Government Schemes & Policies
- Revival of Khadi and Village Industries
- Setting Up of National Technical Textile Mission
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Government Schemes & Policies
evival of Khadi and Village Industries
The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), through Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), has been implementing Khadi Reform and Development Programme (KRDP) scheme for revival and increase the production of Khadi throughout the country.
Khadi Reform and Development Programme (KRDP):
- It is a comprehensive reform programme approved by Government of India, being implemented with the assistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB).
KRDP aims to revitalize the Khadi and Village Industries through Policy and Institutional Reforms.
Specific objectives are:
- Repositioning Khadi and aligning it to market demand and trends.
- Enhancing artisan welfare and empowerment.
- Undertaking extensive capacity building of Khadi Institutions (KIs).
- Strengthening institutional mechanisms.
- Implementation of MIS at Khadi Institution level and e-Governance at KVIC.
- Strategic development of traditional village industries.
- A total of 22 Khadi Institutions were given assistance under KRDP with a financial outlay of Rs.1484.93 lakhs for refurbishment of Khadi programme in the State of Bihar.
- Ministry of MSME provides financial assistance in the form of grant and subsidy to KVIC for promotion and development of Khadi Programme.
- Ministry has approved Khadi Vikas Yojana for the development of Khadi programme during the year 2019-20, under which assistance is provided under following components:
- Modified Market Development Assistance (MMDA): KVIC provides Market Development Assistance to the registered Khadi Institutions and 40% of total MMDA to the Khadi artisans engaged in production activity.
- Interest Subsidy Eligibility Certificate (ISEC) Scheme: KVIC provides interest subsidy on the working capital loan availed by Khadi Institutions for undertaking production and sales activities under Khadi programme. Under the scheme interest @ 4% per annum is to be paid by the Khadi Institution and balance i.e. actual lending rate minus 4% is to be paid by the Government as interest subsidy.
- Workshed Scheme for Khadi Artisans: Khadi artisans are provided Worksheds for better work atmosphere and storing the materials, under which financial assistance up to Rs. 60000/- is provided per workshed.
- For revival of sick Khadi Institutions, assistance upto Rs. 9.90 lakh is provided to weak and problematic Khadi Institutions to bring them back to normalcy. For the renovation and modernization of sales outlets run by KVIC, Khadi Institutions and KVIBs financial assistance are being provided under ‘Assistance for Marketing Infrastructure’ scheme.
- Rozgar Yukt Gaon (RYG):
A new component under Khadi Vikas Yojana has been introduced with objective of introducing enterprise led model replacing subsidy-led model and create an additional 12,500 direct employment opportunities in 50 villages, which are deprived of opportunities and sustainable livelihood support systems, in addition to spinning out secondary and ancillary opportunities of employment in a wider sense.
This will generate nearly 18,265 employment opportunities in which 12,500 will be direct and 5,765 will be indirect.
- To ensure genuineness of Khadi, “Khadi Mark” regulation has been notified by Government of India.
- As of now, 2326 number of Khadi Institutions are working under Khadi Programme, out of which 85 KIs are working in Bihar State.
Setting Up of National Technical Textile Mission
The government has approved the proposal for creation of National Technical Textiles Mission for a period of 4 years with an outlay of Rs.1480 crores.
Objective: To position India as a global leader in technical textiles and increase the use of technical textiles in the domestic market.
Implementation: For 4 years from 2020-21 to 2023-24
Components of the National Technical Textiles Mission:
1. Component -l (Research, Innovation and Development):
- Will focus on research and development at both, fiber level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles and development of bio-degradable technical textiles.
- Research activities will also focus on development of indigenous machinery and process equipment.
- Will have an outlay of ₹1,000 crores.
2. Component -II (Promotion and Market Development):
- Will be for promotion and development of market for technical textiles.
- Will aim at average growth rate of 15-20% per annum taking the level of domestic market size to 40-50 Billion USD by the year 2024.
3. Component – III (Export Promotion):
- Will focus on export promotion so that technical textile exports from the country reach from the ₹14,000 crore now to ₹20,000 crores by 2021-2022.
- Ensure 10% average growth every year till the Mission ends.
- An export promotion council for technical textiles will be set up.
4. Component- IV (Education, Training, Skill Development):
- Will promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to technical textiles and its application areas.
Significance of the Mission:
- The Mission will focus on usage of technical textiles in various flagship missions, including in strategic sectors.
- The use of technical textiles in agriculture, aquaculture, dairy, poultry, etc. Jal Jivan Mission; Swachch Bharat Mission; Ayushman Bharat will bring an overall improvement in cost economy, water and soil conservation, better agricultural productivity and higher income to farmers per acre of land holding in addition to promotion of manufacturing and exports activities in India.
- The use of geo-textiles in highways, railways and ports will result in robust infrastructure, reduced maintenance cost and higher life cycle of the infrastructure assets.
- Promotion of innovation amongst young engineers will be taken up by the Mission; along with creation of incubation centres and promotion of ‘start-up’ and Ventures’.
- The research output will be reposited with a ‘Trust’ with the Government for easy and assessable proliferation of the knowledge.
- A sub-component of the research will focus on development of bio degradable technical textiles materials, particularly for agro-textiles, geo-textiles and medical textiles.
- It will also develop suitable equipment for environmentally sustainable disposal of used technical textiles, with emphasis on safe disposal of medical and hygiene wastes.
- There is another important sub-component in the research activity aiming at development of indigenous machineries and process equipment for technical textiles, in order to promote ‘Make in India’ and enable competitiveness of the industry by way of reduced capital costs.
Current scenario of Indian textiles segment:
- Indian technical textiles segment is estimated at $16 billion which is approximately 6% of the $250 billion global technical textiles market.
- The penetration level of technical textiles in India varies between 5% and 10% against the level of 30% to 70% in developed countries.
- Indian textile industry is the 2nd largest manufacturer and exporter in the world, after China.
- The share of textile and clothing in India’s total exports stands at a significant 13 % (2017-18).
- The textile industry contributes to 7% of industry output in value terms, 2% of India’s GDP and to 15% of the country’s export earnings.
What are Technical textiles?
- Technical textiles are textiles materials manufactured primarily for technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic characteristics.
- Technical Textiles products are divided into 12 broad categories (Agrotech, Buildtech, Clothtech, Geotech, Hometech, Indutech, Mobiltech, Meditech, Protech, Sportstech, Oekotech, Packtech) depending upon their application areas.