Government Schemes & Policies
- Indian Origin youth visiting India under ‘Know India Programme’
Art & Culture
- President Awards the Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman for 2019
- “Aadi Mahotsav” Begins at Leh-Ladakh
Key Facts for Prelims
- GI tags for 4 new products from 3 states
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Government Schemes & Policies
Indian Origin youth visiting India under ‘Know India Programme’
The 54th KIP, having 40 participants from 9 countries, is scheduled from 1st to 25th August, 2019 in association with the partner sates of Punjab and Haryana.
ABOUT KNOW INDIA PROGRAMME (KIP)
- Launched in 2003, Know India Programme is a flagship programme of Ministry of External Affairs.
- It is a 25 days programme during which the participant visits Delhi, Agra and a select state in India along with visits to places of historical, cultural, religious significance.
- It aims for engagement with Indian origin youth (between 18-30 years) to enhance their awareness about India, its cultural heritage, art and to familiarize them with various aspects of India.
- This programme is open to youth of Indian origin (excluding non-resident Indians) from all over the world with preference to those from Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad &Tobago;, South Africa, Jamaica.
- Minimum qualification is graduation or enrolled for graduation
- Ability to speak in English
- Should not have visited India through any previous Programme of Government of India
- 70% of the India’s population is below the age of 40 years.
Art & Culture
President Awards the Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman for 2019
The President awarded the Certificate of Honour to the scholars of Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, Pali, Prakrit, Classical Kannada, Classical Telugu, Classical Malayalam and Classical Odiyafor the year 2019.
- It is conferred in recognition of substantial contribution in the field of Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, Pali, Prakrit, Classical Oriya, Classical Kannada, Classical Telugu and Classical Malayalam.
- Introduced in 2002, It is given once a year on the Independence Day.
- It is given to selected young scholars in the age group of 30 to 45 years.
- He is regarded as having written the basic text of the Vedanta system, the Vedāntasūtrak.a. Brahmasūtra. He is thus considered the founder of the Vedānta system of philosophy.
- Brahma Sutras is also known by Vedanta Sutra, Uttara-mimamsa Sutra, Shariraka Sutra and the Bhikshu Sutra.
- The Brahma sutras consists of 555 aphoristic verses (sutras) in four chapters.
- These verses are primarily about the nature of human existence and universe, and ideas about the metaphysical concept of Ultimate Reality called Brahman.
- It was written by Indian Philosopher Badarayana or Krishna Dvaipayana or Sri Vyasa. He was the guru of the Jaimini who wrote the Purva Mimamsa of Vendata.
- The Brahma Sutras is a Sanskrit text believed to date from around 450 to 200 B.C.E.
- It summarizes the philosophical and spiritual concepts discussed in the
- It is said to be one of the three most influential texts of Vedanta, alongside the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita.
It has 4 chapters,
- Samanvaya (harmony): Explains all the Vedantic texts talk of Brahman, the ultimate reality, which is the goal of life. It discusses the metaphysics of Absolute Reality
- Avirodha (non-conflict): Discusses and refutes the possible objections against Vedanta philosophy. It reviews and addresses the objections raised by the ideas of competing orthodox schools of Hindu philosophies as well as heterodox schools such as Buddhism and Jainism.
- The Sadhana (the means): Describes the process by which ultimate emancipation can be achieved. It discusses epistemology and path to gaining spiritually liberating knowledge.
- Phala (the fruit) Discuss talks of the state that is achieved in final emancipation. It states why such a knowledge is an important human need.
- Vedas consist of three portions viz., the Karma Kanda (sacrifices or ceremonial rites), the Upasana Kanda (treats of worship) and Jnana Kanda (deals with knowledge of Brahman).
- Upanishads is said to be the Siras (head) of Vedas.
Aadi Mahotsav” Begins at Leh-Ladakh
Aadi Mahotsav (National Tribal Festival) begins at Leh-Ladakh.
ABOUT AADI MAHOTSAV
- Aadi Mahotsav is a National Tribal Festival organized by Ministry of Tribal Affairs in association with Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) and Ministry of Culture.
- TRIFED act as the Service provider & Market Developer.
- The theme of the festival is: “A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce”.
- The event will have two reputed local cultural troupes presenting Ladakhi folk dances. The troupes will perform Jabro Dance – a nomadic dance and song of people inhabiting eastern Ladakh and Spawo dance, a heroic song and dance associated with a legendary hero of Himalayan region called K’sar.
- Government also plans for the other dance performances like Flower Dance, Abex Dance/song, Ghazal Dance, Aleyyatoo.
- It is first of its kind event in Leh-Ladakh that will see several Tribal artisans with their products such as Tribal Paintings like Gond art from Madhya Pradesh, Warli art from Maharashtra; Metal craft from Chhattisgarh; Black pottery from Manipur
- To scale up the livelihood and income generating opportunity for tribals by giving them the opportunity to interact and sell their goods directly to the customers.
