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PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 20th & 21th October 2019 – IASToppers

Azad Hind Government; DNA Technology Regulation Bill;
By IASToppers
October 21, 2019

Contents

Indian History

  • Minister of state for IC attended the Commemoration of ’76th Year of Azad Hind Government’

Science & Technology

  • DNA Technology Regulation Bill referred to parliamentary standing committee

 

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Indian History

Minister of state for IC attended the Commemoration of ’76th Year of Azad Hind Government’

Union Minister of state for Culture & Tourism (IC) attended the 76th anniversary of the formation of Azad Hind Government on 21st October, 2019, at the Red Fort, Delhi.

'76th Year of Azad Hind Government'

ABOUT AZAD HIND GOVERNMENT

  • In October 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose announced the formation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India).

Azad-Hind-government

  • Known as Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind, it was a part of a political movement with the purpose of allying with the Axis powers to free India from British rule. This movement was supported by the Japan, Nazi Germany, Italy and their allies.
  • Azad Hind was first established by Indian nationalists in exile, headed by Captain General Mohan Singh, during the latter part of the Second World War in Singapore with assistance from Japan. In 1942, it was disbanded. However, Subhas Chandra Bose renewed it and assumed its charge.
  • On October 21, 1943, the setting up of the provisional government was announced on the battlefield of Singapore which was once the bulwark of the British Empire.
  • The government of Azad Hind had its own currency, court and civil code as well.
  • The government in exile (Azad Hind) proclaimed authority over Indian personnel in Southeast Asian British colonial territory and asked for authority over Indian territory.
  • With the help of Japan, it gained nominal authority of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1943 and the occupation of parts of Manipur and Nagaland. Azad Hind also declared war against British on India-Burma border. However, the Azad Hind and Japanese Army were forced to retreat.
  • While the government itself continued until the civil administration of the Andaman Islands was returned to the jurisdiction of the British towards the end of the war, the limited power of Azad Hind was effectively ended with the surrender of the last major contingent of INA troops in Rangoon. The death of Bose is seen as the end of the entire Azad Hind Movement.

Composition under the provisional government:

  • Subhas Chandra Bose: Head of the state, the prime minister and the minister for war and foreign affairs.
  • Rash Behari Bose: designated as the supreme advisor.
  • S A Ayer: headed the publicity and propaganda wing.
  • Captain Lakshmi: headed the women’s organisation
[Ref: PIB]

 

DNA Technology Regulation Bill referred to parliamentary standing committee

The DNA Technology Regulation Bill that seeks to control the use of DNA technology for establishing the identity of a person, has been referred to a Parliamentary Standing Committee for examination.

DNA Technology Regulation Bill PIB Daily

FEATURES OF DNA TECHNOLOGY REGULATION BILL

DNA Technology Regulation Bill

Use of DNA Data

  • Under the Bill, DNA testing is allowed only in respect of matters listed in the Schedule to the Bill. These include offences under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, and for civil matters such as paternity suits.
  • Further, the Schedule includes DNA testing for matters related to establishment of individual identity.

Collection of DNA

  • While preparing a DNA profile, bodily substances of persons may be collected by the investigating authorities. Authorities are required to obtain consent for collection in certain situations. 
  • For arrested persons, authorities are required to obtain written consent if the offence carries a punishment of up to seven years.

DNA Data Bank

  • The Bill provides for the establishment of a National DNA Data Bank and Regional DNA Data Banks.
  • Every Data Bank will be required to maintain indices for the following categories of data:
  1. A crime scene index
  2. A suspects’ or undertrials’ index
  3. An offenders’ index
  4. A missing persons’ index
  5. An unknown deceased persons’ index

Removal of DNA profiles

  • The Bill states that the criteria for entry, retention, or removal of the DNA profile will be specified by regulations.
  • However, the Bill provides for removal of the DNA profiles of the following persons: (i) of a suspect if a police report is filed or court order given, (ii) of an undertrial if a court order is given, and (iii) on written request, for persons who are not a suspect, offender or undertrial, from the crime scene or missing persons’ index.

DNA Regulatory Board

  • The Bill provides for the establishment of a DNA Regulatory Board, which will supervise the DNA Data Banks and DNA laboratories. The Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, will be the ex officio Chairperson of the Board. 
  • The functions of the Board include: (i) advising governments on all issues related to establishing DNA laboratories or Data Banks, and (ii) granting accreditation to DNA laboratories. Further, the Board is required to ensure that all information relating to DNA profiles with the Data Banks, laboratories, and other persons are kept confidential.

DNA laboratories

  • Any laboratory undertaking DNA testing is required to obtain accreditation from the Board.
  • The Board may revoke the accreditation for reasons including, failure to: (i) undertake DNA testing, or (ii) comply with the conditions attached to the accreditation.

Offences

  • The Bill specifies penalties for various offences, including: (i) for disclosure of DNA information, or (ii) using DNA sample without authorization.
[Ref: PIB, Indian Express]

 

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