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PIB Daily – 20th November 2019 – IASToppers

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY); 191st Birth Anniversary of Queen of Jhansi; What was the Doctrine of Lapse?
By IASToppers
November 20, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Over 18 lakh farmers registered under PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana

Indian History

  • Remembering the Queen of Jhansi on 191st Birth Anniversary

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Government Schemes & Policies

Over 18 lakh farmers registered under PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana

The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare said that 18,29,469 farmers have been registered under the PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana, including 61,496 farmers of Gujarat.

PM-KISAN-MAAN-DHAN-YOJANA

ABOUT PRADHAN MANTRI KISAN MAAN-DHAN YOJANA (PM-KMY)

About Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY)

  • It is a is a Central Sector Scheme, administered by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare in partnership with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
  • It is an old age pension scheme for all land holding Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs)in the country.
  • It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme.

SALIENT FEATURES OF SCHEME:

Salient features of Scheme

  • Under the scheme, a minimum fixed pension of Rs 3000 is provided to the eligible small and marginal farmers on attaining the age of 60 years.
  • The farmers will have to make a monthly contribution of Rs. 55 to Rs.200, depending on their age of entry, in the Pension Fund till they reach 60 years.
  • The Central Government will also make an equal contributionof the same amount in the pension fund.
  • The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) will be the Pension Fund Managerand responsible for Pension pay out.
  • After the subscriber’s death, the spouse or heir is entitled to receive 50% of the pension.
  • The beneficiaries may opt voluntarily to exit the Scheme after a minimum period of 5 yearsof regular contributions.
  • The farmers, who are also beneficiaries of PM-Kisan Scheme, will have the option to allow their contribution debited from the benefit of that Scheme directly.

ELIGIBILITY

  • All Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) in all States and Union Territories.
  • Age of 18 years and above and upto the age of 40 years
[Ref: Business Standard, PIB]

 

Indian History

Remembering the Queen of Jhansi on 191st Birth Anniversary

The warrior queen of Jhansi is best known for her rebellion against the British Raj in the face of adversity that etched her name in the pages of Indian history.

Rani-Lakshmibai-3

ABOUT RANI LAKSHMINAI:

About Rani Lakshminai

  • Rani Lakshmibai was born as Manikarnika Tambe in 1828 in Varanasi.
  • She lost her mother at the age of four and was raised by her father who worked as an advisor in the court of Peshwa.
  • In 1842, Lakshmibai got married to Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi and got the name of Rani Lakshmibai.

Rani-Lakshmibai-2

  • After her son died, Lakshmibai and Gangadhar Rao adopted Rao’s cousin’s son, Anand Rao, who was later renamed as Damodar.
  • Soon after they adopted Anand, Maharaja died due to an illness in 1853, when Rani Lakshmibai was just 18 years.
  • The East India Company took advantage of the Maharaja’s death and applied the Doctrine of Lapse.

WHAT WAS THE DOCTRINE OF LAPSE?

doctrine-of-lapse

  • The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy followed widely by Lord Dalhousie when he was India’s Governor-General from 1848 to 1856.
  • According to this, any princely state under the direct or indirect control of the East India Company, where the ruler did not have a legal male heir, would be annexed by the company.
  • As per this, any adopted son of the Indian ruler could not be proclaimed as heir to the kingdom. Hence, due to the Doctrine of Lapse, Britishers did not accept Damodar Rao as the legal heir.
  • Displeased by the injustice, Rani Lakshmibai even appealed to a court in London which discarded her case.
  • Britishers annexed Jhansi and seized the state jewels, granted her an annual pension and asked her to leave the fort forever.

THE REVOLT OF 1857

The-revolt-of-1857

  • Many factors led to the revolt of 1857 but the main factor was the introduction of greased cartridges by the East India Company.
  • The sepoys had to bite the cartridge of the rifle by their teeth. This was unacceptable to the soldiers as the cartridges were greased with beef and pork. Shocked at the Britishers’ attempt to taint their religion, the soldiers joined hands in the collective mutiny.
  • It is believed that prior to sepoy mutiny, Lakshmibai was unwilling to rebel against the British but changed her mind in 1858 when commanding officer of the British forces, Sir Hugh Rose, demanded the surrender of Jhansi.
  • She started assembling an army of rebellions, including women. She was supported by Tantia Tope and Nana Sahib.
  • After a fierce war, she escaped to Kalp. She then departed to Gwalior and a fierce battle was fought between the British and Lakshmibai’s army. She died in that battle in 1958.
  • Rani Lakshmibai’s tomb is situated in the Phool Bagh area of Gwalior.

KEY FACT

  • November 19, the birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmibai, is celebrated as Martyr’s Day in Jhansi to honor the lives lost in the Rebellion of 1857.
[Ref: PIB, India Today, News18]

 

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