Bilateral & International Relations
- BASIC 28th ministerial meeting held in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Key Facts for Prelims
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award declared
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Bilateral & International Relations
BASIC 28th ministerial meeting held in Sao Paulo, Brazil
In the run-up to the United Nations Framework for Climate Change (UNFCC) Conference of Parties (COP-25) meet to be held in December, the BASIC countries held its 28th Ministerial meeting on Climate Change in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
HIGHLIGHTS OF BASIC 28TH MINISTERIAL MEETING
The BASIC Ministers,
- reaffirmed their commitment to the successful implementation of Kyoto Protocol and its Paris Agreement, based on the principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).
- urged countries that have not yet ratify the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to ratify it.
- noted with concern the trend of developing countries being denied their right to support in different fora, including the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
- urged developed countries to fulfill their climate finance commitments of mobilizing USD 100 billion annually by 2020 for developing countries on a grant basis.
- reiterated their commitment to support the Palestine as the Chair of the Group of 77.
ABOUT BASIC COUNTRIES
- The BASIC is a grouping of four large newly industrialized countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and C
- The BASIC group was formed as the result of an agreement signed by the four countries in 2009.
- The four countries committed to act jointly at the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009, known as Copenhagen climate summit. This alliance then brokered the final Copenhagen Accord with the United States.
- Subsequently, the grouping is working to define a common position on emission reductions and climate aid money, and to try to convince other countries to sign up to the Copenhagen Accord.
- However, in January 2010, the grouping described the Accord as merely a political agreement and not legally binding.
SIGNIFICANCE OF BASIC COUNTRIES
- China, India, and Brazil are the world’s second, fifth, and ninth-largest economies.
- BASIC countries put together has one-third of world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of the world’s population.
- BASIC is one of several groups of nations working together to fight climate change and carry out negotiations within the UNFCCC.
- Other than BASIC, there are other organizations such as the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the group of countries of Central Asia, Caucasus, Albania and Moldova (CACAM), the Cartagena Dialogue, the Independent Alliance of Latin America and the Caribbean (AILAC), and the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of our America (ALBA in Spanish), etc.
- There are also the Group of 77 developing countries, the African Group, the Arab States, the Environmental Integrity Group, the Least Developed Countries the Small Island Developing States, etc.
BASIC COUNTRIES & CLIMATE CHANGE:
- In light of the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C released in October last year, the group took note of its findings that highlight the “high vulnerability of developing countries to climate change effects and high resultant costs of adaptation”.
- The findings of the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming make it incredibly clear that the impacts of an already warming world are significant, and that impacts at 2°C are catastrophic compared to those of 1.5°C. Yet, the BASIC ministers recalled the Paris goal of limiting the temperature rise to well under 2°C, and aspiring to limit it to 1.5°C, suggesting their continued pursuit of 2°C as the target temperature limit.
- The BASIC countries also contend that their nationally determined contributions (NDCs)— voluntary pledges of national efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—have demonstrated “a high level of ambition in the context of poverty and sustainable development”.
Key Facts for Prelims
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award declared
The selection committee for sports awards 2019 nominated the names of various sportspersons for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Arjuna Award, Dhyanchand Award, Dronacharya Award.
ABOUT THE RAJIV GANDHI KHEL RATNA AWARD
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award is given for the most outstanding performance by a sportsperson over a period of four years immediately preceding the year during which award is to be given.
- It is the highest sporting honour of India.
- It is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India.
- It is given for the spectacular performance in various games at international levele. Olympic/ Commonwealth/World Cup and equivalent recognized international tournaments.
- When instituted in 1991–92, the award was given for the performance by a sportsperson in a year.
- Based on the suggestions provided by 2014 award selection committee headed by Kapil Dev, the Ministry revised the criteria in 2015 to consider the performance over a period of four years.
NOMINATION AND SELECTION
- The nominations for the award are received from all government recognised National Sports Federations, the Indian Olympic Association etc. with not more than two eligible sportspersons nominated for each sports discipline.
- The previous award recipients can also nominate one sportsperson for the discipline for which they themselves were awarded.
- All the received nominations are sent to Sports Authority of India (SAI) and National Anti-Doping Agency for doping clearance. Any sportsperson who is either penalised or being enquired for usage of drugs or substances is not eligible for the award.
- The valid nominations are placed before the twelve-member committee constituted by the Government.
- The medals won in various International competitions are given 80% weightage while the remaining 20% weightage is given to the profile and standard of the events.
ABOUT ARJUNA AWARD
- Arjuna Award is an honour bestowed by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in order to recognise the outstanding achievements of sportspersons in the field of sports at international level.
- It is the oldest National sports award of India, instituted in year 1961.
ABOUT DHYANCHAND AWARD
- Dhyanchand award is presented to sportspersons for their lifetime achievements and contribution to sport during both their active career and following retirement.
- It is the highest sports awards for lifetime achievement.
- The award is conferred in the memory of Hockey legend Dhayn Chand.
- This award was started in year 2002.
ABOUT DRONACHARYA AWARD
- Started in 1985, the Dronacharya honour is given for excellence in sports coaching.
RASHTRIYA KHEL PROTSAHAN PURUSKAR
- It is given to the corporate entities (both in private and public sector) and individuals who have played a visible role in the area of sports promotion and development.
- Overall top performing university in inter-university tournaments is given Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy.