PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 22nd & 23rd September 2019 – IASToppers

ShodhShuddhi; Recogonition of Prior Learning (RPL) certificates; Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY); Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC); Plagiarism Detention Software; Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE); Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA); National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP); PACEsetter fund;
By IASToppers
September 23, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Minister, Skill Development distributes certificates to RPL trainees under PMKVY

Issues related to Health & Education

  • HRD Minister launches Plagiarism Detention Software
  • Union HRD Minister Chairs the Special Meeting of CABE

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • NIDM to organize a Workshop on Post Disaster Needs Assessment
  • MNRE awards grants to four projects in second round of PACE setter Fund programme

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

Minister, Skill Development distributes certificates to RPL trainees under PMKVY

Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship distributed Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) certificates to the graduating trainees under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) of Skill India.

Leather-sector-1

  • The outstanding candidates, certified under RPL, were given Best in Class Employer Scheme and HRD Scheme certificates during the ceremony.

ABOUT RECOGONITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL)

Recognition-of-Prior-Learning

Recogonition of Prior Learning (RPL), under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), is an assessment process used to evaluate a person’s existing skill sets and knowledge gained either by formal, non-formal or informal learning.

OBJECTIVES

RPL has threefold objectives:

  1. To align the competencies of the un-regulated workforce to the standardized National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF),
  2. To enhance the employability opportunities of an individual as well as provide alternative routes to higher education
  3. To provide opportunities for reducing inequalities based on privileging certain forms of knowledge over others.

5 STEP PROCESS OF RPL

five-steps-of-Recognition-of-Prior-Learning

  • Mobilization: Mobilization involves activities related to mobilization of potential candidates who are skilled but uncertified.
  • Counselling and pre-screening: Potential candidates are counselled about PMKVY, what is RPL, and how the skill certification will assist them in transforming their life.
  • Orientation: All candidates are mandatorily provided orientation of 12 hours
  • Final assessment: Assessment of candidates is conducted by the assessment bodies accredited by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).
  • Certification and pay-out: SSC, upon approving the result, issues the certificate to successful candidate.

SIGNIFICANCE OF RPL CERTIFICATES:

  • RPL certificates are given under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) of Skill India to the unorganised semi-skilled and unskilled workers.
  • These certificates can help them get assessed and certified on their current competencies as per NSQF levels (National Skills Qualifications Framework).
  • RPL also shows them a path to bridge their current knowledge and skill levels to reach a competency level or go for higher skills for professional growth.
  • The RPL scheme envisions to impart skill-based training to one crore people between 2016 and 2020.
  • The certificates can give workers the chance to go for higher education in their respective fields.
  • It will also give them different options in upgrading and upskilling.
  • RPL certificates certify skills acquired informally and drive young people to venture into aspirational job roles.
  • The industry will also be benefitted because formalizing the skills of employees will give a clear picture of the available skill sets, skill gaps and the need for upgradation to achieve desired quality and productivity benchmarks.

PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA (PMKVY)

Pradhan-Mantri-Kaushal-Vikas-Yojana

  • PMKVY is flagship Skill Certification Scheme of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE)launched in July 2015.
  • Its objective is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
  • Under this Scheme, individuals with prior learning experience or skills are also assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
  • Government will pay complete training and assessment fees. The training includes soft skills, personal grooming, behavioural change.
  • It is implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • Skill training is based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF)and industry led standards.

BACKGROUND

  • Every year more than 13 million Indians enter the working age but the country has an annual training capacity of 3 million on adding up all the training and educational capacities.
  • This gap of more than 10 million is very difficult to bridge considering long gestation training periods, capacity building lacunae etc.
  • Addressing this issue is critical to realizing the demographic dividend potential of India.

ABOUT LEATHER SECTOR SKILL COUNCIL (LSSC)

Leather-Sector-Skill-Council

  • Set up in 2012, the Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC) is an NSDC approved non-profit organization dedicated to meet the demand for skilled workforce in the leather industry in India.
  • The council, in partnership with Council for Leather Exports (CLE), caters to the training and employment needs of various sub-sectors in the leather industry.

LEATHER SECTOR OF INDIA

Leather

  • Globally, India is the second largest producer of leather garments and footwear.
  • The Government of India has allowed 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in the leather sector.
  • India accounts for about 13% of the world’s leather production.
  • The leather and leather products industry contribute less than 1% to India’s GDP and Footwear industry contributes about 2% to India’s GDP.
  • Indian leather industry has huge potential for exports. It can reach USD 9.0 billion by 2020, from the present level of USD 5.85 billion.
[Ref: PIB]

 

HRD Minister launches Plagiarism Detention Software

Union HRD Minister launched the Plagiarism Detention Software (PDS) “ShodhShuddhi” during the special Meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) held in New Delhi.