- To identify Food and Forest Produces, which can be marketed under the Van Dhan Scheme of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs
- To identify Artisans and master craftsmen and women of Ladakh for empanelling them as suppliers of TRIBES India.
TRIBAL COOPERATIVE MARKETING DEVELOPMENT FEDERATION OF INDIA (TRIFED):
- The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) came into existence in 1987.
- It is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt. of India.
- TRIFED opened its first showroom by the name of ‘Tribes India’during April 1999.
- TRIFED also organises National Tribal Craft Expo called “AADISHILP”, painting exhibition called “Aadi Chitra”, “OCTAVE” for North Eastern Artisans and Tribal Artisan Melasto facilitate the sale of their products.
OBJECTIVE OF TRIFED:
- The TRIFED is aimed in marketing development of tribal products and provides marketing support to the products made by tribals through a network of retail outlets.
- The total tribes of India constitute over 8% of the country’s population (nearly 10 crore).
- More than 70% population of Ladakh region are tribes.
Key Facts for Prelims
GI tags for 4 new products from 3 states
The government allotted Geographical Indication (GI) tags to four new products from the states of Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and Kerala.
GI TAG FOR 4 NEW PRODUCTS
Palani Panchamirtham in Palani Town of Tamil Nadu
- It is an ‘abhishega prasadam’ (food that is a religious offering), which is served in a semi-solid state having banana, jaggery, cow ghee, honey and cardamom.
- It is one of the main offerings for Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, situated on Palani Hills.
- Not a single drop of water is added during the preparation of the panchamirtham, which gives it its classic semi-solid consistency.
- It is prepared under the guidance given by the CFTRI (Central Food Technological Research Institute) Mysore, a government of India undertaking.
- The geographical area for production of panchamirtham is Palani town in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu.
Tawlhlohpuan from Mizoram
- Tawlhlohpuan is a compactly woven high quality fabric.
- It is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving & intricate designs that are made by hand.
- Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm or not to move backward’.
- Tawlhlohpuan is produced throughout the state of Mizoram, Aizawl and Thenzawl town being the main centre of production.
Mizo Puanchei from Mizoram
- It is a shawl which is considered the most colourful textile in the northeastern state.
- It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state.
- It is also the most commonly used costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies.
Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala
- Tirur betel vine, cultivated in Malappuram district of Kerala, is valued for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties.
- Even though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages and is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.
WHAT IS A GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION?
- A ‘geographical indication’ (GI) is a place name used to identify the origin and quality, reputation or other characteristics of products.
- There are currently more than 340 GI in India.
- The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years which can be renewed from time to time.
- The Appellate Board or the Registrar of Geographical Indications has the power to remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register.
GI REGISTRATION CONFERS
- Legal protection to the products.
- Prevents unauthorised use of a GI by others.
- Helps consumers get quality products of desired traits.
- Promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods by enhancing demand in national and international markets.
WHAT INDICATIONS CANNOT BE GIVEN THE STATUS OF GI TAG?
- The use of which would be likely to deceive or cause confusion; or
- The use of which would be contrary to any law for the time being in force; or
- Which comprises or contains scandalous or obscene matter; or
- Which comprises or contains any matter likely to hurt the time being in force; religious susceptibilities of any class or section of the citizens of India; or
- Which would otherwise be dismantled to protection in a court; or
- Which are determined to be generic names or indications of goods and are, therefore, not or ceased to be protected in their country of origin or which have fallen into disuse in that country; or
- Which although literally true as to the territory region or locality in which the goods originate, but falsely represent to the persons that the goods originate in another territory, region or locality.
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
- Article 22 of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights agreement says unless a geographical indication is protected in the country of its origin, there is no obligation under the agreement for other countries to extend reciprocal protection.
- Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
- Products sold with the GI tag get premium pricing also.
HOW A GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION IS DIFFERENT FROM A TRADE MARK?
- A trade mark is a sign which is used in the course of trade and it distinguishes goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises.
- Whereas a geographical indication is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.
GIS AND INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
GI registration is essential to get protection in other countries.
- Under Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of Intellectual property rights (IPR).
- They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the agreements concluded at the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
- India, as member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 that came into force from September 15, 2003.
WHO CAN APPLY FOR THE REGISTRATION OF A GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION?
- Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can apply.
- The applicant must represent the interest of the producers.
REGISTRAR OF GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS:
- The Controller-General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks appointed under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999, shall be the Registrar of Geographical Indications.
- The Central Government may appoint such officers with such designations as it thinks fit for the purpose of discharging, under the superintendence and direction of the Registrar, such functions of the Registrar under this Act, as he may from time to time authorise them to discharge.
- In 1999, the Parliament had passed the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999.
- This Act seeks to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India.
[Ref: Economic Times, PIB]