Bilateral & International Relations
- BRICS created a roadmap to achieve $ 500 billion Intra-BRICS trade target by the next summit
Key Facts for Prelims
- Tobacco Board Receives 2019 Golden Leaf Award
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Bilateral & International Relations
BRICS created a roadmap to achieve $ 500 billion Intra-BRICS trade target by the next summit
Indian Prime Minister along with the Heads of states of other BRICS countries participated in the Leaders dialogue with BRICS Business Council and New Development Bank. PM also requested BRICS countries to join Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure initiative.
ABOUT THE $ 500 BILLION INTRA-BRICS TRADE TARGET
- BRICS Business Council created a roadmap to achieve the $500 billion Intra-BRICS trade target by the next summit.
- The partnership agreement was signed between New Development Bank and BRICS Business Council.
ABOUT COALITION FOR DISASTER RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE (CDRI)
- It is an initiative of government of India.
- It is an international knowledge platform where countries can collaborate to make their existing and new infrastructure strong enough to withstand natural disasters.
- CDRI is not meant to plan infrastructure projectsnor is it an agency that will finance infrastructure projects in member countries. Instead, it will seek to identify best practices, and identify the risks of large infrastructure in the event of disasters in member countries.
It would address concerns that are
- Common to developing and developed countries and Small and large economies
- Countries at early and advanced stages of infrastructure development
- Countries that have moderate or high disaster risk.
- It will serve as a knowledge sharing platformon different aspects of disaster and climate resilience of infrastructure.
- It will create a mechanism to assist countries to upgrade their capacities, with regard to infrastructure development in accordance with their risk context and economic needs.
- Economically weaker sections of society, women and children, are the most vulnerable to the impacts of disasters and hence, will be benefitted from the CDRI.
- It will also benefit all areas with high disaster risk. In India, the north-eastern and Himalayan regions are prone to earthquakes, coastal areas to cyclones and tsunamis and central peninsular region to droughts.
- Huge economic costs of a disasterdue to the damage caused to big infrastructure.
- Future infrastructure needs to take into account the heightened risks arising out of the increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather eventsand other adverse impacts of climate change. Even existing infrastructure would need to be retrofitted to make them more resilient.
- There are increasing numbers of trans-national and trans-continentalhighways, railways; and electric lines. Damage to any one part of such assets can disrupt entire network, resulting in loss of livelihoods and disruption in economic activity in places far away from the site of a disaster.
CDRI AND BELT ROAD INITIATIVE
- CDRI has sometimes been seen as India’s response to the China’s Belt Road Initiative, under which china is building massive new land and maritime infrastructure in several countries.
- India and some other nations view this as an attempt by China to use its economic and military power to use strategic assets in other countries.
CDRI AND SOLAR ALLIANCE
- International Solar Alliance (ISA) is an initiative of India. It is a treaty-based organisation aimed at mobilising more than $1 trillion into solar power by 2030, and to deploy over 1,000 GW of solar generation capacity in member countries by 2030.
- While ISA focuses on about climate change mitigation by deploying more solar energy to bring down the reliance on fossil fuels, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions, CDRI is about adapting to climate change. Hence, CDRI can be seen as complementing ISA’s efforts.
Key Facts for Prelims
Tobacco Board Receives 2019 Golden Leaf Award
Tobacco Board of India has been awarded the Golden Leaf Award in the Most Impressive Public Service Initiative category for 2019, for its efforts to initiate various sustainability (green) initiatives in Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco cultivation in India.
WHY TOBACCO BOARD OF INDIA RECEIVED GOLDEN LEAF AWARD?
Tobacco Board got this award for its
- Initiatives on natural farming in tobacco cultivation for production of organic tobaccos,
- Improving the soil health through green manuring,
- Introduction of 365 days’ green cover in tobacco cultivation,
- Promotion of advanced nursery technologies- Green Tech nurseries,
- Elimination of Non-Tobacco Related Material (NTRM),
- Elimination of pesticide residues in tobacco by encouraging residue free tobacco cultivation,
- Energy conservation initiatives resulting in energy savings of 25%,
- Development of greenery through mandatory planting of trees by tobacco farmers
- Tobacco trade and educating and guiding farmers on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP).
- In 2014, the Tobacco Board of India won a Golden Leaf Award in the Most Impressive Public Service Initiative category for its implementation of an electronic auction system, which has made the marketing of flue-cured tobacco in India more transparent.
ABOUT GOLDEN LEAF AWARD
- The Golden Leaf Awards were created to recognize professional excellence and dedication in the tobacco industry by Tobacco Reporter, an international magazine, in 2006.
Awards are granted on an annual basis to companies that have achieved outstanding performance in five categories.
- Most impressive public service initiative
- Most promising new product introduction
- Most exciting newcomer to the industry
- Most outstanding service to the industry
- BMJ most committed to quality award
WHY IS TOBACCO CURED (DRIED)?
- To create smoking tobacco, the tobacco leaves need to be cured, or dried out. The wet, green tobacco leaves of a tobacco plant initially contain too much moisture to catch fire.
- They also have a higher chlorophyll content. By releasing a certain amount of chlorophyll from the leaves during the drying out process, the natural tannins come out giving the smoked tobacco its flavor and scent.
- The curing process makes the leaf dry enough to smoke while increasing the sugar and natural tannins found in each leaf to create the sweetly aromatic and mild taste tobacco is known for.
WHAT IS FLUE-CURE TOBACCO?
- It is a type of curing used to dry, or cure, the tobacco leaves. Flue-curing barns contained a chimney-like flue that allows the tobacco to dry out slowly without exposure to smoke. These smoke-free curing barns let the temperature rise slowly, releasing the excess chlorophyll and moisture while still retaining the tobacco leaf’s taste and smell.
TOBACCO BOARD OF INDIA
- Tobacco Board is a statutory body established under Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- Regulating the production and curing of Virginia tobacco in India,
- Implementation of developmental activities for improving the quality of tobacco,
- Facilitating sale of tobacco through e-auctions on the auction floors of the Board,
- Undertaking various grower welfare measures
- Export promotion of tobacco and tobacco products
- India is the world’s fourth largest producer of Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco.
- About 88,000 FCV tobacco farmers and their families in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are dependent on this crop for their livelihood.