PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 12th,13th & 14th October 2019 – IASToppers

10th National Cultural Festival; First National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey (2015-19); Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT); Location of Comoros; Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019; “mHariyali”; SARAS Aajeevika Mela;
By IASToppers
October 15, 2019

Contents

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in India is 16.9%: Survey

Defence & Security Issues

  • Vice President appeals to ensure early conclusion of Convention on International Terrorism
  • Indo-Japan Joint Military Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019

Art & Culture

  • 10th National Cultural Festival

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Mobile App, “mHariyali” Launched
  • SARAS Aajeevika Mela

 

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Issues related to Health & Education

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in India is 16.9%: Survey

The Union Health Ministry’s first National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey (2015-19) has revealed that the prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is 16.9 per cent while the prevalence of sight-threatening DR is 3.6 per cent.

Prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-India-1 PIB Daily

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FIRST NATIONAL DIABETES AND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY SURVEY (2015-19)

  • Prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with almost same percentage of men (12%) and women (11.7%) suffering from the disease.

Prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-India

  • The prevalence of any form of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic population aged up to 50 years was found to be 17%. The prevalence of DR in the 60-80 years’ age group was higher than in 50-60 years of age group. The prevalence of sight-threatening DR is 3.6 % in India.
  • Prevalence of blindness among diabetics was 2% and visual impairment was 13%.

AS PER WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION:

  • There are approximately 73 million cases of diabetes in adult population of India.
  • The prevalence in urban areas are higher (11-14 %) than in rural India (3-8%) among population aged 20 years and above.

WHAT IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY?

Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease

  • Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes.

DIABETES AND BILNDNESS

  • Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy have been emerging as a significant non-communicable disease leading to ocular morbidity (blindness).
  • Diabetic retinopathy was responsible for over 1% of blindness and of visual impairment globally in 2015.

ABOUT THE SURVEY

  • The survey was conducted during 2015-2019 by Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi).
  • It aimed to assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR) among people with diabetes and to evaluate the coverage of diabetic retinopathy examinations among people with known diabetes.

WHAT IS DIABETES?

  • Diabetes is a chronic, progressive non-communicable disease (NCD) characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (blood glucose).

Diabete

  • People with diabetes have excessively high blood glucose, or blood sugar, which comes from food.

How does it occur?

It occurs when

  • The pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, which regulates blood sugar
  • The body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

Types of Diabetes

Currently, the disease is divided into two sub-types:

  • With type-1 — generally diagnosed in childhood and accounting for about 10% of cases — the body simply doesn’t make insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels.
  • For type-2, the body makes some insulin but not enough, which means glucose stays in the blood. This form of the disease correlates highly with obesity and can, over time, lead to blindness, kidney damage, and heart disease or stroke.

Types of Diabetes

[Ref: PIB, Business Standard, Times of India]

 

Defence & Security Issues 

Vice President appeals to ensure early conclusion of Convention on International Terrorism

Addressing the parliament of Comoros at Moroni, the Vice President of India said that terrorism was increasingly threatening global progress and urged the world community to come together to ensure that the UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism is concluded at the earliest.

Vice-President-appeals-to-world-community

COMPREHENSIVE CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM (CCIT)

  • The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) was originally proposed by India in 1996.
  • The proposed CCIT is a legal framework which would make it binding for all countries to deny funds and safe haven to terror groups.

Its key objectives include:

  1. To have a universal definition of terrorism that all 193-members of the UNGA will adopt into their own criminal law,
  2. To ban all terror groups and shut down terror camps regardless of their stated objectives,
  3. To prosecute all terrorists under special laws, and
  4. To make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offence worldwide.

WHY HAS THE CCIT BEEN OPPOSED?

Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism

  • Currently, the negotiations of the Comprehensive Terrorism Convention are deadlocked because of differences over the definition of terrorism.
  • India’s proposed CCIT counters the opposition from the three main blocs that have raised objections: The U.S., the Organisation of Islamic Countries and the Latin American countries.
  • The most powerful objector, the U.S. has been worried about the application of the CCIT to its own military forces especially with regard to interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq.
  • Latin American countries are concerns about human rights laws. The Organisation of Islamic Countries have been worried about the impact of the CCIT on countries like Pakistan and Palestine.

