PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 14th December 2019 – IASToppers

What is a Human Milk Bank? Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY); Importance of breast feeding; National Energy Conservation Day; National Energy Conservation Awards;
By IASToppers
December 14, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY)

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Breast Milk Banks

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • National Energy Conservation Day celebrated on 14th December 2019

 

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Government Schemes & Policies

 Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY)

Atal-Bhujal-Yojana-ABHY-1

Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY) is a Rs. 6,000 Crore Central Sector Scheme, for sustainable management of ground water resources with community participation.

of ground water resources 1

  • The scheme aims to improve ground water management in priority areas in the country through community participation. The priority areas are in Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. These States represent about 25% of the total number of overexploited, critical and semi-critical blocks in terms of ground water in India. They also cover two major types of groundwater systems found in India – alluvial and hard rock aquifers.

The Expected Outcome

  • Render a focused community-based approach to tackle issues connected with groundwater depletion.
  • Provide sustainable groundwater management through the convergence of current governmental schemes.
  • Facilitate adoption of efficient water use practices that limit the use of water for irrigation.
  • Augmentation of groundwater resources in targeted areas.

Priority areas:

  • The priority areas identified under the scheme fall in the states of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
  • These States represent about 25% of the total number of over-exploited, critical and semi-critical blocks in terms of ground water in India.
  • They also cover two major types of groundwater systems found in India – alluvial and hard rock aquifers- and have varying degrees of institutional readiness and experience in groundwater management.

Implementation of the scheme:

Implementation of the scheme 1

  • The funding pattern is 50:50 between Government of India and World Bank.
  • Funds under the scheme will be provided to the states for strengthening the institutions responsible for ground water governance, as well as for encouraging community involvement for improving ground water management to foster behavioural changes that promote conservation and efficient use of water.
  • The scheme will also facilitate convergence of ongoing Government schemes in the states by incentivizing their focussed implementation in identified priority areas.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

Breast Milk Banks

As per the “National Guidelines on Establishment of Lactation Management Centres in Public Health Facilities”, Breast Milk Banks in India are known as Comprehensive Lactation Management Centres (CLMC) and Lactation Management Unit (LMU), depending on the level of health facilities where these units are established.baby-toddler-infant-milk-bottle-feed-2019-IASToppers

WHAT IS A HUMAN MILK BANK?

human-milk-1

human-milk-2

  • A human milk bank is a centre to collect, screen, test, and store donor milk collected from healthy lactating mothers.
  • In India, these centres are called Comprehensive Lactation Management Centres (CLMCs) and Lactation Management Unit (LMU), depending on the level of health facilities where these units are established. India has 57 CLMCs across different states.

human-milk-3

FUNCTIONS OF A CLMC

  • Supports breastfeeding by helping new mothers breastfeed and resolve their lactation issues.
  • Helps mothers to express milk for their own babies and to donate excess milk to the CLMC.
  • Tests, stores, and pasteurizes collected milk and feeds it to vulnerable babies who do not have access to their mothers milk due to unavoidable reasons.

IMPORTANCE OF BREAST FEEDING:

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human milk 6

KEY FACTS

  • The world’s first human milk bank was set up in Vienna, Austria in 1911. The first Asian country to set up a breast milk bank was India, in 1989 (Lokmanya Tilak Hospital, Mumbai).
[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

National Energy Conservation Day celebrated on 14th December 2019

National Energy Conservation Day celebrated on 14th December 2019 1

The National Energy Conservation Day is organized every year on 14th December every year by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under Ministry of Power, to showcase India’s achievements in energy efficiency and conservation.

  • Ministry of Power through Bureau of Energy Efficiency is implementing various policies and schemes viz Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) Scheme, Standard and Labelling, Energy Conservation Building Codes and Demand Side Management. These programmes are helpful in achieving significant energy savings and also, in promotion of the efficient use of energy across society.

ABOUT NATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION AWARDS

About-National-Energy-Conservation-Awards-1

  • The National Energy Conservation Awards are presented to industry and other establishments every year on 14th December by the Ministry of Power.
  • The Awards recognizes the energy efficiency achievements in 56 sub sectors such as thermal power stations, office and BPO buildings etc. along with State Designated Agencies and manufacturers of BEE Star labelled appliances and electricity distribution companies.

KEY FACTS

  • In order to realize the sustainable development goals, India’s energy demand is expected to double between 2013 and 2030, to approximately 1500 million tons of oil equivalent.
[Ref: PIB]
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