Government Schemes & Policies
- Union Minister of Tribal Affairs launches Van Dhan Internship Programme of TRIFED
Issues related to Health & Education
- Union Minister of Health Launches Food Safety Mitra (FSM) among others
- 20th livestock census: Cattle population down in UP, increases in Bengal
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Government Schemes & Policies
Union Minister of Tribal Affairs launches Van Dhan Internship Programme of TRIFED
Union Minister of Tribal Affairs launched the “Van Dhan Internship Programme” organised by Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) under Ministry of Tribal Affairs. The interns under this programme will work with the team of TRIFED in various tribal areas in development of tribal welfare and inclusive growth.
VAN DHAN SCHEME
- Launched in April 2018, The Van Dhan Scheme seeks to improve tribal incomes through value addition of tribal products.
- The programme aims to tap into traditional knowledge of tribals by adding technology & IT to upgrade it at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a viable economic activity.
- It provides enhanced livelihood to about 45 lakhs tribal gatherers which is about 4.5% of the total tribal population in India.
- Tribal community owned Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) and multi-purpose Van dhan Vikas Kendra are set up under this scheme. Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) facilitates establishment of Van Dhan Vikas Kendras.
- The scheme is implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level.
MINOR FOREST PRODUCE:
- Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is defined as all non-timber forest produce of plant origin and includes bamboo, brushwood, stumps, canes, Tusser, cocoon, honey, waxes, Lac, tendu/kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tuber and the like.
- It is a subset of forest produce which got a definition in the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 or Forests Rights Act (FRA).
VAN DHAN VIKAS KENDRAS INITIATIVE
- Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is primarily a component under the Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA).
- It acts as common facility centres for procurement cum value addition to locally available Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and skill based handicraft.
- Instead of gathering NTFP products and directly selling it in the market, tribal gatherers can collect, perform primary value addition/processing at the Kendra and then sell the product in the market for better price realization.
- A typical Vikas Kendra constitute 10 tribal Van Dhan Vikas Self Help Groups (SHGs), each compromising up to 30 NTFP gatherers or tribal handcraft artisans. At least 60% beneficiaries of the SHG is tribal and the SHG is led by a tribal member.
- Through this initiative, the share of tribals in the value chain of NTFP is expected to rise from the present 20% to around 60%.
Issues related to Health & Education
Union Minister of Health Launches Food Safety Mitra (FSM) among others
On World Food Day 2019, Union Minister of Health launched Food Safety Mitra (FSM) scheme for strengthening and scaling up ‘Eat Right India’ movement. He also launched ‘Eat Right Jacket’ and ‘Eat Right Jhola’.
ABOUT FOOD SAFETY MITRA (FSM) SCHEME
- The ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’ scheme will support small and medium scale food businesses to comply with the food safety laws and facilitate licensing and registration, hygiene ratings and training.
- This scheme would also create new employment opportunities for youth, particularly with food and nutrition background. The FSMs, after training, will get paid by food businesses for their services.
ABOUT EAT RIGHT JACKET AND EAT RIGHT JHOLA
- The Eat Right Jacket, which will be used by the field staff, has a smart design to hold tech devices, a QR code and RFID tag for identification and tracking. Apart from providing safety to field staff on duty, this would bring in efficiency and transparency in food safety administration.
- The ‘Eat Right Jhola’, a reusable cloth bag shall replace plastic bags for grocery shopping in various retail chains.
- FSSAI has partnered with the Domestic Workers Sector Skill Council (DWSSC) under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to launch a training course for domestic workers and homemakers across the country.
20th livestock census: Cattle population down in UP, increases in Bengal
Despite a marginal increase in cattle population in the country, the number of cattle is down in the Hindi-speaking belt, particularly in Uttar Pradesh.
HIGHLIGHTS OF 20TH LIVESTOCK CENSUS REPORT
Total cattle population in India is 192.5 million in 2019. It was 190.9 million in 2012 when the last such census was conducted.
Increase in numbers
- The total Livestock population (535.78 million) increase by 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012.
- The total number of cattle (192.49 million) – increase by 0.8 %
- Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) – increase by 1%
- The Female Cattle (Cows population) – increased by 18 %
- The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle – increased by 27 %
- The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes – increase by 6%
- The total buffalo’s population – increase by 1 %.
- The total sheep population- increased by 14 %
- The Goat population – increase of 10%
- The total poultry – increase of 16 %
Decline in Numbers
- Total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population – decreased by 6 %. However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
- The total Pigs population – declined by 12 %
The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 0.23% of the total livestock.
ABOUT THE LIVESTOCK CENSUS
- The Livestock Census has been conducted in India by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying periodically since 1919-20.
- The Livestock Census covers all domesticated animals and its headcounts. So far 19 such censuses have been conducted. The last such census was carried out in 2012.
UNIQUENESS OF 20TH LIVESTOCK CENSUS
- The major thrust given to 20th Livestock Census is the collection of data through tablets computers. The 20th livestock census is a unique attempt as for the first time such a major initiative has been take to digitise household level data through online transmission from the field.
IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK REARING
- Livestock rearing is a key livelihood and risk mitigation strategy for small and marginal farmers, particularly across the rain-fed regions of India.
- Livestock products comprised 32 % of the total value of agriculture and allied activities in 2006-07 which increased from 27 % in 1999-2000.
- Livestock wealth is much more equitably distributed than wealth associated with land. Hence, when it comes to inclusive growth, from equity and livelihood perspectives, livestock rearing is of utmost significance in poverty alleviation programmes.
- Government’s support to livestock rearing has contributed significantly to the empowerment of women and an increasing role in decision making at both the household and village level.
- Livestock rearing, particularly in the rain-fed regions of the country, is also emerging as a key risk mitigation strategy for the poorest.
CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPMENT OF LIVESTOCK REARING
- A lack of public services in animal health that reach out to the poorest in rural areas
- Failure to link small holder livestock keepers to better paying markets
- Livestock producers, including traditional pastoralists and smallholders, are victims of natural resource degradation due to pollution and other factors damaging environment.
- Animal health systems have been neglected and that has led to institutional weaknesses that in turn lead to poor delivery of animal health services and higher risks to livelihoods.