HRD-Minister-Chairs-the-Special-Meeting-1

ABOUT SHODHSHUDDHI

  • ShodhShuddhi is being implemented by INFLIBNET, an Inter University Centre (IUC) of University Grants Commission (UGC).

SIGNIFICANCE 

  • PDS will significantly help to improve the quality of research outcome by ensuring the originality of ideas and publication of the research scholars.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Union HRD Minister Chairs the Special Meeting of CABE

Union Human Resource Minister chaired the Special Meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) held in New Delhi.

HRD-Minister-Chairs-the-Special-Meeting

  • The main agenda of the Special meeting of CABE was to discuss the Draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019).

ABOUT CENTRAL ADVISORY BOARD OF EDUCATION (CABE)

Central-Advisory-Board-of-Education-(CABE)

  • Central Advisory Board of Education is the oldest advisory body of the Government of India in education.

Background:

  • The idea of central Advisory Board of Education was first put forward by the Calcutta University Commission (1917-19). Almost simultaneously the Government of India Act, 1919 decided to make education mainly a provincial by limiting the control of the Central Government.
  • This decision changed the character of the Government of India from that of an executive to an advisory authority.
  • Subsequently, a Central Advisory Board of Education was set up in 1920 under the chairmanship of Education Commissioner to the Government of India.
  • However, owing to a financial crisis, it was abolished in 1923. A Report of Hartog Committee (1928) observed that the separation between the Government of India and education is unfortunate. Hence, it was revived in 1935 and had continued to exist till 1994. It was reconstituted by the Government in July 2004.

Functions:

  • CABE has a particularly important role to play at the present juncture in view of the significant socio-economic and socio-cultural developments taking place in the country and for the review of the National Policy on Education which is also due.

Composition:

  • It consists of nominated members representing various interests in addition to elected members from the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, and the representatives of the Government of India, State Governments and UT Administrations.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

NIDM to organize a Workshop on Post Disaster Needs Assessment

The National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) is organizing one day National workshop on Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).

NIDM-to-organize-a-Workshop

  • National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), undertook the study for developing a scientific tool on Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA), under the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP).

WHAT IS POST DISASTER NEEDS ASSESSMENT (PDNA)?

  • The PDNA tool was developed by the UN Development Group, the World Bank and the European Union as one of the key commitments of their 2008 agreement to develop and use common assessment and recovery planning approaches in post-crisis scenario.
  • In the aftermath of disasters, affected countries need to invest significant resources, guided by a comprehensive assessment that estimates damages and losses, and identifies the needs of the affected population.
  • Hence, Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is the first step towards developing a holistic recovery programme.

ABOUT NATIONAL CYCLONE RISK MITIGATION PROJECT (NCRMP)

  • National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP) was conceptualized by Indian government to address cyclone risks in the country.

Cyclone

  • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) is the implementing agency of the Project.
  • The Financing and Project Agreements of NCRMP were signed between the Department of Economic Affairs, World Bank and the State Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in 2011.
  • The overall objective of the Project is to undertake suitable structural and non-structural measures to mitigate the effects of cyclones in the coastal states and UTs of India.
  • The Project has identified 13 cyclone prone States and UTs that have been classified into two categories, based on the frequency of occurrence of cyclone, size of population and the existing institutional mechanism for disaster management.

These categories are:

  • Category IHigher vulnerability Statese. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.
  • Category II: Lower vulnerability Statese. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

These project is divided in two phases:

Phase-I: It was implemented under the aegis of MHA in collaboration with the Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, and the National Institute for Disaster Management (NIDM). First phase was completed in March 2018.

Phase-II: Government of India approved Phase-II in 2015 for five years up to March, 2020 covering States of Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerela, Maharashtra and West Bengal with the World Bank funding.

[Ref: PIB]

 

MNRE awards grants to four projects in second round of PACE setter Fund programme 

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Awarded Grants to the awardees of the second round of PACEsetter fund programme in a ceremony.

MNRE-awards

ABOUT PACESETTER FUND

  • The PACEsetter fund was constituted by India and the USA in 2015 as a joint fund to provide early-stage grant funding to accelerate the commercialization of innovative off-grid clean energy products, systems, and business models.

PACEsetter-Fund

  • It is a Rs. 50 crore (USD 7.9 million) fund jointly capitalized by the Governments of the Republic of India and the United States of America.
  • The Fund will award grants for direct support of innovative technology, business models, and programs including but not limited to: rural energy services companies (full scale integrated operators); rural distribution companies/franchisees; operations/maintenance companies; technology implementers/ system integrators; and enterprises.

ELIGIBILITY:

MNRE-awards-1

  • To be eligible, projects must be focused on improving the viability of off grid renewable energy businesses and organizations, under served individuals and communities in India without access to grid connected power or with limited or intermittent access less than 8 hours per day using small scale (under 1 megawatt) clean energy systems.

 [Ref: PIB]

 

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