Polity & Governance
- President of India addresses the joint sitting of Parliament
Government Schemes & Policies
- Government approves Dispute Resolution Mechanism for solar/wind sector
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Polity & Governance
President of India addresses the joint sitting of Parliament
The president of India, on address to the joint sitting of both houses of Parliament, said the government is moving ahead to create a strong, secure and inclusive India.
PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS TO THE JOINT SITTING OF PARLIAMENT
- As per Article 87(1), the president addresses the joint sitting of both houses of the parliament at the commencement of the first session after every General Election and the first session of every fiscal year.
- As per First Constitutional Amendment – Originally, the Constitution required the President to address both Houses of Parliament at the commencement of “every session”. This requirement was changed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
- This address is discussed by Rajya sabha and Lok sabha on a motion called ‘Motion of thanks’.
- Article 87 of the constitution provides power to the President to addresses both Houses of Parliament.
- No other parliamentary business can be transacted till the President has addressed both Houses of Parliament assembled together.
- The President reads the Address in Hindi or English. The other version of Address in English or Hindi, as the case may be, is read out by the Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
- National anthem is played before and after the president’s address.
CONTENT OF THE PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS:
- The President’s Address is the statement of policy of the Government which contains a review of past/future activities of the Government.
- The Address also indicates items of legislative business which are proposed to be brought during the sessions to be held in that year.
DISCUSSION ON THE PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS BY MOTION OF THANKS:
- The president’s address is followed by the motion of thanks which is moved in each house by a member (of Ruling party) and seconded by another member. Members who are to move and second the Motion are selected by the Prime Minister.
- The analysis on this motion last for three to four days in which opposition critically discusses the government’s policies which could be postponed in favour of an urgent Government Bill or other business.
- The time allotted by the House for discussion on the Motion of Thanks is distributed amongst various parties and groups in proportion to their strength in the House. At the end of the discussion, the Prime Minister replies to the debate.
- Thereafter, the amendments by opposition party are disposed and then the Motion of Thanks is put to vote in the House.
- If any of the amendments is accepted, then the Motion of Thanks is adopted in the amended form. A motion of thanks must be passed or else it is considering defeat of government and leads to collapse of government.
AMENDMENT TO THE MOTION OF THANKS:
- Amendments may refer to matters contained in the President’s Address which, in the opinion of the members, the Address has failed to mention.
- Every year, a large number of amendments are moved by members of the opposition highlighting the issues.
- There have been only three instances so far, when the Motion of Thanks was adopted by Rajya Sabha with amendments in 1980, 1989 and in 2001.
SESSION BEGUN WITHOUT THE PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS:
- The president’s Address has to be to both Houses of Parliament assembled together.
- If at the time of commencement of the first session of the year, Lok Sabha is not in existence and has been dissolved, Rajya Sabha can have its session without the President’s Address.
- This happened in 1977, when the Lok Sabha was dissolved and Rajya Sabha started its session without the President’s Address.
Government Schemes & Policies
Government approves Dispute Resolution Mechanism for solar/wind sector
Government has approved a proposal to set up a Dispute Resolution Committee to consider the unforeseen disputes between solar/wind power developers and SECI/NTPC, beyond contractual agreement.
ABOUT THE DISPUTE RESOLUTION MECHANISM (DRM) FOR SOLAR/WIND SECTOR:
- The Dispute Resolution Mechanism for solar/wind sector is established by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy.
- To resolve expeditiously, unforeseen disputes rising beyond the scope of Contractual Agreements between solar power developers / wind power developers and Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI)/ National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC).
- Give boost to the smooth implementation of solar/wind energy projects in India.
KEY FEATURES OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION MECHANISM (DRM) FOR SOLAR/WIND SECTOR:
- It is a three-member Dispute Resolution Committee (DRC) with the upper age for the eligibility of member of DRC set as 70 years.
- The mechanism of DRC will be applicable for all solar/ wind Schemes/ Programmes/ Projects being implemented through/ by SECI/ NTPC.
CASES THAT WILL BE HANDLED BY DRC:
- All cases of appeal against decisions given by SECI on Extension of Time requests based on terms of contract (Extension of time needed due to flood, earthquake, delay in connectivity, delay in handing over of land by Solar Park Developers)
- All requests of Extension of Time not covered under the terms of contract (such as delay in land allotment due to policy change, delays in grant of proposed connectivity due to court stays).
- The recommendations of the ‘Dispute Resolution Committee’ (DRC) along with MNRE’s observations, will be placed before Hon’ble Minister (NRE) for final decision.
- The Ministry shall examine and put up such recommendations to Minister (NRE) with the comments of IFD within twenty one (21) days of receipt of recommendation from the DRC.
- To arrive at any decision, Committee will be free to interact with the relevant parties of the case and shall record their views. For presenting the case before the DRC, no lawyers shall be permitted.