- Govt to unveil ‘bamboonomics’ for carbon credit & income boost
Key Facts for Prelims
- Hindi Diwas 2019: 44% of Indians speak the language
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Govt to unveil ‘bamboonomics’ for carbon credit & income boost
Union Minister for Tribal Affairs launched the Biggest Tribal movement to promote tribal enterprise through Bamboonomics in India.
- He launched the movement for combating desertification and the climate change at “The Indian Perspective through Bamboonomics” session at ‘COP 14 UNCCD : TRIFED-GIZ’.
SIGNIFICANCE OF BAMBOO IN REMOVING CARBON
- Bamboo has a higher carbon sequestration potential compared to other trees and can help restore fertility of degraded land.
- Sequestration is a natural or artificial process by which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and held in solid or liquid form.
ABOUT 4P1000 INITIATIVE
- Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation Of India Limited (TRIFED) also introduced the “The 4P1000 Initiative: The Tribal Perspective through Bamboonomics”.
- The 4P1000 Initiative: The international initiative “4per1000”, launched by France in 2015 at the COP 21, aims to demonstrate that agriculture, and in particular agricultural soils can play a crucial role in food security and climate change.
- It is named 4per1000 based on the fact that an annual growth rate of 0.4% in the soil carbon stocks, or 4% per year, in the first 30-40 cm of soil, would significantly reduce the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere related to human activities.
- At present, China uses 90% of a bamboo plant to make various products. We use only 20%, and that’s why bamboo products are expensive in India.
- TRIFED is trying to integrate its Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojna (PMVDY) with global environmental intervention termed as TICD (TRIFED’s Initiative to Combat Desertification).
Key Facts for Prelims
Hindi Diwas 2019: 44% of Indians speak the language
With 52 crore speakers, Hindi remains the most-spoken language in the country.
ABOUT HINDI DIWAS
- Every year, September 14 is celebrated as Hindi Diwas.
- On this day in 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi, an Indo-Aryan language, written in Devanagari script as one of the official languages of the Republic of India.
- Stalwarts like Beohar Rajendra Simha, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das lobbied hard in favour of Hindi to be made the official language of India.
- September 14, 1949 also marked the 50th birthday of Hindi scholar Beohar Rajendra Simha.
- Every year on Hindi Diwas, President of India presents the Rajbhasha awards to people for their contribution towards the language.
ABOUT HINDI LANGUAGE:
- The word ‘Hindi’ came from a Persian word ‘Hind’, which means the land of the Indus River.
- Hindi is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the country.
- Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world after English, Spanish and Mandarin.