PIB Daily

PIB Daily -18th September 2019 – IASToppers

What is gasification? Location of Slovenia, Iceland, Switzerland; Coal Gasification; Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS); etc.
By IASToppers
September 18, 2019

Contents

Bilateral & International Relations

  • President of India’s visit to three nations- Slovenia, Iceland & Switzerland

Science & Technology

  • Ceremony held for award of contract of coal gasification plant for urea project at Talcher

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Steel Import Monitoring System

 

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Bilateral & International Relations

President of India’s visit to three nations- Slovenia, Iceland & Switzerland

On the concluding day of his visit to Slovenia, the President of India attended the Indian community in Ljubljana, Capital of Slovenia. He will also visit to –Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia.

President of India

LOCATION OF SLOVENIA

Location of Slovenia

  • Slovenia is located in central Europe.
  • Slovenia is bordered by the Adriatic Sea, Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the east, and Croatia to the south.

LOCATION OF ICELAND

Location of Iceland

  • Iceland is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • It does not share land borders with any countries.
  • It is situated in between the countries of Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Norway, South of the Arctic Circle.
  • It is known worldwide for its immense geological activity and large glacier and has therefore often been nicknamed the land of ice and fire.

LOCATION OF SWITZERLAND

Switzerland

  • It is situated in Western Europe.
  • It is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
  • It’s three natural geographic regions are the Jura Mountains, the Alps and the central plateau, or Mittelland.

 [Ref: PIB]

 

Science & Technology

Ceremony held for award of contract of coal gasification plant for urea project at Talcher

Contract signing award ceremony for Coal gasification unit for production of Urea and Ammonia at Talcher fertilizer plant was held in New Delhi.

award-of-contract-of-coal-gasification

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Talcher fertilizer plant will produce more than 2 MMSCMD (Million standard cubic feet per day) of ‘Natural Gas equivalent Syngas’ leading to direct reduction in LNG import bill.
  • Currently, India imports about 50 to 70 lakh tones of Urea every. Also, production of urea in India is done by using pooled natural gas which comprises of domestic Natural Gas and imported Liquefied natural gas (LNG). Import of LNG is a costly and leads to spending valuable foreign exchange. Hence, Talcher Fertilizer Project will use indigenous coal in a mix of petcoke for production of urea.

WHAT IS GASIFICATION?

gasification

  • Gasification is a technology that converts carbon-containing materials, including coal, into synthetic gas which in turn can be used to produce electricity and other valuable products, such as chemicals and fertilizers.
  • Gasification does not involve combustion, but instead uses little or no oxygen or air in a closed reactor to convert carbon-based materials directly into a synthetic gas, or syngas.
  • Gasification occurs in a gasifier which is a high temperature/pressure vessel where oxygen and steam are directly contacted with the feed material converting the feed to syngas and ash/slag (mineral residues).

WHAT IS COAL GASIFICATION?

Coal Gasification

  • Coal gasification refers to any process by which coal is converted into gaseous form that can then be burned as a fuel.
  • Coal gasification process produce hydrogen, ammonia, methanol and hydrocarbons. These gases are used with steam to create synthetic natural gas (SNG) composed of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen gas (H2).
  • SNG serves as a substitute for natural gas and is suitable for transmission in natural gas pipelines.
  • Underground coal gasification (UCG) involves circulation of gasification agents like air, oxygen and water into the coal itself. This process converts coal to useful gases from the coal itself without needing to mine the material.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Steel Import Monitoring System

Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways launched Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS) which was developed in consultation with Ministry of Steel on the pattern of US Steel Import Monitoring and Analysis (SIMA) system.

Steel Import Monitoring System

ABOUT STEEL IMPORT MONITORING SYSTEM (SIMS)

  • The SIMS will provide advance information about steel imports to Government, Producers and importers to have effective policy interventions.
  • In this system, the importers of specified steel products will register in advance on the web portal of SIMS providing necessary information.
[Ref: PIB, Economic Times]

 

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