INDIA-COMOROS RELATIONS

India-Comoros relations

  • Under pan-Africa e-network initiative to implement e-Vidya Bharati and e-Arogya Bharati in Comoros, India is offering free tele-education to students and free tele-medicine courses to doctors and paramedics in various African countries.
  • Partisanship between India and Comoros under the International Solar Alliance can help provide access to energy in the remotest corners. India has provided for a Line of Credit to Comoros for setting up of a power plant in Moroni (capital of Comoros).
  • India and Comoros are collaborating to enhance Comoros human resource potential through flagship Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) programme.

LOCATION OF COMOROS

LOCATION OF COMOROS

  • Comoros is a country comprising three of the Comoro Islands in the Indian Ocean at the end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa.
  • A fourth island, the Mayotte, is claimed by the country of Comoros but administered by France.
  • The Comoros does not share land borders with any countries.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Indo-Japan Joint Military Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019

Joint Military Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN-2019 between India and Japan will be conducted at counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School, Vairengte, Mizoram in Oct- Nov 2019.

DHARMA-GUARDIAN-–-2019-1

ABOUT EXERCISE DHARMA GUARDIAN

  • It is an annual training event between Indian and Japanese military.
  • It is being conducted in India since 2018.

DHARMA-GUARDIAN--2019

  • The scope of this exercise covers platoon level joint training on counter terrorism operations in jungle and urban scenario.
  • This exercises crucial in terms of security challenges faced by both the nations in the backdrop of global terrorism.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Art & Culture

10th National Cultural Festival

In Madhya Pradesh, the 10th edition of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (National Cultural Festival) is being organized by the Union Ministry of Culture under the ‘Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat’ campaign.

Rashtriya-Sanskriti-Mahotsav-1

ABOUT RASHTRIYA SANSKRITI MAHOTSAV

  • Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav was conceived by the Ministry of Culture in 2015.

Rashtriya-Sanskriti-Mahotsav-0

  • It aims to showcase the rich cultural heritage of India in Handicrafts, Cuisine, Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Documentation and Performing Arts-Folk, Tribal, Classical and Contemporary- all in one place.

ABOUT EK BHARAT SHRESHTHA BHARAT PROGRAMME

  • The Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat programme was launched by the Prime Minister on 31st October, 2016 to enhance mutual understanding and bonding between people of diverse cultures, thereby securing stronger unity & integrity of India.

Ek-Bharat-–-Shreshtha-Bharat

Objectives

  • To strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people
  • To Promote the spirit of national integration through a year-long planned engagement between States
  • To Showcase the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either State, fostering a sense of common identity;
  • To Establish long-term engagements
  • To Create an environment which promotes learning between States by sharing best practices
[Ref: PIB, Business Standard]

 

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Mobile App, “mHariyali” Launched

Housing & Urban Affairs minister launch the mobile app, mHariyali, to improve the quality of life of citizens.

mHariyali-app-7

ABOUT THE MHARIYALI APP

mHariyali-app

  • The app is aimed to encourage Public engagement in planting trees and other such Green drives.
  • The App provides for automatic geo-tagging of plants and enable nodal officers to periodically monitor the plantation.
[Ref: PIB]

 

SARAS Aajeevika Mela

The Ministry of Rural Development is organising SARAS Aajeevika Mela at India Gate Lawns from 10th October to 23rd October, 2019.

SARAS-Aajeevika-Mela-at-India-Gate-Lawns-1

ABOUT SARAS AAJEEVIKA MELA

SARAS-Aajeevika-Mela-at-India-Gate-Lawns-6 Current Affairs Analysis

  • SARAS Aajeevika Mela is an initiative by the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM), Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD).

SARAS-Aajeevika-Mela-at-India-Gate-Lawns-7

  • The Mela is organised by the marketing arm of the Ministry, Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART).
  • It aims to bring the rural women Self Help Groups (SHGs) formed with support of DAY-NRLM to show-case their skills, sell their products, understand the demand of urban customers.  and help them build linkages with bulk buyers.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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