Government Schemes & Policies
- PMUY to reach 80 mn connections in just 100 days
- One-Stop-Centres in Bihar
Issues related to Health & Education
- HRD Ministry launches the UGC Scheme of ‘Paramarsh’
Science & Technology
- DRDO Research Ship INS Sagardhwani Embarks on Sagar Maitri Mission-2
Key Facts for Prelims
- Establishing Urban Haats
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Government Schemes & Policies
PMUY to reach 80 mn connections in just 100 days
The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) is set to meet the next big milestone of achieving 80 million household connections.
PROGRESS OF PMUY:
- About 93 to 94 per cent households (72 million connections) now have access to cooking gas.
- LPG connections will reach a 100 per cent of the country’s households by the end of 2019.
- Initially, the scheme was allocated Rs 8,000 crore but due to its major success, additional Rs 4,800 crore in the 2018-19 Budget is allotted to PMUY.
- Moreover, the Union Cabinet also decided in increasing their target from 1 to 2 crore connections.
PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to provide clean fuel to women who are below poverty line (BPL).
HIGHLIGHTS OF SCHEME:
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched by Prime Minister of India in May 2016.
- Under this scheme, 5 crore LPG connections will be provided to Below poverty line (BPL) families over a period of three years.
- Eligible households will receive a support of Rs. 1,600 and will be in the name of the female head of the entire household.
- Money that has been saved due to the ‘Give-it-up’ subsidy campaign will be used for this scheme.
OBJECTIVES OF PMUY:
- Empowering women and protecting their health.
- Abate health issues that result from using fossil fuels
- Minimize fatalities which occur due to unclean fuels used for cooking
- Controlling respiratory issues that occur due to indoor pollution as a result of using fossil fuel
- Preventing the degradation of purity of environment compromised by usage of unclean cooking fuel.
WHO ARE ELIGIBLE?
- Only adult women with Below Poverty Line are eligible.
- Identification of the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families will be done through Socio Economic Caste Census Data.
WHY CONSIDER LPG OVER OTHER FUELS?
- LPG is an energy-rich fuel source with a higher calorific value other commonly used fuels which means that an LPG flame burns hotter, an advantage that can translate into higher efficiency.
- It is a fuel that is available in even the remotest of areas providing a further impetus to regional development.
- It is a clean burning fuel that is low carbon, emits virtually no black carbon and does not spills.
- LPG can be accessible to everyone everywhere without major infrastructure investment.
- PMUY is likely to result in an additional employment of around 1 Lakh and provide business opportunity of at least Rs. 10,000 Cr. over the next 3 Years to the Indian Industry.
- Launch of this scheme will also provide a great boost to the ‘Make in India’campaign as all the manufacturers of cylinders, gas stoves, regulators, and gas hose are domestic.
One-Stop-Centres in Bihar
In Bihar, 38 OSCs have been sanctioned for in a phased manner during the financial years 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2018-19.
ABOUT ONE STOP CENTRE (OSC) SCHEME
- The Government of India is implementing One Stop Centre (OSC) scheme for setting up One Stop Centre since 1st April 2015 to support women affected by violence.
- Popularly known as Sakhi, it is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- It is a sub scheme of Umbrella Scheme for National Mission for Empowerment of women including Indira Gandhi Mattritav Sahyaog Yojana.
- Till date, around 234 OSCs have been established to provide support both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of OSCs.
THE OBJECTIVES OF THE SCHEME ARE:
- To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces under one roof.
- To facilitate immediate, emergency and non – emergency access to a range of services including medical, legal, psychological and counselling support under one roof to fight against any forms of violence against women.
- The OSC will support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence.
SERVICES OFFERED IN OSCS
- Emergency Response and Rescue Services – OSC will provide rescue and referral services to the women affected by violence.
- Medical assistance – Women affected by violence would be referred to the nearest Hospital for medical aid/examination.
- Assistance to women in lodging FIR /NCR/DIR
- Psycho – social support/ counselling – A skilled counsellor providing psycho – social counselling services would be available on call.
- Legal aid and counselling – Legal aid and counselling would be provided at OSC through empanelled Lawyers or National/ State/District Legal Service Authority.
- Shelter – Provide temporary shelter facility to aggrieved women. Women affected by violence along with their children (girls of all ages and boys up till 8 years of age) can avail temporary shelter at the OSC for a maximum period of 5 days. For long term shelter requirements, arrangements are made with Swadhar Greh/Short Stay Homes.
- Video Conferencing Facility : Aggrieved woman can record her statement for police/ courts from OSC itself using audio – video electronic means
- The Scheme will be funded through Nirbhaya Fund. The Central Government will provide 100% financial assistance to the State Government /UT Administrations under the Scheme.
