Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management
- NITI Aayog releases Report on the Composite Water Management Index 2.0
Key Facts for Prelims
- MoS (PP) presents ANUBHAV awards, 2019
- Ministry of Textile launches project ‘SURE’
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Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management
NITI Aayog releases Report on the Composite Water Management Index 2.0
To supplement the efforts of Jal Shakti Ministry, NITI Aayog has prepared the second Round of Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0).
HIGHLIGHTS OF COMPOSITE WATER MANAGEMENT INDEX (CWMI 2.0)
For Non-Himalayan states
- First rank: Gujarat
- Andhra Pradesh(2nd), Madhya Pradesh (3rd), Goa(4th), Karnataka(5th) and Tamil Nadu (6th)
For Himalayan states
- First rank: Himachal Pradesh
- Uttarakhand (2nd), Tripura (3rd) and Assam (4th).
- The Union Territories have first time submitted their data and Puducherry has been declared as the top ranker.
- In terms of incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level), Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
- On an average, 80% of the states assessed on the Index over the last three years have improved their water management scores.
- 16 out of the 27 states fall in the low-performing category. These states collectively account for 48% of the population, 40% of agricultural produce, and 35% of economic output of India.
ABOUT THE COMPOSITE WATER MANAGEMENT INDEX
- It is launched by NITI Agog.
- It first launched the Composite Water Management Index in 2018. This was a first ever attempt at creating a pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water
- This has been done through a first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Jal Shakti, Ministry of Rural Development and all the States/ Union Territories.
THEME OF CWMI
The WMI has nine themes. The themes are further sub-divided into 28 indicators.
- Groundwater water restoration
- Surface water restoration
- Major and medium irrigation
- Watershed development
- Participatory irrigation management
- Sustainable on-farm water use
- Rural and urban water supply
- Policy and governance
ABOUT CWMI 2.0
- In the CWMI 2.0, two new key performance indicators (KPIs) have been added which assess the continuity of water supplied to rural households and coverage of water meters for pricing in such households.
- It does not include data from West Bengal, Mizoram, Manipur and Jammu & Kashmir.
INDIA’S WATER SUPPLY
- About 82% of rural households in India do not have individual piped water supply.
- 70% of India’s surface water is contaminated.
- India is home to 17% of world’s population but has only 4% of the world’s freshwater resource.
- In spite of possessing surface water resources, India is highly dependent on groundwater resources for day to day survival. Contribution of groundwater is nearly 62% in irrigation, 85% in rural water supply and 45% in urban water supply.
- 30% of Indian land is degraded or faces desertification, and this outcome is strongly linked to poor water management.
- The per person disease burden due to unsafe water and sanitation was 40 times higher in India than in China and 12 times higher than in Sri Lanka in 2016.
Water schemes of various states
- Mukhya Mantri Jal Swavlambhan Abhiyan (Mjsa), Rajasthan
- Neeru-Chettu Programme, Andhra Pradesh
- Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan, Maharashtra
- Mission Kakatiya, Telangana
- Sujalam Sufalam Yojana, Gujarat
- Kapil Dhara Yojana, Madhya Pradesh
- Pani Bachao Paise Kamao, Punjab
Key Facts for Prelims
MoS (PP) presents ANUBHAV awards, 2019
ANUBHAV Awards, 2019 as well as inauguration of the All India Pension Adalat were made at the ANUBHAV Awards, 2019 function organized by the Department of Pension and Pensioners’ Welfare.
ABOUT ANUBHAV SCHEME
- The Anubhav scheme was conceptualized in 2015 to encourage retiring and retired employees to submit their experiences while working in the government and thereby create a memory that help in future governance as well as to motivate future generations of government officials.
- As part of this scheme, Anubhav award was introduced in 2016 to incentivize more retiring employees to submit their write-ups.
- It is an annual award given by the Department of Pension and Pensioners’ Welfare, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
- The Anubhav portal was created on the call of Prime Minister in 2015 with a vision to preserve rich experience of retired government official in digital form.
- It is envisaged that their rich experience will be preserved for future generation to learn and explore knowledge on various aspects of governance, culture & development history of a particular region.
ALL INDIA PENSION ADALAT
- It is an initiative of Department of Pension & Pensioners’ Welfare.
- It is one of the largest exercises for pensioners’ welfare ever undertaken by the Government as part of good governance dedicated to central government pensioners.
- Department of Pensions and Pensioners’ Welfare had started the unique experiment of holding Pension Adalat of those cases in Centralized Pensioners Grievance Redress And Monitoring System (CPENGRAMS) which were either routinely closed by various Ministries or not disposed of within the time-line of 60 days.
- The methodology adopted was to invite all the stake-holders of a particular grievance on a single table viz. the concerned Department, the concerned Bank and representative of the Pensioner and resolve the case across the table.
Ministry of Textile launches project ‘SURE’
The Union Minister for Textiles, launched Project SURE, a move towards sustainable fashion at Mumbai.
ABOUT THE PROJECT SURE
- The project has been launched by the Textile Minister, along with Clothing Manufacturers Association of India (CMAI), United Nations in India and IMG Reliance.
- It will be the first holistic effort by the apparel industry towards gradually introducing a broader framework for establishing sustainability goals for the industry.
- This framework would help the industry reduce its carbon emissions, increase resource efficiency, tackle waste and water management etc.