PIB Daily

PIB Daily -20th September 2019 – IASToppers

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY);National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT); Khanderi Submarine;
By IASToppers
September 20, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana Reaches One Crore Beneficiaries

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Government portal to offer education technologies using AI for personalised learning

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders delivers second Scorpene submarine “KHANDERI”

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Government Schemes & Policies

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana Reaches One Crore Beneficiaries

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) has achieved a significant milestone by crossing one crore beneficiaries.

Pradhan-Mantri-Matru-Vandana-Yojana-(PMMVY)

ABOUT PRADHAN MANTRI MATRU VANDANA YOJANA (PMMVY)

  • It is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
  • It was previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY).

OBJECTIVES

Maternity-Benefit

  • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentive s so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.
  • The cash incentive provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW& LM).

BENEFITS

Pradhan-Mantri-Matru-Vandana-Yojana-(PMMVY)-4

  • It is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme under which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.
  • Under the Scheme, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) receive a cash benefit of Rs. 5,000 on fulfilling the respective conditionality, viz. early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6,000.

IMPLEMENTATION 

  • It is implemented by the Ministry of Women & Child Development in collaboration with State Governments.
  • Implementation of the scheme is closely monitored by the government through PMMVY-CAS (Common Application Software), a web based software application.
  • The application is interoperable with UIDAI and Public Financial Management System (PFMS) for authentication of unique beneficiaries. These features have helped in quick implementation of the scheme and eliminating duplication of benefits.
  • Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Rajasthan are the top five States/UT in the country in implementation of PMMVY.
  • Odisha and Telangana are yet to start implementation of the scheme.

FUNDING

  • Under the scheme, the cost sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40, for North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States, it is 90:10 and 100% Central assistance for Union Territories without Legislature.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

Government portal to offer education technologies using AI for personalised learning

Ministry of Human Resource Development has announced a new Public–private partnership (PPP) Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for using AI technology for better learning outcomes in Higher Education.

NEAT-AI-learning-scheme-2

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROJECT

  • MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students.
  • MHRD would create a National NEAT (National Educational Alliance for Technology) platform) that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions.

NEAT-AI-learning-scheme-4

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) would be the executing agency for the NEAT programme, under the guidance of an Apex Committee constituted by MHRD.
  • EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal. They would be free to charge fees as per their policy.
  • As their contribution towards the National cause, they would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal.

 [Ref: The Hindu, PIB]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders delivers second Scorpene submarine “KHANDERI”

India’s second Scorpene submarine Khanderi was handed over to the Navy by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL).

“KHANDERI”-to-Indian-Navy-1

ABOUT KHANDERI SUBMARINE

  • Khanderi is a Kalvari-class diesel-electric attack
  • It is designed by French company Naval Group (earlier known as DCNS).

“KHANDERI”-to-Indian-Navy

  • It will become 17th submarine of the Indian Navy after it is commissioned. It can stay out in the sea for 50 days.
  • The submarine ‘KHANDERI’ is named after the wide snouted Saw fish, a deadly sea predator of the great Indian Ocean.
  • The first Submarine Khanderi was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1968 and decommissioned in 1989.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • It is capable of targeting surface ships as well as hunt enemy submarines with its torpedoes.
  • It can also carry 30 anti-ship mines in place of torpedoes and missiles.
  • It can also undertake intelligence gathering, mine laying and area surveillance

KALVARI CLASS SUBMARINE

Kalvari-class-submarine

  • The Kalvari class is a class of diesel-electric attack submarines based on the Scorpene-class submarine being built for the Indian Navy.
  • There are six submarines under Kalvari class, out of which four submarines – Karanj, Vela, Vagir and Vagsheer are under construction.
  • The other two are INS Kalvari (the first submarine of the Scorpene class, commissioned in 2017) and INS Khanderi.

CONCLUSION

  • With the delivery of Khanderi, India further cements its position as a submarine building nation and MDL has lived up to its reputation as one of the India’s leading shipyards with a capacity to meet requirements of the Indian Navy.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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