- The Article 1 of UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence 1993 provides a definition of gender – based abuse, calling it “any act of gender – based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life”.
Issues related to Health & Education
HRD Ministry launches the UGC Scheme of ‘Paramarsh’
The Union Minister for Human Resource Development launched ‘Paramarsh’ – a University Grants Commission (UGC) scheme for Mentoring National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) Accreditation Aspirant Institutions to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education.
ABOUT PARAMARSH SCHEME:
- It is a scheme of University Grants Commission (UGC).
- It aims for Mentoring National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) Accreditation Aspirant Institutions to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education.
- Under the Paramarsh scheme, the leading institutions will provide regular mentoring to help colleges achieve high quality standards.
- It will target 1000 Higher Education Institutions for mentoring with a specific focus on quality as enumerated in the UGC Quality Mandate.
- The Scheme will be operationalized through a ‘Hub & Spoke’ model wherein the Mentor Institution, called the ‘Hub’ is centralized and will have the responsibility of guiding the Mentee institution through the secondary branches the ‘Spoke’.
- The mentor and the mentee institutions can be government, aided, private or self-financing institution.
- The mentor institution should be NAAC accredited with an A grade, having an overall score of 3.26 and above.
- The scheme will lead to enhancement of the mentee institutions’ quality and its profile as a result of improved quality of research, teaching and learning methodologies.
- The scheme proposes to provide financial assistance to the mentoring institutions and the option of appointing an expert who can be paid a fellowship amount.
- Mentor-Mentee relationship will not only benefit both the institutions but also provide quality education to the 3.6 crore students who are enrolling to Indian Higher Education system at present.
- It will also improves the global ranking of the Indian higher education institutions.
ABOUT NATIONAL ACCREDITATION AND ASSESSMENT COUNCIL (NAAC):
- The NAAC is an autonomous body that assesses and accredits higher education institutions (HEIs) in India. It assesses the higher learning institutes on the basis of seven parameters.
- The parameters include teaching-learning and evaluation, infrastructure and learning resources, research, innovation and extension, curricular aspects, governance, leadership and management, student support and progression and institutional values and best practices.
Science & Technology
DRDO Research Ship INS Sagardhwani Embarks on Sagar Maitri Mission-2
Oceanographic research vessel of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), INS Sagardhwani, embarked on a two-month long SAGAR MAITRI (SM) Mission-2 from Kochi.
ABOUT SAGAR MAITRI MISSION-2
- SAGAR MAITRI Mission-2 commemorates the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of India’s lone research ship INS Kistna’s missions as part of the historic International Indian Ocean Expeditions (IIOE) which took place during 1962-65.
- As part of the mission, INS Sagardhwani will revisit the selected tracks of INS Kistna and provide Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) scientists opportunities to collaborate a close working relationship with the oceanographic counterparts of the IOR countries.
About the Sagar Maitri Mission:
- SAGAR MAITRI is a unique initiative of DRDO, in line with ‘Safety And Growth for All in the Region’ (SAGAR), to promote closer co-operation in scientific interaction especially in ocean research among Indian Ocean Rim (IOR) countries.
- MAITRI stands for ‘Marine & Allied Interdisciplinary Training and Research Initiative’.
- The prime objectives of the SAGAR MAITRI Mission are data collection from the entire North Indian Ocean, focussing on the Andaman Sea and adjoining seas and establishing long-term collaboration with eight IOR countries. The IOR countries, include Oman, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Myanmar.
- The programme also aims at establishing long term scientific collaboration with these countries in the field of ‘Ocean Research & Development’ with a focus in the Andaman Sea.
ABOUT INS SAGARDHWANI
- INS Sagardhwani has been designed and developed by Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi, a premier systems laboratory of DRDO.
- It conducts ocean research experiments in the Indian waters and spearheads NPOL’s at-sea data collection activities.
Key Facts for Prelims
Establishing Urban Haats
ABOUT THE ‘INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT’ SCHEME:
- It is a scheme of Ministry of Textiles.
- The objective of the scheme ‘Infrastructure and Technology Support’ is to setup a permanent marketing infrastructure in big towns/ metropolitan cities to provide direct marketing facilities to the handicrafts artisans/handloom weavers.
- The scheme is implemented through State Handicrafts/Handlooms Development Corporations/Tourism Development Corporations/ Urban Local Bodies.
- The financial ceiling for Urban Haat is Rs. 300 lakh for each unit.
- 80% of the admissible amount is borne by the Office of the Development Commissioner (Handicrafts) and 20% contributed by the implementing agency.