure trends of drug abuse in India through Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment with the help of National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre of AIIMS.